Things Fall Apart

“The Second Coming” by W.B. Yeats (epigraph) “Turning and turning in the widening gyreThe falcon cannot hear the falconer; Things fall apart; the center cannot hold;mere anarchy is loosed upon the world
first sentence “Okonkwo was well known throughout the nine villages and even beyond. His fame rested on solid personal achievements.”
Last Sentence “He had already chosen the title of the book, after much thought: The Pacification of the Primitive Tribes of the Lower Niger”
Simile “Okonkwo was as slippery as a fish in water.”
Simile “Okonkwo’s fame had grown like a bush-fire in the harmattan.”
Okonkwo’s character “He had no patience with unsucessful men.”
Foreshadowing “The ill-fated lad was called Ikemefuna.”
Alliteration + Tragic Flaw “Okonkwo ruled his household with a heavy hand.”
Parent/child Conflict (Okonkwo and Unoka) “Okonkwo was ruled by one passion- to hate everything that his father Unoka had loved.”
Nwoye’s character “a sad-faced youth”
Public vs Private (Okonkwo) “Even Okonkwo himself became very fond of the boy- inwardly of course.”
Ezeani (priestess of the earth goddess Ani) “The evil you have done can ruin the whole clan.”
Parent/child Conflict (Nwoye and Okonkwo) “Nwoye overheard it and burst into tears, whereupon his father beat him heavily.”
Nwoye’s Change- Onomatopoeia + Simile “Something seemed to give way inside him, like the snapping of a tightened bow.”
Public vs Private (Okonkwo + Ezinma) “She should have been a boy.”
Hyperbole (market) “There are so many people on it that if you threw up a grain of sand it would not find a way to fall to earth again.”
Passion vs Responsibility (Okonkwo) “His life had been ruled by a great passion- to become one of the lords of the clan.”
Metaphor (Okonkwo) “Okonkwo’s eyes were opened and he saw the whole matter clearly. Living fire begets cold, impotent ash. he sighed again, deeply.”
Parent/child Conflict “I will only have a son who is a man.”
Reverend James Smith condemns Mr. Brown’s policy of compromise and accommodation “He saw things as black and white And black was evil.”
Okonkwo’s character “Okonkwo was choked with hate.”
Obierika about Okonkwo “That man was one of the greatest men in Umuofia. You drove him to kill himself; and now he will be buried like a dog…”
Irony with Distric Commissioner “Perhaps not a whole chapter but a reasonable paragraph at any rate.”
woman; also used of a man who has taken no title agbala
personal god chi
masquerader who impersonates one of the ancestral spirits of the village egwugwu
showing off, bragging inyanga
shout of approval and greeting kwenu
court messenger (not of Ibo origins but of corruption of “court messenger”) kotma
shout of approval or greeting kwenu
elders ndichie
large living quarters of the head of the family obi
murder or manslaughter ochu
a changeling; a child who repeatedly dies and returns to its mother to be reborn. It is almost impossible to bring up an __ child without it dying, unless it iyi-uwa is firs tfound and destroyed obanje
musical instrument; a kind of gong ogene
an outcast. having been dedicated to a god, the osu was taboo and was not allowed to mix with the freeborn in any way osu
name of one of the titles or ranks ozo
a curse or oath tufia
author Chinua Achebe
publication date 1958
# Parts 3
# Chapters 25
Part 1 Chapters 1-13 Umuofia
Part 2 Chapters 14-19 in Mbanta
Part 3 Chapters 20-25 Umuofia
Point of View 3rd Person Omniscient
time period and country 1890s SW Africa Nigeria, Umuofia, Mbanta
protagonist Okonkwo
Okonkwo’s village Umuofia
Okonkwo’s clan Ibo
Okonkwo’s dad Unoka
Okonkwo’s BF Obierika
Okonkwo’s son Nwoye
Okonkwo’s adopted son Ikemefuna
Okonkwo’s favorite daughter Ezinma
Okonkwo’s motherland Mbanta
Epigraph and author “The Second Coming” by W. B. Yeats
missionary interpreter Mr. Kiaga
2 white missionaries Mr. Brown, Reverend James Smith
Oracle of the Hills and Caves Agbala
Earth goddess Ani
Ancestral Spirits egwugwu dressed up to impersonate; Okonkwo kept his symbols of these in a wooden box and gave sacrifices of kola nut to
Oldest man in Umuofia Ogbuefi Ezeudu
16 year old boy Okonkwo accidentally kills Ezeudo’s son
Okonkwo’s uncle Uchendu
Okonkwo’s 1st wife Nwoye’s mother
Okonkwo’s 2nd wife Ekwifi (Ezinma’s mother)
Okonkwo’s 3rd wife Ojiugo
Okonkwo’s youngest wife Ojiugo
Umuofian who unmasked an egwugwu Enoch

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