H – whether tis nobler in the mind to suffer The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune 67.3.1 Hyperbole
H – To die, to sleep – To sleep, perchance to dream 65.3.1 Double entendre – contrasts death with the peaceful image of sleep Extended metaphor – sleep represents deathConnotations of inaction and rest – reinforces Hamlet’s inaction to the reader so as to ensure that the reader realizes the full extent of Hamlet’s procrastination in regard to the revenge of his father’s death
H – Thus conscience does make cowards of us all 85.3.1
H – The king is a thing 25.4.3 Objectifying the kingRhyming couplet
H – A certain convocation of political worms are e’en at him…Your fat king and your lean beggar is but variable service, two dishes, but to one table; that’s the end. 4.3 Metaphor of disease
O – Pale as his shirt; his knees knocking each other….as if he had been loosed out of hell to speak of horrors….. Metaphorical device ‘pale as his shirt’ – sign of his ‘madness’ which audience perceive to interpret through her description of his physical stateElizabethan audience believe Hamlet’s mad state would be ‘love melancholy’ – Hamlet’s madness due to Ophelia’s rejection Ironic as Ophelia is later driven to madness because of Hamlet’s rejection
O – Indeed, my lord, you made me believe so. Rejection of romantic loveMisogynisticMisanthropic Tone starts calm in the first few lines but progressively becomes more aggressive – change may be because he realizes he is being spied upon by Polonius and Claudius – however Claudius does not believe him
C – ‘Nor what he spake, though it lacked form a little, was not like madness. There’s something in his soul.’ Claudius does not believe Hamlet’s madness
Clown in reference to Ophelia – Faith, e’en with losing his wits 135.5.1