The Iliad and the Odyssey

Who is Homer, and where is he from? A Greek blind poet who wrote epics, specifically the Iliad and Odyssey.
Iliad 750 BCE an epic poem by Homer, about the Trojan War story of Greek hero Achilles
Odyssey about 675-725 bce (noun) a long wandering and eventful journey; a Greek epic poem (attributed to Homer) describing the journey of Odysseus after the fall of Troy
Who is Odysseus? The king of Ithaca, main character in the Odyssey.
What is Odysseus known for and what does he have to overcome? He is known for his strength and courage and ability to use trickery to overcome obstacles. He had to overcome Monsters and tricky women.
Who is Odysseus’ wife? Penelope
Who is Odysseus’ son? Telemachus
How long was the Trojan War? 10 years
How long was the journey home? 10 years
What is the Trojan Horse? The Trojan Horse is a tale from the Trojan War about the subterfuge that the Greeks used to enter the city of Troy and win the war.
What role to gods and goddesses play in the Odyssey? They argued about Odysseus and cast out storms and rivalry
What goddess is on the side of Odysseus? Athena the goddess of wisdom and war
What god is against Odysseus? Aphrodite or Poseidon
How were epics and tales originally told and by whom? orally by anyone
Epic Hero the main character or protagonist in an epic that heroically larger than life, often the source and subject of a legend or a national hero
Epic Plot involves a long journey, full of complications, such as strange creatures, large-scale events, divine interventions, treacherous weather
Epic Setting Includes fantastic or exotic lands; involves more than one nation
Epic Archetypes Every epic includes these–characters, image, and situations recognized in many cultures/times such as sea monster, buried treasure, suitors’ contest, epic hero and wicked temptress.
Epic Themes reflect such universal concerns as: courage, the fate of the nation, homecoming, beauty, life and death, loyalty
Epic Simile A simile developed over several lines of verse, esp. one used in an epic poem.
Epithet A descriptive name or phrase used to characterize someone or something
Allusion A brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance.
Alliteration/Consonance Repeated beginning consonant sounds. Example: The fog filtered over the field finally hiding the fence.
Assonance Repetition of similar vowel sound ex) Men sell the wedding bells
Imagery Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
Figurative Language Writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid

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