Twelfth Night Acts 1 and 2 Vocabulary

surfeiting (v) overindulging, especially so much that one becomes sickened or repelled — an amount that is too much or more than you need- Give me excess of it, that, surfeiting, the appetite may sicken and so die
abatement (n) the ending, lessening, reducing, or suppressing of something — to become weaker : to decrease in strength- The violence has continued without abatement- But falls into abatement and low price
purged (v) to clean or clear out; get rid of; remove (purge is often used with “of,” as in “purged the air of pestilence”) — to remove people from an area, country, organization, etc., often in a violent and sudden way- High-ranking officials were purged from the company following the merger.- Methought she purged the air of pestilence
provident (adj) making or indicating timely preparation for the future — careful about planning for the future and saving money for the future- more provident policy- Most provident in peril, bind himself to a strong mast that lived upon the sea
abjured (v) renounced; given up — to reject- He abjured allegiance to his native country- They say she hath abjured the sight and company of men
shrew (n) bad-tempered or complaining woman — an unpleasant bad-tempered woman- [to Maria] Bless you fair shrew
motley (n) checkered jester’s clothing (also adj: varied in appearance or character — made up of many different people or things)- A motley group of musicians- That’s as much to say as, I wear not motley in my brain.
lethargy (n) drowsiness; apathy; lack of energy or interest — a lack of energy or a lack of interest in doing things : a lethargic feeling or state- Cousin, cousin, how have you come so early by this lethargy?- I snapped out of my lethargy and began cleaning the house.
fortified (adj) strengthened, often against attack (also: to fortify, v) — to make (someone or something) stronger- He took a deep breath to fortify himself before stepping onto the stage.- He’s fortified against any denial
feigned (adj) pretended; simulated; faked (also: to feign, v) — to pretend to feel or be affected by (something)- She greeted him with feigned nonchalance.- It is more like to be feigned. I pray you, keep it in.
nonpareil (n) something with no match or equal — someone or something that is better than any other- Elvis was the nonpareil of early American rock and roll.- Could be but recompensed though you were crowned the nonpareil of beauty
recompense (n) compensation or reward given for loss, harm suffered, or effort made — something that is given to or done to thank or reward someone or to pay someone for loss or suffering- He is asking for a just/fair recompense for the work he’s done.- My master, not myself, lacks recompense.
malignancy (n) evil nature- the malignancy of the tumor- The malignancy of my fate might perhaps distemper yours.
mellifluous (adj) sweet or musical; pleasant to hear — having a smooth, flowing sound- mellifluous speech- A mellifluous voice, as I am true knight.
dulcet (adj) sweet and soothing (related to sound) — pleasant to hear- the dulcet sounds of the piano- To hear by the nose, it is dulcet in contagion.
mitigation (n) a reduction in severity (also to mitigate, v) — to make (something) less severe, harmful, or painful- Emergency funds are being provided to help mitigate the effects of the disaster.- Do you make an ale-house of my lady’s house, that you squeak out your cozier’s catches without any mitigation of remorse of voice?
cloyment (cloying) (n/adj) excessively or disgustingly sweet or sentimental — too sweet, pleasant, or emotional- After a while, the softness of his voice becomes cloying- No motion of the liver, but the palate, that suffer surfeit, cloyment, and revolt
exalted (adj) placed at a high or powerful level (often related to rank or status) — to raise (someone or something) to a higher level- She rose to an exalted position in the company- Besides, she uses me with more exalted respect than anyone else that follows her.
quenching (v) stifling, suppressing, or extinguishing (also to satisfy) — to put out- A drink that will quench your thirst- I extend my hand to him thus, quenching my familiar smile with an austere regard of control.
prerogative (n) a right or privilege exclusive to a particular individual or class — a special right or privilege that some people have- It’s a writer’s prerogative to decide the fate of her characters.- Saying “Cousin Toby my fortunes, having cast me on your niece, give me this prerogative of speech.”
portend (v) be a signal of; warn of — to be a sign or warning that something usually bad or unpleasant is going to happen- The distant thunder portended a storm.- And the end-what should that alphabetical position portend?
cudgel (v) to beat with a short, thick stick — to hit (someone or something) with a club- a politician who is being cudgeled in the press for his failure to support tax cuts- Ay, or I’ll cudgel him and make him cry “O”.