Macbeth Acts 3 and 4

“Thou hast it now, King, Cawdor, Glamis, all, as the weird women promised, and I fear thou play’dst most foully for’t” Banquo (3.1)(C) Banquo is aware of Macbeth and is stating it(S) Banquo is suspicious of Macbeth
“Nought’s had, all’s spent, Where our desire is got without content: ‘Tis safer to be that which we destroy than by destruction dwell in doubtful joy.” Full of scorpions is my mind, dear wife! …Be innocent of the knowledge, dearest” Lady Macbeth (3.2)(C) Lady Macbeth isn’t satisfied and thinks it be better to have been dead(S) Lady Macbeth is not happy despite getting what she wanted
“In the affliction of these terrible dreams, that shake us nightly: better be with the dead, whom we, to gain our peace have sent to peace” Macbeth (3.2)(C) Macbeth says that killing Duncan hasn’t done much(S) they would be happier dead
“Full of scorpions is my mind, dear wife! …Be innocent of the knowledge, dearest” Macbeth (3.2)(C) Macbeth has many dangerous/destructive plots in mind and dares not to share(S) Macbeth and Lady Macbeth switched roles and now Macbeth is the bad guy
“I had else been perfect, whole as the marble founded as the rock … but now I am cabined, cribbed, confined, bound in to saucy doubts and fears” Macbeth (3.4)(C) Macbeth is still troubled by paranoia, Fleance lives(S) Macbeth cannot gain security and this mistake sets off more doubts
“There the grown serpent lies; the worm that’s fled hath nature that in time will venom breed, no teeth for the present” Macbeth (3.4)(C) Macbeth reacts to Fleance’s escape from the murderers(S) recognizes Fleance is not an immediate threat
“By the pricking of my thumbs, Something wicked this way comes” Witches (4.1)(C) witches acknowledge Macbeth’s arrival(S) Macbeth is considered to be evil
“Infected be the air whereon they ride, And damned all those that trust them!” Macbeth (4.1)(C) Macbeth is talking about the witches and is unsatisfied that Fleance will still be king(S) Macbeth is also cursing himself
Paradox seemingly contradictory statement that contains truthex. “fair is foul and foul is fair”
Allusion a reference to a person, place, thing,mor event of historical or literary significance
Aside short comment delivered to the audience, self, or one other character while on stage
Metaphor makes implied or implicit comparison between two things without common characteristics
Soliloquy device used to reveal a characters thoughts while completely alone on stage (talking to himself)
Symbolism use of words or images to signify ideas and qualities by giving them symbolic meaning beyond the literal sense
Pathetic Fallacy natures reflection of events taking place in the play or movie
Dramatic Irony audience knows something the characters dont
What suspicious does Banquo voice? What does he say that lets us know what he suspects? he fears he got the position in a bad way, he thinks Macbeth has everything, foulness
Who besides Banquo knows of the witches’ prophecies? Lady Macbeth and Macbeth
Why does Macbeth question Banquo about his plans? to find out where Banquo is to know when and where to murder
What ailment does Macbeth suffer from? insomnia, nightmares
What does Macbeth tell the murderers about Banquo? he makes something up, fabricates it
Who is murdered? Banquo
Who else are the murderers to kill? Banquo, Fleance
What is ironic about Lady Macbeth’s advice to Macbeth? Lady Macbeth is saying what Macbeth was saying when she wanted to kill King Duncan
Who escapes? Fleance
How is the planning of Banquo’s murder different from that of Duncan? now Macbeth is calling all of the shots
Who is seated at Macbeth’s place at the table? the ghost of Banquo
What does Hecate tell the witches to do to Macbeth? bring him to destruction
How does Lady Macbeth explain Macbeth’s reaction to her guests? Macbeth does it all the time since he was a little kid
How are the thanes feeling about their king, how do you know? tyrant and murderer
What is Lady Macbeth’s reaction to Macbeth saying he had seen a ghost? questions if he is a man
Why does she think Macbeth was a poor choice for them? selfish, willful man, angry and spiteful, seeks his own good
To what other event in the play is the ghostly appearance similar? air drawn dagger
Why do the witches show Macbeth eight kings? To confirm that they are still powerful
Who refused the banquet invitation? Macduff
How is Scotland described in this scene? dark, ruled by a tyrannical person
Explain each of the apparitions and the warnings for Macbeth. 1st: armored head -> beware Macduff2nd: bloody child -> no one born a woman shall harm Macbeth3rd: crowned child with tree -> not defeated until Birham woods moves against him
Where has Macduff gone and for what purpose? England to get help from King Edward and Malcolm
Why is Macduff’s speech at the start of the scene ironic?
Explain how Malcolm tests Macduff, why does he do this?