Macbeth Act IV

What is the first apparation, and what does it say? Armed head, “Beware Macduff”
What is the second apparation, and what does it tell Macbeth? Why does Macbeth feel he can ignore the first apparition’s warning? Bloody child, “None of woman born shall harm Macbeth”, everyone is born from a woman
What is the third apparation? What does it tell Macbeth? Why does Macbeth feel he can dismiss this apparation as well? A crowned child with tree branch, “Macbeth shall never vanquished be until Great Birnam Wood [marches] to high D
What final question does Macbeth have for the witches? What do the witches show him? Will Banquo’s descendants reign as king? He sees 8 kings, all descendants of Banquo, with the ghost of Banquo following.
What is ironic about Macbeth’s line “Infected be the air whereon they ride, / And damned all those that trust them”? He is cursing himself, in essence
To where has Macduff fled? What is Macbeth’s solution to this new problem? England; Macbeth plans to kill Macduff’s family and household.
What is Macduff’s wife’s reaction to the news that Macduff has left her? She is angry. She believes him to be a traitor and coward.
How does Ross justify Macduff’s actions to his wife? He tells her to have faith in her husband.
What does Lady Macduff tell her son about Macduff? She says he is dead and was a traitor.
What does Macduff’s son say about Lady Macbeth? She says she can find one easily.
Why doesn’t Lady Macduff leave after she has been warned? She maintains (says) she has done nothing wrong.
Why doesn’t Malcolm initially trust Macduff?
What do Malcolm and Macduff now call Macbeth? What do they think about how Macbeth has been running the country?
How does Malcolm “test” Macduff’s allegiance?
What kinds of things does Malcolm say he would do as king? List two.
Who has Malcolm joined forces withed? What have they already done to go against Macbeth?
Describe what Edward the Confessor, King of England, has done for his people, according to Malcolm.
What news does Ross bring Macduff? What is Macduff’s immediate reaction? What does he then realize? His family was murdered; he realizes it was his fault because he left for England and did not take his family
What does Macduff vow to do at the end of this scene? Revenge against Macbeth