Hamlet Act 2 Vocabulary

Incontinentcy lack of sexual restraint[Polonius to Reynaldo, of Laertes] You must not put another scandal on him, / That he is open to incontinencyHam II.i.30
assay attack, attempt, trialWith windlasses and with assays of bias,Ham II.i.65
purport meaning, expression, effect[Ophelia to Polonius, of Hamlet] with a look so piteous in purportHam II.i.82
perusal inspection, scrutiny, examination[Ophelia to Polonius, of Hamlet] He falls to such perusal of my faceHam II.i.90
levy recruitment of soldiers, conscription of men[Voltemand to Claudius, of old Fortinbras] he sent out to suppress / His nephew’s leviesHam II.ii.62
expostulate expound, debate, discourse[Polonius to Claudius and Gertrude] to expostulate / What majesty should beHam II.ii.86
fain gladly, willingly[Polonius to Claudius, of being thought faithful and honourable] I would fain prove soHam II.ii.131
prescript order, direction, instruction[Polonius to Claudius and Gertrude, of Ophelia] And then I prescripts gave her Ham II.ii.142
arras tapestry hanging[Polonius to Claudius] Be you and I behind an arras thenHam II.ii.163
conjure ask solemnly, entreat earnestly, beseech[Hamlet to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern] But let me conjure youHam II.ii.283
consonance (cy) accord, harmony [of companionship][Hamlet to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern] But let me conjure you … by the consonancy of our youthHam II.ii.284
promontory peninsula–the whole world seems sterile and empty[speaking of why Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are there/how he is feeling] me a sterile promontory. This most excellent canopy,Ham II.ii.299
pestilent destructive to life; deadly; diseased[speaking of why Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are there/how he is feeling] appeareth nothing to me than a foul and pestilent congregationHam II.ii.302
paragon purest form/model– We surpass all animals[speaking of why Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are there] beauty of the world, the paragon of animals! And yetHam II.ii.307
quintessence purest form, most perfect manifestation– what are we but dust?[Hamlet to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, of the nature of man] this quintessence of dustHam II.ii.308
appurtenance usual accompaniment, accessory/custom[Hamlet to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern] Th’appurtenance of welcome is fashion and ceremonyHam II.ii.370
gules red/blood–covered in red[Hamlet to First Player, quoting lines about Pyrrhus] Head to foot / Now is he total gulesHam II.ii.455
visage face, countenance[Hamlet alone, of the First Player] all his visage wannedHam II.ii.551– became overwhelmed
cleave split, sever; burstAnd cleave the general ear with horrid speech,Ham II.ii.560 –burst the audience’s ears
kite vulturesI should ha’ fatted all the region kitesHam II.ii.576
offal intestines…With this slave’s offal.Ham II.ii.577
lecherous lustfulRemorseless, treacherous, lecherous, kindless villain!Ham II.ii.578
scullion menial, lackey, domestic servant[Hamlet alone] a very drab, / A scullion!Ham II.ii.585–…cursing in the streets…
malefaction evil-doing, criminal act[Hamlet alone, of guilty people] They have proclaimed their malefactionsHam II.ii.590– confess their crimes
blench flinch, start, shrink[Hamlet alone, of Claudius] If ‘a do blenchHam II.ii.595
niggard grudging, reluctant, unwilling[Rosencrantz to Gertrude, of Hamlet] Niggard of question [i.e. unwilling to start a conversation]Ham III.i.13
consummation fitting end, crowning fulfilment [of life][Hamlet to himself] ‘Tis a consummation / Devoutly to be wishedHam III.i.63
contumely scorn, insult, abuse[Hamlet to himself] the proud man’s contumelyHam III.i.71
bourn frontier, destination, boundary[Hamlet alone, of death] from whose bourn / No traveller returnsHam III.i.79
orison prayer, plea[Hamlet to Ophelia] in thy orisons / Be all my sins rememberedHam III.i.89
calumny false/slanderous statement[Hamlet to Ophelia] thou shalt not escape calumny. Get thee to a nunnery.Ham III.i.137
judicious wise, sensiblebut make the judicious grieve; the censure of the whichHam III.ii.26
clemency mercy; lenience. patience[Player as Prologue] Here stooping to your clemency,Ham III.ii.159
beguile charm away, while away, pass pleasantly[First Player as King to his Queen] I would beguile / The tedious day with sleepHam III.ii.236
tedious endlessThe tedious day with sleep.Ham III.ii.237.1
choler anger, rage, wrath[Hamlet to Guildenstern, of Claudius] plunge him into more cholerHam III.ii.315
purgation purging, cleansing, clearing away[Hamlet to Guildenstern, of Claudius] put him to his purgationHam III.ii.315
weal welfare, well-being, prosperity[Rosencrantz to Claudius] That spirit upon whose weal depends and rests / The lives of many Ham III.iii.14
liege between a feudal superior and a vassal.The speech, of vantage. Fare you well, my liege.Ham III.iii.33
primal primaeval, original, earliestIt hath the primal eldest curse upon’t,Ham III.iii.37
hent moment[Hamlet to himself] Up, sword, and know thou a more horrid hent [or: occasion, if variant of ‘hint’]Ham III.iii.88
cozen cheat, dupe, trick, deceive[Hamlet to Gertrude] What devil was’t / That thus hath cozened youHam III.iv.78
tinct colour, hue, tint[Gertrude to Hamlet] such black and grained spots / As will not leave their tinctHam III.iv.92
tithe tenth part[Hamlet to Gertrude, of Claudius] A slave that is not twentieth part the tithe / Of your precedent lordHam III.iv.98
cutpurse pickpocket, thief, robber[Hamlet to Gertrude, of Claudius] A cutpurse of the empireHam III.iv.100
diadem a jeweled crownThat from a shelf the precious diadem stoleHam III.iv.101
chide scold, rebuke, reprove[Hamlet to Ghost] Do you not come your tardy son to chideHam III.iv.107
whet sharpen, stimulate appetiteIs but to whet thy almost blunted purpose.Ham III.iv.112
incorporeal incorporeal, insubstantial, immaterial[Gertrude to Hamlet] And with th’incorporal air do hold discourse?Ham III.iv.119
coinage invention, fabrication, concoction / figment[Gertude to Hamlet, of the Ghost] This is the very coinage of your brainHam III.iv.138
gambol shy away, leap away[Hamlet to Gertrude] I the matter will re-word, which madness / Would gambol fromHam III.iv.145 [rephrase everything which would prove i am not a lunatic]
unction balm, salve, soothing ointment[Hamlet to Gertrude] Lay not that flattering unction to your soulHam III.iv.146
cleft splitO Hamlet, thou hast cleft my heart in twain.Ham III.iv.157
ravel out unravel, disentangle, make clear / admit[Hamlet to Gertrude] Make you to ravel all this matter out Ham III.iv.187
mandate command, order[Hamlet to Gertrude, of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern] They bear the mandateHam III.iv.205