The Odyssey Test: Part 1

Anticlea Odysseus’ mom who died of grief.
Tiresias A blind prophet that prophesies to Odysseus’ about how to get home to Ithica
Circe The beautiful witch-goddess who transforms Odysseus’s crew into swine when he lands on her island. With Hermes’ help, Odysseus resists Circe’s powers and then becomes her lover, living in luxury at her side for a year.
Eurycleia Odysseus’ old nurse
Calypso The beautiful nymph who falls in love with Odysseus when he lands on her island-home of Ogygia. Calypso holds him prisoner there for seven years until Hermes, the messenger god, persuades her to let him go.
Antinous The most arrogant of Penelope’s suitors. Antinous leads the campaign to have Telemachus killed. Unlike the other suitors, he is never portrayed sympathetically, and he is the first to die when Odysseus returns.
Telemachus Odysseus’s son. An infant when Odysseus left for Troy, Telemachus is about twenty at the beginning of the story. He is a natural obstacle to the suitors desperately courting his mother, but despite his courage and good heart, he initially lacks the poise and confidence to oppose them. His maturation, especially during his trip to Pylos and Sparta in Books 3 and 4, provides a subplot to the epic. Athena often assists him.
Hermes Messenger of the gods. He helps Odysseus defeat Circe and get away from Calypso.
Mentes Son of Anchialus, Athena disguises as him and speaks to Telemachus in book 1; inspires him to go find Odysseus
Hades God of the underworld who, although not a character in the Odyssey is a place.
Tartarus The underworld which, although called Hades in the book, is the place Odysseus visits after Circe
The Sirens In this section, the Crew passes horrible monsters that lure men to their deaths with their beautiful voices. Odysseus avoids this by putting Beeswax in his men’s ears and tying himself to the post. Odysseus, who doesn’t have beeswax in his ears, is affected to the brink of madness. The crew makes it safely.
Charybdis A ship-devouring whirlpool woman monster lying on the other side of a narrow strait from Scylla
Scylla a dangerous rock in the Straits of Messina, personified as a female monster with six heads who devoured passing sailors
Polyphemus One of the Cyclopes (uncivilized one-eyed giants) whose island Odysseus comes to soon after leaving Troy. Polyphemus imprisons Odysseus and his crew and tries to eat them, but Odysseus blinds him through a clever ruse and manages to escape. In doing so, however, Odysseus angers Polyphemus’s father, Poseidon.
Elphenor crewman who broke his neck on Circe’s roof
Tantalus He was a Greek mythological figure, most famous for his eternal punishment in Tartarus. He was made to stand in a pool of water beneath a fruit tree with low branches, with the fruit ever eluding his grasp, and the water always receding before he could take a drink.
Ajax Defeated by Odysseus in a contest for Achillies armor
Sisyphus A king in ancient Greece who offended Zeus and whose punishment was to roll a huge boulder to the top of a steep hill each time the boulder neared the top it rolled back down and he was forced to start again
Hercules A mythical Greek hero renowned for his great strength and especially for performing 12 labors imposed on him by Hera
Aeolus Master of the winds, he helps Odysseus get within viewing distance of Ithaca but later abandons the voyager, concluding that anyone so unlucky must be cursed.
Ino A Greek goddess who gives Odysseus a cloak that saves him and than retrieves the cloak
Menelaus King of Sparta, brother of Agamemnon, and husband of Helen, he helped lead the Greeks in the Trojan War. He offers Telemachus assistance in his quest to find Odysseus when Telemachus visits him in Book 4.
Homer “Author” of The Odyssey who there isn’t known much about
Penelope Wife of Odysseus and mother of Telemachus. She spends her days in the palace pining for the husband who left for Troy twenty years earlier.
Persephone Wife of Hades
Athena Goddess of wisdom that helps Odysseus out again and again in an effort to get him home
Odysseus (main character) Son of Laertes and Anticleia, husband of Penelope and father of Telemachus. A cunning, shrewd and eloquent hero. Came up with the idea of the Trojan horse which led the Greeks to victory against Troy. “Man of many wiles”.
