Hamlet Act 3

What does Claudius admit to himself (and to the audience) about his crime That he has guilt over something, but we are not sure what it is yet
List the personal grievances Hamlet expresses in his “To be or not to be” soliloquy and explain what specific events in Hamlets life they refer to Hamlet is grieving over his father’s death. This soliloquy is specifically referring to the question that Hamlet is asking himself which is to exist or not to exist
What metaphor does Hamlet use in his “to be or not to be” speech to express his developing understanding of death? How does he further develope this metaphor “To die to sleep, to sleep to dream.”
What information does Ophelia provide about Hamlet’s character before the beginning of the play Hamlet was once a fantastic guy, but now he is just a shadow of his former self.
Explain the ambiguity of the nunnery scene At one point he tells her to convert, but then he tells her that if she got married don’t have kids
What is the main thrust of Hamlet’s diatribe against Ophelia Women are liars
Act 3 scene 2
Why does Shakespeare begin this scene with Hamlet offering acting lessons to the players? How does this advance the plot, develop character, or help to establish a theme Because he wants the actor to put on a realistic act, but we know this is really Shakespeare rather that Hamlet speaking
Why does Hamlet trust and admire Horatio he is level-headed
What does Hamlet admit to Horatio and the audience just before the company arrives to view the play That he told Horatio about what he said to the ghost
How does Hamlet’s speech pattern change when others enter the room to view the play? why? Acts crazy/antic disposition to further his craziness that everyone believes he deals with
Why does Hamlet speak to Ophelia in such vulgar terms 1)To openly display his craziness 2)they have had sex prior to this
What does Gertrude’s reaction to the play indicate that she had nothing to do with the murder of the king
Explain the metaphor of the recorder Guildenstern should be able to play upon the recorder the same way he is “playing” Hamlet. Hamlet is an instrument to be played by Rosencrantz and Guildenstern
Explain the allusion to Nero in Hamlet’s closing speech Nero killed his mother, and he says that he will not do the same as Nero, so that means he will not kill his mother
Act 3 Scene 3
How has the play-within-the-play changed Hamlet’s situation and influenced the action of the play? The ghost is true, so Hamlet’s theory is correct and now Hamlet can go kill Claudius
How does Polonius’ spying on the scene between Hamlet and Gertrude indicate a change in Gertrude’s status This indicates that Gertrude has now made Hamlet her enemy whereas before they were allies
In what paradox of salvation does Claudius feel trapped? The things he took from Hamlet he cannot give back for example Gertrude
Why doesn’t Hamlet kill Claudius when he has the opportunity because if he killed him in that moment he believes that Claudius would go to heaven and the fact that Hamlet is a coward
Act 3 Scene 4
Explain the ambiguity and wordplay Hamlet and his mother exchange at the beginning of this scene It focuses on how Hamlet and Gertrude ate talking about two different fathers
What is Hamlet’s reaction to the killing of Polonius He feels guilty
What does this scene reveal about Gertrude’s guilt Marital infidelity; feels bad the she was not loyal to the king, this proves that she was not at all involved with the killing of the king
What aspect of Gertrude and Claudius’ marriage still clearly bothers Hamlet the most there sexual relationship
What is the significance of this second appearance of the ghost Hamlet is the only one who sees it, so he could be experiencing an allusion