Romeo and Juliet (Everything you need to know)

What does Romeo compare Juliet to in the balcony scene? The sun
What group was Shakespeare a member of and what did they later change their name to? Lord Chamberlain’s Men; king’s men
When was Shakespeare born? (month, day, year) 4/23/1564
When did Shakespeare die? (month, day, year) 4/23/1616
Where was Shakespeare born? Stratford
Shakespeare’s parents were named__ John and Mary
In 1582 Shakespeare married__(8 year difference) Anne Hathaway
Shakespeare had three children:__,__,__ Susana, Hamnet, Judith (Hamnet and Judith were twins)
__put together a folio of Shakespeare’s plays. Ben Jonson
What was the original cause of the feud? An insult when they were young men
Fiery Tybalt is an example of what? Epithet
“…o brawling love, o loving hate, o anything, of nothing first created!” is an example of what? Oxymoron
Why will Rosaline not love any man? She has taken a vow of chastity
What three conditions does Capulet tell Paris if he is to marry Juliet? He must wait two years, she has to agree, she has to love him
What does the following passage reveal; “Earth hath swallowed all my hopes but she”. All of Capulet’s other children are dead
When will Juliet first meet Paris? At the party
Why does Peter ask Romeo and Benvolio to help him with the guest list? He can’t read
Why does Benvolio want Romeo to go to the party? So Romeo can meet another woman and forget about Rosaline
What is the following passage an example of; “Read o’er the volume of young Paris’ face, And find delight writ there with beauty’s pen; Examine every married lineament, and see how one another lends content”. Extended metaphor
Where does Mercutio’s name come from? Mercurial (moody)
What does Romeo mean when he says, “But he that hath the steerage of my course Direct my sail! On, lusty gentlemen!” Whoever is in charge of my life, it’s up to you
What is Romeo’s tragic flaw? Irrationality/impulsiveness
What does the line “If he be married, my grave is like to be my wedding bed” mean? If Romeo is married, Juliet will not marry anyone else
What does Romeo mean when he says, “Tybalt, the reason that I have to love thee doth much excuse the appertaining rage to such a greeting.”? I love you, although the reason I can’t tell you
The passage, “Tybalt, the reason that I have to love thee doth much excuse the appertaining rage to such a greeting” is an example of what? Dramatic Irony
Why does Tybalt want to fight Romeo? Romeo went to the party uninvited
Why does Mercutio say, “O calm, dishonorable, vile submission!” He thinks Romeo is being a coward
What are the three reasons why Romeo is responsible for Mercutio’s death? Feud, reputation, and he physically interferes
What does the line, “O, I am fortune’s fool!” mean? I am the plaything of fate
What does Juliet compare Romeo to while waiting for the Nurse? Stars
The passage, “Was ever book containing such vile matter so fairly bound?” is an example of what? Extended metaphor
What is worse than 10,000 Tybalt deaths? Romeo being banished
What three reasons should Romeo be happy about after being banished? Juliet is alive, Tybalt would have killed him, but he killed Romeo, the law went easy on him
Where does Romeo go in exile? Mantua
What is ironic about the passage from Juliet saying, “Wilt thou be gone? I is not yet near day. It was the nightingale, and not the lark, that pierced the fearful hollow of thine ear. Nightly she sings on yond pomegranate tree. Believe me, love, it was the nightingale.” Juliet is being illogical (Normally Romeo is the illogical one)
What does Lady Capulet want to make Juliet happy? Send an assassin to Mantua to kill Romeo
Why does Shakespeare say “The County Paris” instead of the count? It had to be two syllables in order to scan properly
What does Lady Capulet mean when she says, “I would the fool were married to her grave!” I’d rather have Juliet dead then being disobedient
Why does the Nurse suddenly advise Juliet to marry Paris? She is worried she might get caught
Why is Juliet so willing to do anything to avoid marrying Paris? She doesn’t want to be forced to be physically unfaithful to Romeo
story that is written to be acted for an audience Drama
character who is used as a contrast to another character Dramatic Foil
fourteen-line lyric poem that is usually written in iambic pentameter and that has one of several rhyme schemes Sonnet
This type of sonnet is made up of an octet followed by a sestet. The rhyme sceme is abba abba cde cde Italian or Petrarchan Sonnet
sonnet made up of three quatrains and one couplet. The most common rhyme scheme of a this sonnet is abab cdcd efef gg Shakespearean Sonnet
generally regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry Meter
poetry writeen in unrhymed iambic pentameter Blank Verse
group of consecutive lines in a poem that form a single unit Stanza
a metrical foot, or unit of measure, consisting of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable Iambic foot
one stressed and one unstressed syllable Poetic foot
a poetic line made up of five poetic feet Pentameter
line of poetry that contains five iambic feet Iambic Pentameter
a stanza of four lines Quatrain
two consectuive lines of poetry that rhyme Couplet
a long speech given by one character to the others on the stage Monologue
Unusually long speech in which a character who is onstage alone expresses his or her thoughts outloud Soliloquy
figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, in which one things becomes another thing without the use of the word like, as , than, or resembles Metaphor
a metaphor that is developed, over several lines of writing or even throughout an entire poem Extended Metaphor
figures of speech that makes a comparison between two unliike things, using a word such as like, as, resembles or than Simile
a rhetorical figure which includes incongruous or contradictory terms, as “bright smoke” or feather of lead” Oxymoron
kind of metaphor in which a nonhuman thing or quality is talked about as if it were human Personification
type of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery to appeal to the reader’s emotions and imagination Poetry
play on the multiple meanings of a word or on two words that sound alike but have different meanings Pun
repetition of accented vowel sounds, and all sounds following them, in words that are close together in a poem. End rhymes occur at the ends of lines. Rhyme
the pattern of rhymes in a poem Rhyme scheme
musical quality in language produced by repition. The most obvious kind of rhythm is produced by meter Rhythm
a play begins “in the middle of things” important events have already happened which impact all the events to come “In Medea Res”
play, novel, or other narrative that depicts serious and important events in which the main character comes to an unhappy end Tragedy
when the audience knows something important that a character in a play does not know Dramatic Irony
words that are spoken by a character in a play to the audience or to another character but that are not supposed to be overheard by the others onstage Aside
the protagonist of a tragedy Tragic Hero
the downfall or destruction of the tragic hero Catastrophe
adjective or descriptive phrase that is regularly used to characterize a person, place, or thing Epithet
play on the multiple meanings of a word or on two words that sound alike but have different meanings Pun
What does wherefore mean? Why
Why does “Jove laugh”? Jove has many wives so he thinks committing to a single girl is amusing
Why does Juliet not want Romeo to swear by the moon? The moon always changes so Juliet does not want Romeo to swear on something that could change as his love does
What must Romeo do to prove his love to Juliet in the balcony scene? Arrange a wedding and let Juliet know where and when it will be
Who are the known relatives of the prince? Mercutio and Paris
Why does Shakespeare set the wedding off stage? It would slow down the action