what is the significance of these hamlet quotes

a little more than kin and less than kind. hamlet is telling claudius that he is not his dad and he doesn’t like him.
seems, madam! nay, it is. i know not “seems”. no display of friend can show what hamlet really feels.
frailty, thy name is woman! hamlet felt his mother was weak, or not strong enough to mourn his father longer.
thrift, thrift, horatio! the funeral baked meats did coldly furnish forth the marriage tables. it’s all about saving money. the wedding was so soon after the funeral that they can use the leftovers from the funeral for the wedding banquet.
this above all: to thine own self be true, and it mist follow, as the night the day, thou canst not then be false to any man. polonius is telling laertes to be himself in france.
the time is out of joint. oh, cursed spite that ever i was born to set it right! something is not right in denmark and hamlet is destined to fix it.
what majesty should be, what duty is, what day is day, night night, and time is time, were nothing but to waste night, day, and time. therefore, since brevity is the soul of wit and tediousness the limbs and outward flourishes, i will be brief. polonius is explaining to the king and queen that he thinks hamlet is mad.
what a piece of work is a man! how noble i’m reason! how infinite in faculty! in form and moving how express and admirable! in action how like an angel! in apprehension how like a god! the beauty of the world! the paragons of animals! and yet, to me, what is this quintessence of dust? man delights not me — no, nor woman neither, though by your smiling you seem to say so. hamlet is talking about how complicated men are. men are unpredictable. hamlet is not interested in anything.
the plays the thing wherein i’ll catch the conscience of the king. the play is how hamlet will find out if claudius is guilty or not.
o good horatio, i’ll take the ghosts word for a thousand pound. didst perceive? hamlet will bet $1,000 the ghost was not lying.
oh shame! where is thy blush? where is your shame? why don’t you feel bad for your actions?
i must be cruel only to be kind. hamlet must be cruel to his mother only to be kind to save her from lapsing any further into sensuality and betrayal of king hamlet.
sweets to the sweet. gertrude’s sweets are funeral bouquets scattered in the grave of ophelia.
i am just killed with mine own treachery. laertes is about to die and says that his death is punishment for his bad actions.
the drink, the drink! i am poisoned. gertrude says this when she realizes that she has drank the poisened drink.
the king, the kings to blame. laertes says this when he is stabbed and he he admits everything to hamlet.