The Tempest Test Review

How does the apparent fate of the ship at the end of Scene 1 differ from its fate according to Prospero? The ship appears to sink at the end of Scene 1, killing the characters on board. According to Prospero, the ship did crash, but nobody died on board.
What events cause Prospero and his daughter to settle on the island? Antonio usurping his dukedom.
How did Prospero gain power over his servants Ariel and Caliban? Prospero saved Ariel from a spell Sycorax had put on him, and took him in as his servant. Prospero gained power over Caliban with his magic (by punishing him whenever he doesn’t obey).
How does the attitude of Sebastian and Antonio differ from that of Gonzalo in regard to the Boatswain? Sebastian and Antonio mock the boatswain and are rude to him. Gonzalo is more trusting towards the boatswain.
What fault in Prospero may have led to his losing his dukedom? His ignorance of his duty (he was too busy studying his books).
How does Antonio persuade Sebastian to kill Alonso? He explains to Sebastian how he would be the heir of Naples if he were to help kill Alonso.
What stops Antonio and Sebastian from killing Alonso? Prospero sends Ariel wake Alonso and Gonzalo before Antonio and Sebastian can kill them.
What characters in the second scene are stock characters? Caliban, Trinculo, and Stephano
What makes these characters effective for comic relief? They parody well the murder plot that Antonio and Sebastian had to kill Alonso (but the three wouldnt never kill Prospero).
What do the stock characters plan to do that is a parody of what the noble characters plan to do? The stock characters plan to kill Prospero which parodies the nobles characters’ plan when they plan to kill Alonso.
How do we know that Prospero approves of the love between Ferdinand and Miranda? Propsero tells Ferdinand that he can marry Miranda.
What does Ariel do to confuse Caliban and his fellow conspirators? Ariel interrupts their conversation and pretends to be Trinculo.
What is the purpose of the illusionary banquet? To make the courtiers realize their faults in hurting Prospero.
What does Caliban’s acceptance of the music tell us about Caliban in comparison to Stephano and Trinculo? That Caliban has some aspect of culture in him since he appreciates the music, while the other’s do not.
Gonzalo says that Sebastian and Antonio are affected by the “poison” of their guilt. How is guilt like poison? Their guilt makes them feel “sick” (as in sadness/remorse), just like in reality, poison would actually make a person ill.
Which goddesses join in the masque? Iris, Ceres, and Juno
What causes Caliban and the others to turn away from their plot? They get distracted from their plan because they have been drinking, and they end up in a foul-smelling pool.
Why does Prospero create the masque for Miranda and Ferdinand? To show teach them about marriage/the purpose of it.
What is the difference between the way the masque ended and they way the banquet (in Act III) ended? The masque ended suddenly without Prospero planning it to, unlike the banquet.
Why is Prospero especially angry at Caliban? Prospero is angry at Caliban because he raised/taught Caliban, and he felt like everything he did for Caliban had gone to waste.
Why does Prospero show mercy to his enemies? He wants to show forgiveness towards them (and he hopes he gets respect in return).
What does Prospero say he will do to show that he has rejected his magic? He takes off his magic robe and buries his magical staff.
What service does Ariel do in this act? Ariel releases the courtiers in this act.
What is Ariel’s reward to be for performing his act? He is to be set free.
How does Miranda’s view of the courtiers differ from Prospero’s? Miranda is highly fascinated with all the courtiers (as she has never seen so many humans before), while Prospero isn’t.
In what ways has Caliban changed in regard to Stephano? Caliban realizes that it was foolish to consider Stephano a ruler/god-like figure.
What is the connection between Prospero’s speech in the Epilogue and the ending of the play? Prospero says (in the Epilogue) that in order for his play to be successful, the audience needs to applause him.