World History: The Industrial Revolution

McAdam improved road building
Gutenberg printing press
Kay flying shuttle
Hargreaves spinning jenny
Watt steam engine
Monasteries set an example for factories in strict discipline and precise work duties. true
The Crusades decreased Europe’s interest in travel and trade. false
Industrialized methods and inventions were used first in England in the_______industry. fabric
Two raw materials needed by early industry were cotton and coal. true
People who individually bought ownership in a corporation were called: stockholders
The disadvantages of factory life were endured largely by______. children
Factories were first powered by________then changed to______ power. water, steam
The Crusades were led by Catholic Turks to free the Holy Land from Muslim control. false
The production of goods by trained workers was necessary for trade to increase. true
Before the Industrial Revolution, craftsmen commonly worked at home. true
Many skilled workers and artisans left their trades and went to work in the factories. true
Steam locomotives provided a faster and safer means of transporting goods. true
The basic requirements needed by a nation for industrial growth are: work force, natural resources, sufficient capital
Early factors influencing the Industrial Revolution included: crusades, monasteries, capitalism of bankers
Changes brought about by the Industrial Revolution included: increased production, cheaper goods, better products
The early days of the Industrial Revolution: improved the economy, stifled the common man
The following industrial advantages enabled England to lead the way in Europe’s Industrial Revolution: a sufficient work force, enough natural resources, enough willing investors to invest in the industry
What advantages did the steam engine bring to industry? Enabled factories to be built away from water sources, boosted distribution, and increased production
Crusades wars to capture the Holy Land
Fulton Clermont
Whitney cotton gin
Stephenson Rocket
Industrial Revolution change from hand to machine
The system of standardized parts made possible the replacing of broken or worn parts instead of replacing the whole product true
Stockholders chose directors and enforced company policies. false
Factories were first powered by water and later by steam. true
Ford’s assembly-line production greatly reduced cost per unit true
Major goals of corporations were to eliminate competition and to increase profits. true
Cooper Tom-Thumb
Ford assembly line production
Bell telephone
Field transatlantic cable
Whitney standardized parts
Howe sewing machine
The world-wide change from manual labor to machines was called the (, , , ) Revolution. Industrial Revolution
The merging of several businesses into one is called a(n) consolidation
The European nation taking the lead in industry was: England
The main investors in the early industry of the United States were New England businessman
The United States’ first national road was called the _____ Road. Cumberland
At the time of the Civil War, the Northern economy was_______ , but the Southern economy was largely_______ industrial, agricultural
The exclusive control of a product by a business is called a(n)_______of that product. monopoly
Early European factors that led to the birth of industry were: The crusades, monasteries, early capitalism
Early American industry was given a boost by: war, transportation and communication improvements, new power sources, The embargo act, new production methods
Measures controlling the practices of corporations included: The Federal Trade Commission, the antitrust laws, Clayton antitrust act, labor laws
Corporations found success in using: modern machinery, superior production methods, disciplined organization and management
What factors and attitudes made the United States ripe for industrial growth? America’s abundant working class, natural resources, willing investors, and its desire to be better than England
Name two sources of power available to industry by the early 1900s. electrical, oil power
McAdam improved road construction
McCormick reaping machine
Wright airplane
Edison light bulb
Drake oil well
Watt steam engine
urbanization mass movement to the city
free enterprise freedom of private business to compete and to operate for a profit
laisezz-fairre opposed government intervention in private business
socialism collective or government ownership of production and distribution
collective bargaining negotiations between labor and management
capitalism private ownership and distribution of goods competitively in a free market
The Communist Manifesto is considered an important work on socialism. true
Marx and Engels wrote of the deplorable factory conditions in England false
Communists agree with the free enterprise system. false
Communists believe in the seizure of government by peaceful means. false
Labor unions gave a voice against employer abuse to factory workers. true
The law of supply and demand is foundational to a_______economy. laissez-faire
Factors improving the lives of factory workers included: labor improvement laws, books by Dickens and Disraeli, and labor unions
Social changes resulting from the Industrial Revolution included: urbanization, growing socialism, poor working and living conditions
What were the factors that gave rise to Communism? The many injustices and abuses of the working class by wealthy industrialists
stockholders investors in corporations who share in the profits
consolidation merger of several businesses into one
assembly line the piece by piece assembling of a product
monopoly exclusive control of a product
Federal Trade Commision controlled corporation practices
standardized parts interchangeable parts
Industrial Revolution change from manual labor to machine
Factory workers had their grievances heard through a process called: collective bargaining
Taxes placed on imported goods to raise their prices are called _____. tariffs

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