Romeo and Juliet Test

What years did Shakespeare live? 1563-1616
Where was Shakespeare born? Stratford-on-Avon, England
How many plays did Shakespeare write? 37
How many sonnets did Shakespeare write? 154
Before becoming a play-wright, what was Shakespeare’s profession? actor
What type of plays did Shakespeare write? comedies, histories, and tragedies
The Globe Theater plays were produced for who? the general public
What type of style was the Globe Theater? roofless, open-aired
What did they not have? artificial lighting
What did the Globe Theater contain? a courtyard surrounded by 3 levels of galleries
What did rich people sit on during plays? benches
Who are “groundlings?” poorer people stood and watched from the courtyard (“pit”)
All but wealthy were …. uneducated/illiterate
Spectators had more _______ than today. interaction
What signified which type of play was being performed? the flag
What did the color black stand for? tragedy
What did the color white stand for? comedy
What did the color red stand for? history
Can the flag be seen from all over? yes
What could actors playing ghosts or witches use the trap-door for? they could rise or descend through this door built into the main stage
What was the “cellarage” referred to? hell
How much money did audiences spend to watch performances rain or shine? one penny
How would these patrons, or “groundlings”, participate in the play? by cheering, shouting, or throwing snacks at the actors.
where the main action of the play took place, especially outdoor scenes of battlefields, forests, or cityscapes. main stage
What is the nickname for main stage? “apron”- because audiences could sit around all 3 sides
How tall was the stage? 5 feet- so the audience could not jump up and get into the action
galleries 3 covered seating sections
Why did audiences pay more to sit on these tiered wooden benches under a thatched roof? to keep out the sun and rain
How much did it cost to rent a cushion? 1 penny
What was the upper stage or the chamber set up as? most bedroom and balcony scenes
What is the upper stage commonly referred to as? hut or “the heavens”
Why was their a ceiling over the stage? it protected the actors from too much sun or rain
What did the upper stage represent? the sky and heavens- painted blue with golden stars
What was the upper stage used for? storage and sound effects such as alarm bells, cannon fire, and thunder
tiring house dressing or storage rooms
What did actors do here during scenes? they would rest and change into lavish costumes
What item was stored in the tiring house? large props
The doors to the tiring house served as what to the actors? main entrances and exits
The staging and production was_____. simple
What did the staging and production not have? scenery
The costumes were____. elaborate
They had plenty_____. props
The staging and production was_______. fast-paced, colorful, and last for 2 hours
The actors were only_________. men
Who played female roles? young boys whose voices had not changed
It was considered___________ for women to be on stage? indecent
What is the setting of the play? Verona, Italy
What is the relationship between the two households? Capulet’s and Montague’s (they had hated each other {feuding})
What does Shakespeare mean by “star-crossed lovers”? that Romeo’s and Juliet’s relationship is literally against the stars, and their love is death-marked.
What happens to the lovers? Romeo and Juliet die ending their family’s feud
What is the subject matter of this play? a tragedy
What does the chorus ask the audience in the last two lines? that if you listen patiently and attentively, details touched upon in the prologue that you may have missed, will ultimately become clear to you through our efforts as our story unfolds
What is the rhyme scheme of the prologue? A,B,A,B,C,D,C,D,E,F,E,F,G,G
How many lines are in the prologue? 14
What are the last 2 lines called? a couplet
What does this signify in the play? it emphasizes the fate of Romeo’s and Juliet’s lives
What is the name of this poetic form? a sonnet
What does the Prologue say will end the feud between Romeo and Juliet’s families? Romeo’s and Juliet’s death
Who is Tybalt and why is he dangerous? Tybalt is Juliet’s cousin and Capulet’s nephew who has anger issues. He’s dangerous because he is hot headed. He has a quick temper.
What warning does the Prince give the street brawlers in Act 1, Scene 1. Prince Escalus says the violence has gone on for too long. He warned the families that the next person to break the peace would be punished by death.
In Act 1, Scene 4, how does Mercutio try to snap Romeo out of his depression? Mercutio tells him that he needs to borrow Cupid’s wings and “soar with them above a common bound,” above the boundaries that chain him to the ground. He also tells if love play rough with Romeo, then he should play rough with love.
Where do Romeo and Juliet meet? The Capulet’s Ball
Before Romeo and Juliet meet in Scene 4, Shakespeare must set up some obstacles to their love, so that when they do meet, we will groan at the problems they are going to face. What problem, or complication, is presented in Act 1 Scene 4? that Romeo (Montague) and Juliet (Capulet) are rivalry families and that their love is forbidden.
Mercuto is used as a foil to Romeo. The word foil in drama means “a character or scene that is set up as a contrast to another so that each will stand out vividly.” In what specific ways is Mercutio a foil to Romeo? Mercutio is a foil to Romeo because he makes a lot of jokes and puns about love, whereas Romeo acts so serious about love and actually thinks about being romantic and finding his true love.
Act 1, Scene 4 sets up a sense of foreboding- a feeling that something bad is about to happen. Identify Romeo’s specific expressions of foreboding as he sets off for the party. Romeo acts depressed because Rosaline does not love him and he is also concerned that he is attending the party of his enemy.
Explain what we learn about Lord Montague’s personality from his conversation with Benvolio in Act 1, Scene 1. Describe Lord Capulet’s personality by giving three personality traits with examples from the text. We learn that Lord Montague cares deeply for his son, that’s why he was asking where he was and how he was doing to Benvolio. – reasonable = wants the fighting to end; tells Tybalt to cool it- loving father = wants Juliet to marry someone she loves & when she’s more mature- hospitable/friendly = allows Romeo to stay at the party
From their fight and from their relationships with other characters, contrast Benvolio and Tybalt? Benvolio and Tybalt have many differences. For instance, Benvolio is known as the Montague’s peacemaker while Tybalt is the hot-headed and reckless Capulet.
In Act 1, Scene 5, lines 42-51, find three things to which Romeo compares Juliet. What does his language when speaking of her tell us about his feelings for her? The way Romeo talks about Juliet is very serious. He is madly in love with her, and believes its love at first sight. – As a rich jewel in an Ethiop’s ear — She teaches the torches to burn bright- Beauty too rich for use, for earth too dear- She shows a snowy dove trooping with crows
Find two examples of rhymed couplets that end scenes in Act I. Scene 2- I’ll go along, no such sight to be shown, But to rejoice in splendor of my own.Scene 3- Juliet, the County stays. Go, Girl, seek happy nights to happy days.

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