|Why is Scotland at war at the opening of the play?
|Scotland is at war because Mackdonwald, a rebel, was trying to overthrow Duncan and make a deal with the King of Norway
|What three predictions do the witches make for Macbeth? For Banquo?
|Macbeth: 1) he will become Thane of Glamis 2) he will be Thane of Cawdor 3) he will be King of ScotlandBanquo: his children will become kings
|Who is named heir to the Scottish throne?
|Malcolm since he is King Duncan’s son
|What is the “double trust” that makes Macbeth hesitate to kill Duncan?
|In Macbeth’s first soliloquy, he expresses his doubts about murdering the king. Among the reasons he shouldn’t is his “double bond” as kinsman (countryman) and subject, which should make him oppose the deed he is contemplating
|Characterize King Duncan?
|The good King of Scotland whom Macbeth, in his ambition for the crown, murders. Duncan is the model of a virtuous, benevolent, and farsighted ruler. His death symbolizes the destruction of an order in Scotland that can be restored only when Duncan’s line, in the person of Malcolm, once more occupies the throne.
|Characterize Lady Macbeth? What does she ask the spirits to do? What does this mean?
|*stronger and more ruthless and more ambitious than Macbeth; she’s aware of this and knows she has to push Macbeth to commit murder; at one point, wishes she wasn’t a women so she could do it herself; her husband implies that she is a masculine soul inhabiting a female body, which seems to link masculinity to ambition and violence; uses female methods of achieving power, manipulation, to further their male ambitions; women can be as ambitious and cruel as men, yet social constraints deny them the means to pursue these ambitions on their own; manipulates her husband with remarkable effectiveness, overriding all his objections; when he hesitates to her murder, she questions his manhood until he feels he needs to commit the murder to prove himself; remarkable strength of will persists through the murder of the king (she calms her husband after the crime is committed); however, she begins a slow slide into madness; by the end, she is sleepwalking trying to wash the invisible bloodstain; once guilt comes home to roost, sensitivity becomes a weakness, and she is unable to cope; she kills herself, signaling her total inability to deal with the legacy of their crimes*She asks them to unsex her because she wants to help her husband kill Duncan and do the other things that he needs to do in order to become king. Her request is based on the idea that women, by their nature, are unsuited for doing brutal things like that
|What quality in her husband does Lady Macbeth see as a liability?
|she thinks he is too nice
|What are Lady Macbeth’s plans for Duncan’s murder? How will she signify to Macbeth it is time to kill Duncan?
|She plans to poison the guards at the castle so Macbeth can go kill Duncan with a knife while he is asleep in his room then no one will know who killed Duncan because the guards will be drunk. A bell is used to signify Macbeth
|What does Lady Macbeth say she would do in order for Macbeth to become king?
|She would nag him until he’s ashamed of himself for being afraid; she would ask the spirits to unsex her so she could murder the king herself
|What is the name of Banquo’s son?
|Characterize Banquo? How is he a foil character to Macbeth?
|The brave, noble general whose children, according to the witches’ prophecy, will inherit the Scottish throne. Like Macbeth, Banquo thinks ambitious thoughts, but he does not translate those thoughts into action. In a sense, Banquo’s character stands as a rebuke to Macbeth, since he represents the path Macbeth chose not to take: a path in which ambition need not lead to betrayal and murder. Appropriately, then it is Banquo’s ghost (not Duncan’s) that haunts Macbeth. In addition to embodying Macbeth’s guilt for killing Banquo, the ghost also reminds Macbeth that he did not emulate Banquo’s reaction to the witches prophecy
|What does Banquo say at the beginning of act to let audience know he is suspicious of Macbeth?
|“Thou hast it now: King, Cawdor, Glamis, all, / As the weird women promised, and I fear / Thou pay’dst most foully fort.”
|What does Macbeth forget to leave behind when leaving Duncan’s chamber?
|Who seems the stronger character at the end of Scene 2 – Macbeth or Lady Macbeth?
|What happens to the sleeping grooms?
|When Macduff announces the king has been murdered, Macbeth says he saw the body of Duncan and became so angry that he killed the guards. He blames the guards for the murder of the king and says they had blood all over them and the daggers in their hands
|Where does the porter imagine he is? What function does this scene serve?
|He imagines he is in hell. This scene his meant to be humorous, comic relief scene
|Name the strange event that the characters see as evil omens?
|*night or darkness in the daytime*an owl has killed a mighty falcon*Duncan’s horses broke out of their stalls and killed and ate each other*the weather is violent, blowing and swirling and destroying homes*nature is out of sync because of Duncan’s murder. the balance between good and evil has been tipped in favor of evil with Macbeth’s heinous crime against a divinely appointed king
|Who first discovers Duncan’s murder? What literary device is being used here?
|What crimes does Macbeth publicly confess?
|killing the guards
|Where do Malcolm and Donalbain say they will go? Why?
