As You Like It – William Shakespeare

Monologue long piece of dialogue in a play by one character with others on stage that could hear him or her
Soliloquy long piece of dialogue in a play by one character alone on stage or with others but only speaking to themselves.
Pastoral Artificial literary mode or style, started in ancient Greece. Involves Sheppard’s, poets deeply in love, simple rustic savage people, yet very like able soft and gentle. Usually has a shepherdess that falls in love.
Meta-Theater reminds the audience that they are watching a play
Petrarchan denoting a sonnet of the kind used by the Italian poet Petrarch, with an octave rhyming abbaabba, and a sestet typically rhyming cdcdcd or cdecde or Loves the idea of being in love
Play-within-a-play A story within a story is a literary device in which one character within a narrative himself narrates
Epilogue A short poem or speech spoken directly to the audience following the conclusion of a play, or in a novel the epilogue is a short explanation at the end of the book which indicates what happens after the plot ends.
Where does everyone flee to after being exiled The forest of Ardenne
Rosalind -Daughter of Duke Senior-Falls in love with Orlando-Disguises as Ganymede (Means the lover of a man)
Orlando -Youngest son of Sir Rowland de Bois- Isn’t taken after by his brother after his father passes -flees to the forest of Ardenne
Duke Senior -Rosalind’s father-Rightful ruler of the Dukedom-Banished by his brother Fredrick
Jaques -Faithful lord that accompanies Duke Sr.-Example of a stock character -experiences extreme melancholy
stock character stereotypical character such as town drunk, nerd, etc
Celia -Daughter of Duke Fredrick-Rosalind’s BFF-In the forest of Ardenne disguises herself as a shepherdess named Aliena (meaning someone who is lost)-Falls in love and marries Oliver
Duke Fredrick -Brother of Duke Senior-Exiles Duke Sr. and Rosalind-In the end, gives the dukedom back and moves to a monastery
Oliver -Eldest son of Sir Rowland de Bois-Sole inheritor of the de Bois estate-Refuses to educate Orlando-Orlando saves him in the forest-In the end falls in love and marries Celia
Silvius -A young suffering shepherd- Falls in love with Phoebe (Petrachan love)-Wins the object of desire in the end
Phoebe -A young shepherdess -Disdains Silvias’ love-falls in love with Ganymede-Gets tricked into marrying Silvias
ORLANDO:As I remember, Adam, it was upon this fashion bequeathed me by will but poor a thousand crowns, and, as thou say’st, charged my brother, on his blessing, to breed me well; and there begins my sadness. My brother Jaques he keeps at school, and report speaks goldenly of his profit. For my part, he keeps me rustically at home, or, to speak more properly, stays me here at home unkept; for call you that “keeping” for a gentleman of my birth that differs not from the stalling of an ox? His horses are bred better, for, besides that they are fair with their feeding, they are taught their manège, and to that end riders dearly hired; but I, his brother, gain nothing under him but growth, for the which his animals on his dunghills are as much bound to him as I. Besides this nothing that he so plentifully gives me, the something that nature gave me his countenance seems to take from me. He lets me feed with his hinds, bars me the place of a brother, and as much as in him lies, mines my gentility with my education. This is it, Adam, that grieves me; and the spirit of my father, which I think is within me, begins to mutiny against this servitude. I will no longer endure it, though yet I know no wise remedy how to avoid it. -Orlando is one of three brothers, his father died and in his will he was left not much money, and for his brother to raise him and educate him.-Orlando is the youngest brother who feels he needs to gain his rights from his brother.• His brother jaques does not take care of him-Orlando compares his state with the state of an ox in a stable• His brother is treating him worse than an animal and not following their fathers wishes• Jaques is neglecting him-Orlando makes a reference to nature versus nurture-Jaques feeds him with the farm hands-Jaques is destroying the good in Orlando by taking away educationOrlando knows he has to do something about it.What place does a brother, sister or cousin have? Where does Orlando belong?
OLIVER: Know you where you are, sir?ORLANDO: Oh, sir, very well: here in your orchard.OLIVER: Know you before whom, sir?ORLANDO: Ay, better than him I am before knows me. I know you are my eldest brother, and in the gentle condition of blood you should so know me. The courtesy of nations allows you my better in that you are the first born; but the same tradition takes not away my blood, were there twenty brothers betwixt us. I have as much of my father in me as you, albeit I confess your coming before me is nearer to his reverence.OLIVER: What, boy![He strikes Orlando.]ORLANDO: Come, come, elder brother, you are too young in this. -Orlando appeals to Oliver as a brother, and human being-It is very important to Orlando that he has the same amount of blood of his father as his older brothers-Orlando wants to reverse the power balance (by changing ages)-Orlando is denied his status of a gentleman, and his home
ORLANDO: What passion hangs these weights upon my tongue? I cannot speak to her, yet she urged conference. – Orlando falls in love with Rosalind- although it is hard for him to express it to her• showing he is not quite ready to love
ROSALIND:Were it not better,Because that I am more than common tall,That I did suit me all points like a man?A gallant curtal-ax upon my thigh,A boar-spear in my hand, and — in my heartLie there what hidden woman’s fear there will -We’ll have a swashing and a martial outside,As many other mannish cowards haveThat do outface it with their semblances. – Rosalind decides that her and Celia should dress in costume to survive in the woods- Rosalind because of her height decides to dress as a man• Calls herself Ganymede o Means the lover of a man• I will act and dress not like a coward, even though I am scared-Celia changes her name to Aliena• meaning someone who is lost
DUKE SENIORNow, my co-mates and brothers in exile,Hath not old custom made this life more sweetThan that of painted pomp? Are not these woodsMore free from peril than the envious court?Here feel we not the penalty of Adam,The seasons’ difference, as the icy fangAnd churlish chiding of the winter’s wind,Which when it bites and blows upon my bodyEven till I shrink with cold, I smile and say”This is no flattery; these are counselorsThat feelingly persuade me what I am.”Sweet are the uses of adversity,Which, like the toad, ugly and venomous,Wears yet a precious jewel in his head;And this our life, exempt from public haunt,Finds tongues in trees, books in the running brooks,Sermons in stones, and good in everything. -Duke senior, cares about his man, refers them to brothers.-he believes the forest is free• the court is a toxic place, where as the woods are free, clean, and healthy- Forest Arden is a sort of heaven on earth -he is saying there is a bright side to being exiled• he doesn’t have to deal with the town and the court-he can find what he had in civilization in nature.