The Tempest

The reason Ariel willingly serves Prospero Because Prospero rescued him from imprisonment
The reason Prospero and Miranda have turned against Caliban Caliban attacked Miranda
The way Shakespeare presents Miranda in Act I kind and compassionate
Shakespeare uses prose and poetry to distinguish the speech of commoners and aristocrats, but as far as the content of their speech, how do they relate to one another specifically in Act I? As equals
One of the qualities of a romance is an unrealistic plot. In Act I, what aspect of Ferdinand and Miranda’s meeting is unrealistic? Ferdinand suggests that they get married as soon as he meets her.
The reason Caliban hides under his cloak when Trinculo appears he believes that Prospero has sent Trinculo to punish him
The way Antonio persuades Sebastian that if they kill Alonso, Sebastian can become King of Naples. By arguing that Alonso’s daughter is too far from Naples to interfere
The way Trinculo treats Caliban in Act II With disrespect
A reason that Shakespeare might has the aristocrats speak in prose in Act II the prose allows the dialogue to be more funny and casual
The highest ranking official in the group of shipwrecked men Alonso
The reason Prospero spies on Ferdinand and Miranda to find out if Ferdinand truly loves Miranda
The way Alonso reacts when Ariel accuses him of wrongdoing against Prospero admits guilt and expresses remorse
Ferdinand’s attitude as he carries wood He would do anything for Miranda/makes the best of the situation
When Alonso speaks to Prospero about his son being dead, Prospero responds in this way He foster’s Alonso’s beliefs that Ferdinand is dead by keeping Ferdinand hidden
Describe the subplot of Ariel and Prospero. Prospero confides his story and his plans with Ariel. Ariel helps Prospero carry out his plans in hope of freedom
The agreement Prospero makes with Miranda and Ferdinand at the beginning of Act IV to let them get married
The trick Ariel played on Caliban, Stephano, and Trinculo he played musics that charmed and confused them, then lured them into a pool of dirty water
The way Prospero punishes Trinculo, Stephano, and Caliban at the end of Act IV sends dogs and goblins chasing them
How Ariel feels towards Prospero at the end of Act IV? loyal
The reason Shakespeare uses asides in his plays to share something with the audience that he doesn’t want the characters on stage to know
The realization that Caliban comes to at the end of the play He realizes Stephano is a drunken fool
The way Antonio responds when Prospero accuses him he says nothing
Describe the lesson that Prospero learns. to forgive old injuries and put them in the past
What does the epilogue at the end symbolize? Shakespeare’s freedom from the theater
Why does Shakespeare use rhymed couplets in Ariel’s song? Ariel is lively and lighthearted and it makes it stand out from the blank verse
Alonso King of Naples and father of Ferdinand. Alonso aided Antonio in unseating Prospero as Duke of Milan twelve years before. As he appears in the play, however, he is acutely aware of the consequences of all his actions. He blames his decision to marry his daughter to the Prince of Tunis on the apparent death of his son. In addition, after the magical banquet, he regrets his role in the usurping of Prospero.
Sebastian brother of Alonsofriends with Antoniorude, arrogant, willing to kill the kingcoward, no moral center”thy case, dear friend shall be my precedent”
Prospero the right Duke of Milan
Antonio his brother, the usurping Duke of Milan
Ferdinand Son of the King Of Naples, married Miranda
Gonzalo An old, honest lord, Gonzalo helped Prospero and Miranda to escape after Antonio usurped Prospero’s title. Gonzalo’s speeches provide an important commentary on the events of the play, as he remarks on the beauty of the island when the stranded party first lands, then on the desperation of Alonso after the magic banquet, and on the miracle of the reconciliation in Act V, scene i.
Andrian and Francisco Lords
Caliban Another of Prospero’s servants. Caliban, the son of the now-deceased witch Sycorax, acquainted Prospero with the island when Prospero arrived. Caliban believes that the island rightfully belongs to him and has been stolen by Prospero. His speech and behavior is sometimes coarse and brutal, as in his drunken scenes with Stephano and Trinculo (II.ii, IV.i), and sometimes eloquent and sensitive, as in his rebukes of Prospero in Act I, scene ii, and in his description of the eerie beauty of the island in Act III, scene ii (III.ii.130-138). savage and deformed slave
trinculo jester
Stephano a drunken butler
Miranda Daughter of Prospero. Falls in love with Ferdinand.
Ariel Airy spirit and servant to Prospero
iambic pentameter a poetic meter that is made up of 5 stressed syllables each followed by an unstressed syllable
Plot Sequence of events in a story
Subplot a minor plot that relates in some way to the main story
Motif A recurring theme, subject or ideaEx.The use of Strange or Strangely
plot structure exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolutionIn Shakespearean comedies, the resolution of a play occurs in its final section, when all conflicts are resolved and all the characters come together.Shakespeare also adds and epilogue where a characters adds final comments on the conflict and resolution of the play.
Poetic Structure The way words are arranged in lines, lines are arranged in stanzas, and units of sound are organized to achieve rhythm and rhyme.

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