The Crucible Act 4

1. Why has Reverend Hale returned to Salem? Rev. Hale returned to Salem to pray with the people who are condemned to hang
2.What is Reverend Hale advising the condemned to do? Rev. Hale advises that the condemned confess. He knows these confessions are lies, but he thinks it is better to risk their souls by lying than to outright give up their lives.
3.What does Reverend Parris reveal about his niece, Abigail? Rev. Parris reveals that Abigail and Mercy Lewis have stolen all of his money and run off in the night.
4. What is the condition of Salem at this point? The condition of Salem at this point is that so many are in the jails, the town has gone deserted, farms are empty and broken up, cows are wandering the road because nobody is around to tend, or mend fences.
5.How does Andover differ from Salem? The people of Andover rose up against the court and threw them out.
6.How do the proposed hangings of Rebecca Nurse and John Proctor differ from the past executions? Rebecca Nurse and John Proctor are respectable people, not outcasts.
7.What does Reverend Parris want Danforth to do? Rev. Parris wants Danforth to postpone, not cancel, the hangings. He is still just looking out for himself because there was a knife in his door one morning. He is worried that the town will rise up and blame him.
8.What does Reverend Hale want Danforth to do? Rev. Hale wants Danforth to pardon all the condemned. If he won’t do that, at least give Hale more time, postpone for a week, publish that they are striving for confessions.
9. What does Reverend Hale mean when he says, “there is blood on my head!”? He has contributed to the deaths of all of these people. He didn’t know them and so had no qualms about condemning them and signing their warrants, but now that he understands what’s really going on in Salem, he realizes that he has sent dozens of innocent people to their deaths
10. Why does Danforth refuse to postpone the hangings? Danforth refuses to postpone the hangings because it would admit some wrongdoing or doubt, a “floundering” on their part and it would also cast doubt on the executions and condemnations of the who have already been hanged.
11.What do Hale and Danforth request of Elizabeth Proctor? Hale and Danforth request Elizabeth Proctor to prevail upon John to confess and make him do it.
12.What happened to Giles Corey? Giles refused to answer the charges, but if he had (whether guilty or not), all of his lands and properties would have been forfeit to the court and his sons would have gotten nothing. This way all of his things are safe. In order to convince him, they tied him to the ground and lay heavy stones on him for two days until finally he just died. He was pressed to death.
13.What is John’s excuse for confessing to something he didn’t do? John has already spoiled his name; he will not be condemning his already blackened soul by telling another lie. He is not a good man, and nothing is made worse by this lie.
14.What is Elizabeth’s proof that John is a good man? Elizabeth’s proof is that he hasn’t confessed yet. He has been under such misery and has still refused to lie about this.
15.How has Elizabeth changed since we first met her? Elizabeth has changed because she is much stronger. Her love for John is strengthened, too. She recognizes her coldness before and regrets her bitterness and the part it played in all of this.
16.After John confesses, what does Danforth want him to do? Why does he refuse to do this? Danforth wants John to sign a written confession that will be hung on the courthouse door. John refuses to do this because his names is everything to John. His name is important to the townspeople.
17.Discuss, “I am John Proctor! You will not use me!” He is not some outcast whose death will be ‘used’ to show how faulty the people of the village are. He will also not let them use his confession to cast doubt on the worthy people who have still refrained from confessing.
18.To what does Hale attribute Proctor’s willingness to hang? Hale attributes Proctor’s willingness to hang with pride, vanity, stubbornness.
19.To what does Elizabeth attribute it? Elizabeth attributes it by saying that he has refused to implicate his friends and is going to his death knowing he is an innocent man, but he goes to his death in order to keep from lying about things. He has “atoned” for the lechery and is pure again. She won’t take that from him.

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