Hamlet Act 4 & 5

Who tells the king about polonius The queen
What promise to hamlet does Gertrude keep in her second statement She doesn’t tell the king that hamlet isn’t mad
What is Claudius’ first reaction to the news of polonius’s death He says that hamlet is dangerous and must be sent to england
What excuse does Claudius offer for not controlling hamlet with a stronger hand He loved him to much/ love blinded him
Explain Claudius’ comparison of this laxity and disease He says that like the owner of a disease in order to keep it hidden he let it grow
What does the queen say hamlet is doing while she and the king are talking Getting rid of the body while weeping
On what errand does the king send rosencrantz and guildenstern To find hamlet and recover the body
What is “safely stow’d” Polonius’s body
Why does hamlet call rosencrantz a sponge He soaks up the kings favorable looks, rewards, and authorities
Hamlet also compares rosencrantz and guildenstern to An apple
Why must the king be careful in his treatment of hamlet Hamlet is loved by the unsettled multitude
Diseases desperate grown/by desperate appliance are relieved/ or not at all Desperate times call for desperate measures
When Claudius asks hamlet where polonius is, what is hamlets answer At supper Eaten by worms/ buried
Define progress and explain the progress that hamlet describes Progress is a journey; even the greatest of things can be eaten by the lowliest of things
Where has hamlet stow’d the body? How might it eventually be found? upstairs by the main hall
When hamlet says goodbye to Claudius, what does he call him and why He calls him dear mother”Man and wife is one flesh”
For what reason is Claudius certain England will instantly obey his command Denmark is more powerful and so england fears Denmark because Denmark has beaten england in the past
What command does Claudius send to england To kill hamlet
Define Hectic and explain the comparison Claudius says that hamlet is like a fever in his blood
For what purpose is fortinbras in Denmark To march through
Where are fortinbras and his army going To fight against Poland
What will they fight for in poland a small patch of ground with no profit
What is the object of their fight worth He would not pay 5 ducats to rent the land for farming
Sure he that has made us with such large discourse…. to fust in us unused Discourse: power of thought that looks into the past and futureFust: become moldy
Why does hamlet say that fortinbras is risking his men and his own life “even for an eggshell” He is going to battle for a piece of land that is worth very little
How does fortinbras serve as a spur to hamlets revenge It motivates him because 20k men are going to their possible deaths for just fame while he has legitimate reasons for acting
Who is with Gertrude when Ophelia arrives Horatio
Why does horatio urge Gertrude to see ophelia Because she might give dangerous ideas to evil minds
What is the subject matter of Ophelia’s first song Death
What is Gertrude afraid of it looks like an omen of disaster to come
What does Claudius assume caused Ophelia’s madness The grief of her fathers death & hamlets
What is the subject of Ophelia’s second song? Betrayal
Who is sent to follow ophelia Horatio
Why are the people of Denmark upset Polonius was killed and Hamlet was taken away
What is a hugger-mugger without a proper state funeral
What new info does Claudius reveal Laertes has secretly returned from France
What are swissers Swiss guards
The mob that is supporting laertes are crying for him to become King
Gertrude calls Laertes’s followers False danish dogs
According to Laertes, if he were calm, it would mean that he was a ___________, his father a ________________, and his mother a _________________. bastard, cuckold, harlot
What will Laertes risk for revenge? damnation/ his afterlife
Who enters and interrupts the encounter between Laertes and the King? Ophelia
To whom does Ophelia give flowers in lines 173-178? Laertes
What do the flowers, or herbs, given to Claudius and Gertrude signify? Gertrude: symbolize adulteryClaudius: repentance and unhappy love
Why is Laertes disturbed about Polonius’s burial? his funeral was secret with no funeral rites, military display, noble rites, or formal ceremony; it makes him suspicious of the way Polonius died
Why does Horatio suspect that the sailors come from Hamlet? he doesn’t know anyone else who would send him a letter from abroad
We learn from Hamlet’s letter that the pirates took how many prisoners? just Hamlet
Why do the sailors need to see the King? to give him Hamlet’s letters
Why were the pirates good to Hamlet? they wanted him to do them a favor
Where are Rosencrantz and Guildenstern? headed to england
In Claudius’s first speech he tell Laertes that Hamlet not only killed Polonius, but also tried to kill __________________. him/ claudius
What reasons does Claudius give for not acting to prevent Hamlet’s violence? 1) Gertrude loves Hamlet 2) The public loves Hamlet
How does Claudius feel about Gertrude? he can’t live apart from her
What, according to Claudius, would have happened if Claudius had accused Hamlet to the people? whatever Claudius says would end up hurting himself
In a single sentence, sum up Hamlet’s letter to Claudius. tomorrow I’ll tell you how I came back to Denmark(excessive use of humble words ex/ “kingly eyes” “beg”