|Malcolm flees to England and Donalbain flees to Ireland because they believe they will be killed next
|Who accompanies Banquo at the opening of this act?
|His son, Fleance
|What reason does Lady Macbeth give for not committing the murder?
|Because Duncan looks exactly liker her father
|Why does Lady Macbeth return to the King’s bedchamber?
|Because Macbeth left with the daggers and forgot to plant the guards so she had to do it
|What causes Macbeth and his wife to hurry back to their own chamber?
|Because they hear knocking
|How does Macbeth respond to his murder of King Duncan?
|He feels very guilty and has to be calmed down by his wife
|Why have Macduff and Lennox come to Inverness?
|to call upon the king and arrange for his departure
|To what does Macbeth invite Banquo?
|to a feast
|Who is going to accompany Banquo when he rides forth?
|Does Macbeth consult his wife about his plans to murder Banquo?
|What part of Macbeth’s plan is not carried out?
|The murderers fail to kill Fleance
|What ghost does Macbeth imagine he sees?
|Who does Macbeth publicly blame for Duncan’s murder?
|Why does Macbeth want Banquo dead?
|because the the witches prophesied that Banquo’s descendants will be kings and he wants to eliminate anything that threatens his throne
|What emotions does the ghost arouse in Macbeth?
|fear and shock
|How many times does the ghost of Banquo appear at the banquet?
|Which Scottish noble refuses to attend the feast at the palace?
|How does Lady Macbeth explain her husband’s strange behavior to their guests? How is this behavior consistent with Lady Macbeth’s previous behaviors?
|she says that his strange behavior is the result of an illness which has plagued him since youth. She quickly covers for him just like she did when Duncan was looking for Macbeth
|Who is Hecate, and why is she angry?
|the goddess of witchcraft. she scolds them for meddling in the business of Macbeth without consulting her
|What does Macbeth hope to learn for the weird sisters?
|more about the future and about who may be plotting against him
|Why has Macduff left for England?
|to join Malcolm in pleading with England’s King Edward for aid
|How many apparitions are there? What does Macbeth learn from each?
|there are three apparitions1) an armed head to warn Macbeth that Macduff is coming back to Scotland to ruin him2) a bloody child tells Macbeth that no man born of a woman can do him harm3) a child wearing a crown and holding a tree telling Macbeth that he will not be vanquished until Birnam Wood moves to Dunsinane Hill
|What happens to the members of Macduff’s household?
|they are killed by murdered hired by Macbeth
|What does Macbeth learn about “Banquo’s issue”?
|that eight kings will be descendants of Banquo
|What crime is Macduff accused of by Macbeth?
|Why does Macduff blame himself for the death of his wife and children?
|because he left his wife and children behind when he fled to England to aid Malcolm
|How do the witches reveal to Macbeth that Banquo’s descendants will be kings?
|a procession of eight crowned kings walk by, the last carrying a mirror. Banquo’s ghost walks at the end of the line
|What is Lady Macduff’s reaction to her husband’s flight?
|she feels betrayed and tells her son that his father is dead
|Why does Malcolm paint a black picture of his character to Macduff?
|Because he does not trust Macduff so he tells Macduff how he is not fit to be king until Macduff gives in and says that he isn’t fit to be king and he would ruin Scotland proving that Macduff cares more about the country then power
|What two people observe Lady Macbeth sleepwalking?
|the gentlewoman and the doctor
|What does Lady Macbeth carry as she walks in her sleep?
|In what manner does the English army move toward the castle?
|with a camouflage of branches from Birnam Wood
|Who kills Macbeth?
|Who becomes the king of Scotland?
|What gesture does Lady Macbeth make as she sleepwalks?
|she rubs her hands as if to wash them
|What is the doctor’s response to his patient’s behavior? What does he advise the gentlewoman to do? How does he later respond to Macbeth?
|He concludes that she needs a priest’s help. He advises the gentlewoman not to reveal what they have seen or heard. The doctor tells Macbeth that she is not sick but troubled with visions and that she must cure herself of these visions
|How does Lady Macbeth die? How does Macbeth respond?
|She kills herself. He is shocked, but remains very calm
|What does Macbeth tell Macduff when Macduff prepares to attack him?
|That he cannot be killed by a man born of woman
|What information does Macduff reveal that makes clear the witches’ prophecy that “none of woman born shall harm Macbeth”?
|Macduff reveals that he was ripped from his mother’s womb so he wasn’t born of woman
|Which murders does Lady Macbeth allude to in the sleepwalking scene?
|Duncan, Banquo, and Lady Macbeth
|How does Malcolm bring Birnam Wood to Dunsinane?
|He orders each soldier to cut a branch and carry it in front of him as camouflage
|How do Macbeth’s followers react to the arrival of the English army?
|Why does Macbeth refuse to yield?
|How does Malcolm rewards his thanes?
|Who is Seyton? Siward? Young Siward? What happens to Young Siward?
Macbeth Study Guide
August 16, 2019