Laestrygonians giant cannibals who threw rocks at ships and drowned crew and 11 ships
Cicones Thracian tribe whose capital city s raided by Odysseus after leaving Troy. They killed six men from each ship because the men stayed on the island long enough for them to get help.
Cimmerians River of Ocean to perform libations to invoke the dead and travel to the underworld as Circe had suggested he do
Helios Sun god, Odysseus’ crew ate his cattle and were all granted with death.
Naussica Daughter of alcinous and arete, finds Odysseus on the shores of Phaeicia
Arete Queen of the Phaeacians, wife of Alcinous, and mother of Nausicaa. Arete is intelligent and influential. Nausicaa tells Odysseus to make his appeal for assistance to Arete.
Agammemnon King of Mycenae and commander of Greeks at Troy; brother of Menelaus; killed by wife Clytemnestra and her lover Aegisthus
Elements of an Epic Poem In Medias Res, Invocation, Statement of the Theme, Epithets, Catalogues, Epic Digressions, gods intervine, Many Settings, Epic Simile, Hero’s represent cultures values, Long and Formal Speeches
In Medias Res Latin for “in the midst of things;” one of the conventions of epic poetry
Invocation a prayer
Statement of the Theme At the start of a poem, state the outcome
Epithets Renaming of a character already introduced
Catalogues visual and verbal listings of products that are used extensively
Epic Digressions Something that doesn’t advance the plot at all just reminding the audience what was going on
Gods Intervine Gods that intervene to help get their desired outcome
Many Settings Epic Poem quality where many places are used
Long and Formal Speeches they could happen in the heat of a battle or other inappropriate times, but usually at various kinds of meetings
Epic Simile A simile developed over several lines of verse
Hero Represents Cultures Values Epic Poem element where character embodies society’s values
What did Athena tell Telemachus to do? “so it’s up to you”1. Call Assembly2. Launch a ship 3. Sail to Pylos4. Go to Sparta5.Kill Suiters
What is prophesied by three people for Odysseus? 1. Get home Late2. Other men living in your halls3. Get home in someone else ship4. Shipmates all dead
Ismaros First place. A place filled with cicones. They savage the place. And although Odysseus told them to leave they stayed and six men from each ship died.
Land of the Lotus Eaters Second place. the fruit found there made Odysseus’ men stop longing for home
Cyclops’s Island Third Place. The men get trapped in a cave with a stone that would take 12 wagons to move. The cyclops eats men and they escape by riding under the sheep. They blind Polyphemus and when Odysseus tells the him his name the cyclops asks his dad to curse the men
Island of Aeolus Fourth Place. gave Odysseus a bag of wind and told him not to open it; Odysseus’s men opened it and they got brought back to the island and Aeolus thought they were cursed
Lystragonia Fifth place. Land of giant man eaters who destroy 11 ships out of the 12
Circe’s Island Sixth Place. Men are turned to pigs and Odysseus eats a plant from Hermes to resist Circe, he sleeps with her for a year and she changes his men.
Underworld 7th Place. Odysseus goes there, digs L shaped pit, sacrifices animal, and talks Tireseus. He also talks to his mother.
Sirens 8th Place. Odysseus sails by with his men’s ears full of wax and him going mad.
Scylla and Charybdis 9th place. 6 men are eaten by Scylla and later all but Odysseus is eaten by Charybdis
Helio’s Island There 10th place. They killed the cows they weren’t suppose to kill. Zeus gets mad and sends a lightning bolt to hit their ship. Everyone dies but Odysseus. Athena guides him to Calypso’s island.
Ogygia His 11th place. Home of Calypso where Odysseus is held captive for seven years
Phasains Last stop before home. Nausicca finds Odysseus and brings him to the king who sends him home. with riches
Trojan Warriors Hector, Paris
Greek Warriors Achilles, Ajax, Agamemnon, Odysseus,
Who started the Trojan War? Paris from stealing Helen

You Might Also Like