The Great Gatsby Test Review

Fitzgerald coined the term _ _ _ _ age? Jazz
Fitzgeralds influences were? Alcohol and aspirations
Is Fitzgeralds life similar to Jay Gatsby? Yes
Jay Gatsby was about how old? 30
He was rich/poor in his childhood? poor
Initially, Gatsby is presented as? An aloof host of gaudy parties
What was his original name? James Gatz
He believes in illusion – true or false? True
As the novel develops Gatsby is ever persistent in pursuing Daisy – what does he not realize? His dream is not worthy of himself
As his dream of Daisy disintergrates what is revealed? The corruption that wealth causes
Gatsby is juztaposed (compared) mainly with two characters – who? Tom Buchanan and Nick Carraway
What does the juztaposition (comparison) of Nick and Gatsby comment on? Gatsby is passionate and active, and Nick is sober and reflective.
Nick Carraway plays what role? Narrator
Nick’s role as the narrator As readers, we only know what Nick tells us
How old is Nick? 30
What does Nick do? Bonds Man
He opens the book exposing himself as… honest and reserved
He (Nick) confides in the book that… (Q) “I’m inclined to reserve all judgements,”
Nicks inner conflict is symbolised by who? Jordan Baker
Daisy is the cousin of who? Nick
Daisy believed Gatsby was? Wealthy
Daisy married who? Tom Buchanan
Daisy can be described as? Fickle, not satisfied
What does this end quote mean “They were careless people, Tom and Daisy they sashed up things and creatures and then retreated back into their money or their vast carelessness.” (Q) Their wealth made them careless with other people’s lives. They didn’t have to deal with the consequences of their actions.
Daisy proves her real nature by what decision? Choosing Tom over Gatsby
Who is the author of The Great Gatsby? The author is F. Scott Fitzgerald.
In what year was the book written? The book was written in 1925.
Who is the narrator of The Great Gatsby? The narrator is Nick Carraway.
Where did Nick and Tom go to college? They went to Yale. Nick graduated in 1915.
How are Tom and Daisy related to Nick? Nick is Daisy’s cousin once removed. Tom is Daisy’s husband.
Why does Nick move back East? He moves East to learn the bond business.
Who lives in the West Egg? Nick and Gatsby live in the West Egg.
Who lives in the East Egg? Tom and Daisy live in the East Egg.
Who are George and Myrtle Wilson? George owns a garage in the Valley of Ashes. Myrtle is his wife, who is also Tom’s mistress.
Who is Nick’s famous neighbor? His neighbor is Gatsby.
Where did Tom and Daisy live prior to the East Egg? They lived in Chicago and spent time in France.
What is Gatsby doing at the end of Chapter 1? He is standing at the end of his dock, arms open trembling and seems to be staring at a green light.
How did the idea of the American Dream apply to the 1920s? It was originally about discovery and the pursuit of happiness. The 1920s was an era of decayed social and moral values. Prosperity and material excess have corrupted this dream in the 1920s.
What symbol seems to overlook the Valley of Ashes? It is the sign of Dr. TJ Eckleburg.
Who lives in the Valley of Ashes? George and Myrtle Wilson live in the Valley of Ashes.
Why can’t Tom marry Myrtle? Tom tells Myrtle that his wife (Daisy) is Catholic, and he can’t get a divorce.
What is the first rumor we learn about Gatsby? The first rumor is that he is the nephew or cousin of Kaiser Wilhelm.
What were other rumors/facts about Gatsby from Chapter 3? He killed a man once.He was a German spy during the war.All the books in his library are real.He was in the American army during the war.
Nick first describes Gatsby as full of hope and romantic readiness
West Egg Gatsby and Nick live here, home to new money, gaudy and flamboyant, people that made their money through hard work and aren’t afraid to show it
East Egg Tom, Daisy, and Jordan live here, home to old money, classy. People were born into wealth.
Valley of Ashes George and Myrtle live here, Poor area, scene of death, located between east and west egg
NYC Apartment Rich and over crowded, very gaudy and unlike East Egg, paid for by Tom to have affair with Daisy in
NYC Hotel Gatsby loses grip on Daisy, Tom confronts Jay
Tom Buchanan Daisy’s immensely wealthy husband, once a member of Nick’s social club at Yale. Powerfully built and hailing from a socially solid old family, Tom is an arrogant, hypocritical bully. His social attitudes are laced with racism and sexism, and he never even considers trying to live up to the moral standard he demands from those around him.
Daisy Buchanan Nick’s cousin, and the woman Gatsby loves. As a young woman in Louisville before the war, Daisy was courted by a number of officers, including Gatsby. She fell in love with Gatsby and promised to wait for him. However, Daisy harbors a deep need to be loved, and when a wealthy, powerful young man named Tom Buchanan asked her to marry him, Daisy decided not to wait for Gatsby after all. Now a beautiful socialite, Daisy lives with Tom across from Gatsby in the fashionable East Egg district of Long Island. She is sardonic and somewhat cynical, and behaves superficially to mask her pain at her husband’s constant infidelity.
Jordan Baker Daisy’s friend, a woman with whom Nick becomes romantically involved during the course of the novel. A competitive golfer, Jordan represents one of the “new women” of the 1920s—cynical, boyish, and self-centered. Jordan is beautiful, but also dishonest: she cheated in order to win her first golf tournament and continually bends the truth.
