TKAM Figurative Language (ENL)

Simile comparing two unlike things using words such as “like” or “as”Example: Jem’s white shirt tail dipped and bobbed like a small ghost. (p. 76)
Personification A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudesExample: Molasses buckets appeared from nowhere and the ceiling danced with metallic light. (p. 25)
Metaphor comparing two unlike things NOT using words such as “like” or “as”Example: Inside the house lived a malevolent phantom. (p. 10)
Onomatopoeia Imitates a soundExample: “Hush, Scout” said Jem. (p. 92)
Imagery Descriptive language that appeals to the five sensesExamples: Calpurnia was something else again. She was all angles and bones; she squinted. (p. 6)
Hyperbole an overstatement or exaggerationExample: …if I didn’t shut up [Jem] would pull every hair out of my head. (p. 137)
Alliteration words that have the same beginning sounds togetherExample: …bony mules hitched to Hoover carts flicked flies in the sweltering shade… (p. 5 – 6)
Idiom When someone uses a common phrase to say one thing but means anotherExample: No matter what anybody says, don’t you let ’em get your goat. (p. 101)”get your goat” means, make you upset
Symbolism When an object represents an abstract idea, feeling, or thoughtExample: A country’s flag (object) represents freedom and pride (feelings).
Allusion a reference to a famous person, place, or eventExample: Mr. Avery said it was written on the Rosetta Stone that when children disobeyed their parents… the seasons would change. Meaning: The Rosetta Stone is an old, famous tablet used to understand languages. Mr. Avery makes this reference to show the children that what he is saying is true and reliable, so they should listen to him.
Irony A statement that seems deliberately contrary (opposite) to what one expectsExample: “Miss Caroline told me to tell my father not to teach me any more, it would interfere with my reading.” (Ch. 2, p. 22)

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