In lines 61-68, Claudius tells Laertes that Hamlet’s death will be arranged to look like an _____________, so that not even ______________ will suspect. accident, mother
Who brought news of Laertes’s “art in defense”? Lamond, a norman
How is Hamlet reported to feel about Laertes’s skill? jealous; wanting to spar against Laertes
What is “a sword unbated”? a sword with a sharpened point
What “added ingredient” does Laertes suggest to make the hit more deadly? a poisonous oil
How powerful is this “added ingredient”? if he is scratched by it, he will die
What back-up-measure does Claudius suggest? he will offer hamlet a poisoned glass when he is thirsty if Laertes can’t poison him
The Queen comes in to announce that _________________________________. Ophelia has drowned
What was Ophelia doing under the willow tree? making garlands out of the leaves
How did she get into the stream? climbing into the tree to hang the wreath
What first bore her up and then pulled her under? her clothes
What does Hamlet say about Alexander and Caesar? the remains of their bodies (dust) might be used to plug a hole or patch up a wall
What does the churlislh priest say about the obsequies of Ophelia? Why? he has performed as many rites as he can; if it weren’t for the king giving orders to have her buried in the church graveyard, she would have been buried elsewhere. It would profane the other dead souls in the graveyard if he sang the same requiem for her that he did for them
If Hamlet was sincere and truthful in saying he loved Ophelia, why did he treat her as he did? he was acting mad/crazy
How did Hamlet feel toward Laertes? he was furious because of the showiness of his griefhe is confused why he is treating him like this “I loved you ever”
How old is Hamlet? 30
In what way is the “image” of Hamlet’s cause the “portraiture” of Laertes’ cause? hamlet’s cause is to kill Claudius, his father’s killerLaertes’s cause is to kill Hamlet, his father’s killer
How and why do Hamlet and Horatio make fun of Osric? hamlet plays dumb so Osric won’t use such fancy/flowery/flattering language
Despite Hamlet’s assurance in his skill, what sort of feeling does he have about the coming fencing match? he has a bad premonition/feeling about it
What is Horatio’s response and why is this response illogical for a scholar? What does it indicate about Horatio? (V.ii.192) Hamlet should listen to the bad feeling. Normally a scholar wouldn’t advise someone to listen to superstitions. Horatio believes in superstitions/ the supernatural
What attitude do the following lines from V.ii.194-8 suggest?1)”There is a special providence in the fall of a sparrow.”2)”The readiness is all.”3)”Let be.” Man is powerless to change fate
How does Laertes accept Hamlet’s apology? he is no longer angry but his honor is still injured/ can’t forgive HamletHowever, he accepts his love
What request does Laertes make as he dies? to forgive him for killing Hamlet
Explain the line, “I am more an antique Roman than a Dane.” for ancient romans, suicide was an honorable choice when faced with defeat or great loss
To what does Fortinbras compare the sight of the four dead bodies? havoc; a banquet of death
IV.iv.32 How all occasions do inform against me… who said it: hamletto whom: himselfsituation: hamlet was just informed of Fortinbras’ march to fight the poles for a patch of useless groundmeaning: everything I see shows me how wrong I am and tells me to hurry with my revenge
IV.v.121 There’s such divinity doth hedge a king who said it: Claudiusto whom: Gertrude situation: Claudius is telling Gertrude to let laertes go and not worry about him hurting Claudius. Laertes has just stormed in after learning of his fathers death, demanding an explanationmeaning: God protects the king
V.i.159 Alas, poor Yorick! I knew him, Horatio who said it: hamletto whom: horatiosituation: the gravedigger has just informed hamlet that a skull he found is yorick’s, the court jestermeaning: the skull he is holding is of someone he knew
V.i.183 Imperious Caesar, dead and turned to clay who said it: hamletto whom: horatio situation: hamlet is standing among the graves and contemplating what happens to people’s bodies after they die. He talks about how the remains of even famed and great figures could be used to stop up holesmeaning: everyone is equal in death
V.i.213 Sweets to the sweet! who said it: Gertrude to whom: Ophelia’s bodysituation: the queen is throwing flowers on Ophelia’s grave and wistfully thinking that she had hoped Ophelia would be hamlet’s wife meaning: sweet flowers for a sweet girl
V.ii.10 There’s a divinity that shapes our ends who said it: hamletto whom: horatiosituation: hamlet is telling horatio about his journey on he way to England and how it is good to be rash and impulsive; hamlet grabbed and opened the document with the kings instructions and therefore was able to stop his own death meaning: there is a God guiding our actions
V.ii.194 …there’s a special providence in the fall of a sparrow who said it: hamletto whom: horatiosituation: horatio is cautioning hamlet that if he feels something is wrong then to not duel Laertes but hamlet replies that he can’t escape fate meaning: god controls everything, even a sparrows death