The structure of a Shakespearean play with examples from Macbeth

Exposition- Setting 11th century, Scotland. Sets a dark mysterious mood also a joyous time because they were winning the war
Inciting force- incident that introduces the conflict When Macbeth and Banquo hear the witches prophecy
Hamartia- errors of judgement, mistakes he makes because of his arrogance Kills King Duncan, Kills Banquo and does not tell Lady Macbeth, his ambition and Lady Macbeth’s influence
Crisis- turning point in the fortunes of the tragic protagonist, consequences of the hamartia Seeing Banquo’s ghost, later goes back to the witches for prophecies
Tragic Force- follows closely after the crisis Macbeth kills Macduff’s family, and Ross tells Macduff that his family is dead and Macduff is now eager to kill Macbeth
Moment of Final Suspense- A brief moment it as appears that the protagonist will escape their downfall He believes that Macduff cannot kill him because he is born of a women and when they fight he tells Macduff that he can’t be defeated
Catastrophe- death of protagonist Macduff kills Macbeth
Glimpse of Restored Order Malcolm becoming king etc.

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