Unit Test Review

According to Aristotle, how are plot events related in a tragedy?through cause-and-effect relationshipsthrough allusions that impact moodthrough the songs of the chorusthrough random acts of chance through cause-and-effect relationships
What is the biggest obstacle that Antigone must overcome to achieve her goal?Eteocles’ rebellionIsmene’s reluctanceCreon’s decreeZeus’ anger Creon’s decree
Which character in Antigone by Sophocles is both a stock and static character?AntigoneCreonTeiresiasSophocles Teiresias
At which stage of the plot structure do conflicts build in intensity and complication?expositionclimaxrising actionfalling action rising action
Aristotle is credited with __________.creating dialogue on the stageadding a third character to the stagedefining tragedy and its elementsusing drama to highlight injustice defining tragedy and its elements
In scene 1, Creon suspects __________ motivated the person who buried Polyneices.consciencemoneyloyaltylove Money
In the Greek tragedy Antigone by Sophocles, which event(s) reveals Creon’s tragic downfall?the death of Antigonethe deaths of Eurydice and Haemonthe burial of Polyneicesthe sentencing of Antigone the deaths of Eurydice and Haemon
According to the parados, the ancient Greeks valued __________ in their culture.humilitypridefearhumor humility
The rhetorical appeal of logos relies on __________.the logic and reasoningthe speaker’s credibilitythe recipient’s emotionsthe tragic heroine’s flaw the logic and reasoning
According to Aristotle, what is the cause of the tragic hero or heroine’s suffering?hamartiadesislusisdithyramb hamartia
According to Aristotle, thought is the __________.use of dialogue to reveal thememost important element of tragedyuse of the chorus to reveal plotimitation of real-life situations use of dialogue to reveal theme
CHORUS:O Eros, the conqueror in every fight,Eros, who squanders all men’s wealth,who sleeps at night on girls’ soft cheeks,and roams across the ocean seasand through the shepherd’s hut—no immortal god escapes from you,nor any man, who lives but for a day.And the one whom you possess goes mad.Even in good men you twist their minds,perverting them to their own ruin.You provoke these men to family strife.Summarize the lines spoken by the Chorus, and explain what the passage reveals about the beliefs of the ancient Greek people. Responses may vary but should include some or all of the following information:Ode 3 identifies the god Eros as having complete control over the love lives of both immortals and mortals; no one can escape his power. He uses love to “possess” gods and humans and can drive them “mad.” In addition, he is able to “twist their minds” so that they make decisions leading to their “ruin” and “family strife.” The ode reveals that the ancient Greek people believed gods were powerful enough to control their thoughts: if a person made poor decisions as a result of being in love, it was not their fault because they were being controlled by Eros.
Explain the reasoning behind Ismene’s decision not to help Antigone bury Polyneices and what it reveals about the ancient Greek culture. Responses may vary but should include some or all of the following information:Ismene is fearful of breaking the law and facing death; however, she is not fearful of any punishment that may occur after death as a result of her disrespecting the gods. In addition to fear, she makes the argument that, because she is a woman, she should not be taking a stand against men. Her character reveals that the ancient Greek people had differing opinions about gender equality as well as who held the ultimate authority.
Read the excerpt below from the play Antigone by Sophocles and answer the question that follows.CREON:For there’s no greater evilthan a lack of leadership. That destroyswhole cities, turns households into ruins,and in war makes soldiers break and run away.When men succeed, what keeps their lives securein almost every case is their obedience.That’s why they must support those in control,and never let some woman beat us down.According to Creon’s argument, who does he believe holds the ultimate power and who is to blame for any ruin that falls upon a city? Responses may vary but should include some or all of the following information:Creon believes that the ultimate authority belongs to one leader. He believes a person’s success is dependent upon obedience to those in authority. He suggests that any turmoil in a city is the result of people acting against those in authority.
Read the excerpt below from the play Antigone by Sophocles and complete the instruction that follows. CHORUS:If he treats his country’s laws with due respectand honors justice by swearing on the gods,he wins high honors in his city.Explain what this passage reveals about the values of the ancient Greek people. The ancient Greek people valued the “country’s laws” and expected citizens to show “respect” to such laws. However, the people valued divine authority above human authority and expected their leaders to honor the gods through their laws. They believed that those who respected the gods and ruled according to divine authority would obtain “high honors” by the people.

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