The Tragedy of Julius Caesar

Explain the differences among denotative meaning, connotative meaning, and figurative language. Responses may vary but should include some or all of the following information:Denotative meaning is straightforward and specific to the dictionary meaning of the words used. There is no hidden meaning, and there is no social meaning that implies something beyond the literal definition of the word.Connotative meaning deals with the emotion evoked by a word; words are described as having a positive or negative quality.Figurative language is words or phrases that creatively define something rather than stating an exact definition. It uses similes, metaphors, and personification.
Which theme exemplifies the dispute between Mark Antony and Octavius at the opening of act 5? Betrayal accompanies the quest for power.
ANTONY:Villains, . . . You showed your teeth like apes, and fawned like hounds,And bowed like bondmen, kissing Caesar’s feet,Whilst damn├Ęd Casca, like a cur1, behindStruck Caesar on the neck.1. A wild dog.How does the bolded figurative language add meaning to the scene that Mark Antony is describing? The use of the words “like a cur” creates a visual image of Casca attacking Caesar like a wild dog.
CASSIUS:Messala,This is my birthday . . . .Now I change my mind,And partly credit things that do presage. . . .Two mighty eagles fell . . . .And in their steads do ravens, crows, and kitesFly o’er our heads and downward look on us,As we are sickly prey. Their shadows seemA canopy most fatal under whichOur army lies, ready to give up the ghost.How does Cassius’ use of figurative language in the bolded lines foreshadow the possible fate of his and Brutus’ army? By using figurative language, Shakespeare creates a visual image of Octavius’ army overtaking them like inescapable death. Cassius’ words foreshadow later events in act 5.
Which armies fight the Battle of Philippi? Mark Antony and Octavius vs. Brutus and Cassius
BRUTUS:Think not, thou noble Roman,That ever Brutus will go bound to Rome.He bears too great a mind. But this same dayMust end that work the ides of March begun . . . .The excerpt above is from Brutus’ farewell speech to Cassius. How do Brutus’ words highlight the theme of honor in The Tragedy of Julius Caesar? Brutus’ honor will not allow him to return to Rome “bound,” or as a prisoner of Octavius’ army. He assassinated Caesar to end such tyranny.
BRUTUS:Words before blows: is it so, countrymen?OCTAVIUS:Not that we love words better, as you doBRUTUS:Good words are better than bad strokes, Octavius.ANTONY:In your bad strokes, Brutus, you give good words.Witness the hole you made in Caesar’s heart,Crying “Long live, hail Caesar!”How does Shakespeare use language in this excerpt to create tension in the plot? Shakespeare has the men engage in a war of words before a war with swords. Rather than engage in lofty rhetoric, these powerful men are reduced to slinging insults at each other. From their words, the audience is prepared for the violent conflict that will result from this tension.
CASSIUS:A peevish1 schoolboy, worthless of such honor,Joined with a masquer and a reveller2!ANTONY:Old Cassius still!OCTAVIUS:Come, Antony, away!Defiance, traitors, hurl we in your teeth.If you dare fight today, come to the field.If not, when you have stomachs3.1. Silly.2. Party goers.3. The guts; the nerve.How does this exchange contribute to Shakespeare’s overall purpose in The Tragedy of Julius Caesar? Powerful men are reduced to petty insults and violence.
ANTONY:Octavius, lead your battle softly onUpon the left hand of the even field.OCTAVIUS:Upon the right hand, I; keep thou the left.ANTONY:Why do you cross me in this exigent?OCTAVIUS:I do not cross you, but I will do so.How does this exchange show the tension between Mark Antony and Octavius? This exchange shows disagreement over military strategy; it recalls the disagreement between Mark Antony and Octavius in act 4 over Lepidus’ suitability for a role in the Second Triumvirate. It also foreshadows the future downfall of Rome as a result of their disagreement and hostility.
BRUTUS:No, Cassius, no.Think not, thou noble Roman,That ever Brutus will go bound to Rome.He bears too great a mind. But this same dayMust end that work the ides of March begun;And whether we shall meet again I know not.Therefore our everlasting farewell take.For ever and for ever farewell, Cassius.If we do meet again, why, we shall smile.If not, why then, this parting was well made.CASSIUS:For ever and for ever farewell, Brutus.If we do meet again, we’ll smile indeed.If not, ’tis true this parting was well made.What is the tone of this exchange between Brutus and Cassius? Give specific examples of words that support your answer. The tone of this exchange is sincere. These two friends face the potentiality of their deaths, acknowledge it, and say goodbye. Brutus’ sincerity is shown in his use of these words: “everlasting farewell take/For ever and for ever farewell, Cassius./If we do meet again, why, we shall smile.” Cassius echoes his words: “For ever and for ever farewell, Brutus./If we do meet again, we’ll smile indeed.”

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