The Odyssey

Who wrote “The Odyssey” Homer
Protagonist Odysseus
Antagonist Gods/godesses, Odysseus
Mood Adventureous
Tone Scared and excited
Conflict Character v. supernatural (Odysseus v. gods(esses)
Point of View Third person omniscient
Theme Pride, perseverance
Exposition Odysseus is the main character and hero. He is trying to get back to Ithaca.
Setting Mediterranean Sea
Rising Action 1. Helps win war2. Runs into many monsters/creatures3. Men die and he gets in trouble with the gods
Climax Odysseus string the bow and shoots the arrow through the axe heads
Falling Action 1. He reveals himself to the suitors2. He kills the suitors.3. Tested by Penelope
Resolution Reunited with Penelope!
What was the effect of the Lotus plant? When eaten, the Lotus makes you never want to leave a place.
How heavy is the door of the Cyclops’ cave? The door was incredibly heavy (weighed tons).
What was the first villainous deed of the Cyclops? He ate 2 of Odysseus’ men.
Why doesn’t Odysseus kill the Cyclops when he has the chance? Odysseus knew that if he killed him, he would also die because he wouldn’t be able to open the door.
What does Odysseus give the Cyclops as a gift? Strong wine
What do we find out the Cyclops’ name is? Polythemus
What gift does the Cyclops give Odysseus? He will eat Odysseus last.
What does Odysseus tell the Cyclops that his many is? Nohbdy
How do Odysseus and his men sneak out of the Cyclops’ cave? The tie themselves to the bellies of the Cyclops’ sheep.
What foolish act does Odysseus do that reveals his human flaw? He yells to the Cyclops after he escapes, showing his pride.
What did a soothsayer predict would happen to Polythemus? He predicted that the Cyclops would loose an eye to a great hero (Odysseus)
What does the Cyclops ask Poseidon to do for him? He asks his father (Poseidon) to make sure Odysseus never gets home, and if he does he should loose all his companions.
Who is the god of the wind? Aeolus is the wind god.
What favor does Aeolus do for Odysseus and his men? He gave Odysseus a wind to blow him home to Ithaca and a bag holding all the unfavorable stormy winds.
What stupid mistake do some of the men make on the ship? Some of them open the wind bag when Odysseus isn’t watching. They get blown back to Aeolus’ island.
How do even more men die after the bag accident? The ship is attacked by cannibals.
What does Circe do to some of Odysseus’ men? She turns them into pigs.
How does Odysseus get her to release his men? He talks her into it by saying he can’t eat until his men are released.
Why should Odysseus be wary of the Sirens? They lure sailors with their songs. They “sing minds away”.
What should Odysseus and his men do to keep safe from the Sirens? They should steer wide and plug their ears with beeswax.
Describe the Scylla. The Scylla is a huge monster with 12 legs, 6 heads, and triple rows of fangs.
What will Charybdis do if Odysseus’ ship gets too close. Charybdis is a personified whirlpool so she will swallow the ship
What doesn’t Odysseus tell his men? He doesn’t tell them about Scylla or Charybdis and that many of them will be killed.
Describe the circumstances of Odysseus’ shipmates’ deaths. Is it Odyssus’ fault? Zeus sinks the ship with lightning to appease Helios. Odysseus is the only survivor. Helios was angry because Odysseus’ men ate his cattle
Whom does Odysseus trust to help him defeat the suitors? He trusts his son (Telemachus) and his two faithful servants (Eumaeus and Philoetius)
Why don’t the men want Odysseus to try to string the bow? They don’t want him to string the bow because he is disguised as a beggar and that would look bad.
How does Odysseus prove his true identity? He successfully strings his bow.
What did Odysseus prove about his abilities when he shot the arrow through the twelve axes? Why is that important? He proved that he is skilled. It is important now because he must go up against the suitors.
Whom does Odysseus kill first and why? He killed Antinous first because he was trying to bid his wife while he was away.
How does Eurymachos plead his case with Odysseus? He begs, saying “Antinous is leader and we’ll repay you.”
How does Penelope test Odysseus? He asks him why the bed can’t be moved.
Why does Penelope test Odysseus? She wants to make sure that it’s really him and not an imposter.
When was “The Odyssey” written? Around 800 B.C. in Greece

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