Nick Carraway The novel’s narrator, Nick is a young man from Minnesota who, after being educated at Yale and fighting in World War I, goes to New York City to learn the bond business. Honest, tolerant, and inclined to reserve judgment, Nick often serves as a confidant for those with troubling secrets. After moving to West Egg, a fictional area of Long Island that is home to the newly rich, Nick quickly befriends his next-door neighbor, the mysterious Jay Gatsby. As Daisy Buchanan’s cousin, he facilitates the rekindling of the romance between her and Gatsby. The Great Gatsby is told entirely through Nick’s eyes; his thoughts and perceptions shape and color the story.
Jay Gatsby The title character and protagonist of the novel, Gatsby is a fabulously wealthy young man living in a Gothic mansion in West Egg. He is famous for the lavish parties he throws every Saturday night, but no one knows where he comes from, what he does, or how he made his fortune. As the novel progresses, Nick learns that Gatsby was born James Gatz on a farm in North Dakota; working for a millionaire made him dedicate his life to the achievement of wealth. When he met Daisy while training to be an officer in Louisville, he fell in love with her. Nick also learns that Gatsby made his fortune through criminal activity, as he was willing to do anything to gain the social position he thought necessary to win Daisy. Nick views Gatsby as a deeply flawed man, dishonest and vulgar, whose extraordinary optimism and power to transform his dreams into reality make him “great” nonetheless.
Myrtle Gorgeous wife, cheats on him with tom, gets run over by daisy when she runs into the street thinking she is running at tom,
George Wilson Myrtle’s husband, the lifeless, exhausted owner of a run-down auto shop at the edge of the valley of ashes. George loves and idealizes Myrtle, and is devastated by her affair with Tom. George is consumed with grief when Myrtle is killed. George is comparable to Gatsby in that both are dreamers and both are ruined by their unrequited love for women who love Tom.
Meyer Wolfsheim Gatsby’s friend, a prominent figure in organized crime. Before the events of the novel take place, Wolfsheim helped Gatsby to make his fortune bootlegging illegal liquor. His continued acquaintance with Gatsby suggests that Gatsby is still involved in illegal business.
Slagle After Gatsby’s death, (man) called to discuss another heist which he wanted Jay to participate in. Hangs up, shows he uses Gatsby and doesnt care about him
Owl Eyes The eccentric, bespectacled drunk whom Nick meets at the first party he attends at Gatsby’s mansion. Nick finds Owl Eyes looking through Gatsby’s library, astonished that the books are real.
Henry C. Gatz Gatsby’s father. He showed up at Gatsby’s funeral showing Nick old photos of Gatsby and talking about how proud he was of him. He also showed Nick a book that showed Gatsby’s motivations (the schedule)
Father who was proud of his son’s accomplishments? Henry Gatz (Jay Gatsby’s father)
What was in the Hopalong Cassidy book that Henry Gatz showed Nick? It shows Gatsby’s desire to get ahead, want for self-improvement, and his romantic spirit
Klipspringer The shallow freeloader who seems almost to live at Gatsby’s mansion, taking advantage of his host’s money. As soon as Gatsby dies, Klipspringer disappears—he does not attend the funeral, but he does call Nick about a pair of tennis shoes that he left at Gatsby’s mansion.
Dan Cody Worldly mentor of Jay Gatsby. He took Gatsby under his wing when Gatsby was a young man and taught him much about living adventurously and pursuing dreams.
What does Wilson call “the Eyes of God”? The Eyes of Dr. TJ Eckleburg are symbolic of God’s presence in the novel. Dr. Eckleburg’s eyes watch over everything that happens in the Valley of Ashes, yet does act on anything because of the transparent barrier that is his glasses. Many people ignore the Eyes as they speed through the valley of ashes, representing the shift away from religious lifestyles after WWI. The people who depend on God the most are the people who live in the valley of ashes: the poor, downtrodden people who don’t have hope in a consumerism-driven world.
Green Light Symblolic of hope for Gatsby that he can go back to the way things were with Daisy, obviously false
Gatsbys library/books Shows Gatsby is a fraud, spotted by owl eyes
Matlepiece Clock Represents illusion vs reality, how Gatsby thinks he can literally use his hands to turn back time
Gatsbys shirts His wealth
American Dream Gatsby and Nick – Seeking happiness, reason why Nick moves East
Culture Clash East Egg v West Egg v Valley o Ashes. Shows contrasting life styles through settings
Who cries in the car after Myrtle’s death? Tom
Why dies Gatsby throw big parties? He hoped Daisy would come to one.
What does Wolfsheim tell Nick about Gatsby? He’s the type of guy who doesn’t cheat on his wife. Someone you can take home to your mother.
Where did Gatsby meet Daisy for the second time? What was the general feeling at their meeting? Nick’s house for tea. Very awkward.
Hypocrisy Theme Fitzgerald shows that people expect more out of others than they expect from themselves.
Materialism Theme Fitzgerald shows that values are placed on what you have not who you are.
“Nouveau Riche” (New Money) vs. Old Money Theme If you have money society will still judge you whether its old or new money.
Character whose voice sounds “full of money” Daisy
At the end of the novel, Nick calls Tom and Daisy Careless people who smash things up and let other people clean up the mess

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