Romeo and Juliet Jeopardy

Tybalt’s nickname and why is this character known as this and a specific pun made bc of nickname. “Prince of Cats” because Tybalt is fancy, graceful fighter who always manages to stay alive like a cat (nine lives). Mercutio says “a scratch”.
This character’s name literally means ‘well-wisher’ or ‘good will’ Benvolio. “bene” means good or well and “vol” means wish or will
What character delivers message accidentally to Romeo at beginning and another character at the end to set up and end the tragedy. Capulet Servingman (invitation of Capulet party) and Balthasar (news of Juliet’s death)
Who was called upon to give eyewitness account of violence on TWO occasions Benvolio after Sampson Gregory fight and after Tybalt and Mecutio gets murdered
Who talks about the ending tragedy Balthasar, Friar, Paris’ servent
Delivers the closing speech about hope in the face of tragedy AND the specific words (more or less) used that suggests this bittersweet hope for Verona Prince Escalus who says a ‘glooming peace this morning brings’ (bittersweet)
“My only love sprung from my only hate/Too early seen unknown, and known too late!” Speaker is Juliet and when she realizes Romeo’s identity at the end of the party; the tragedy of her love being from the enemy’s family
“O, she doth teach the torches to burn bright!” Romeo when he first sees Juliet at the party; describes her beauty using light/bright imagery saying that she is brighter than torches
“See what a scourge is laid upon your hate/That heaven finds means to kill your joys with love” Prince at the end of story blaming families for the tragedy (death of R&J); pointing out the tragedy of fate killing their children for their feud. Theme of love and hate intertwined
“O Tybalt, Tybalt, the best friend I had!/O courteous Tybalt, honest gentleman/That ever I should live to see thee dead!” Nurse who returns to Juliet with news of Tybalt’s; Tybalt was close with Nurse and like her son. This quote clarifies for Juliet what is happening.
“These times of woe afford no times to woo.” Paris when talking to Capulet about the marriage the second time and capulet agrees to the marriage; Paris thinks that Tybalt’s death of the reason of Juliet’s sorrow but Juliet is actually with romeo and sad bc of him
After the death of Tybalt and Mercutio, Romeo and Juliet both give long speeches- identify 2 ways that the speeches reveal their similarity and their increasing ‘us against the world’ mentality and their increasingly similar way of thinking 1.) Both obsessed with banishment and believe it to be worse than death 2.) Threaten suicide in speeches (juliet hanging, romeo stabbing)3.) Both show isolated mindset4.) Both on the floor crying helpless
In the opening act, Benvolio’s attitude toward love is best described as this He believes there are plenty of women in the world and Romeo needs to find another one other than Rosaline
Name 4 of the 6 groups Queen Mab brings dreams to Lovers, Courtiers, Lawyers, Ladies, Parsons/Clergy, Soldiers
In the balcony scene, Juliet says their love is too like this AND explain 2 connections of the metaphor Lightning- because it is 1.) appears quickly, passionate and powerful, 2.) but also vanishes quickly,3.) and is also destructive
In the play itself (not film), the main reason Mercutio draws his sword on Tybalt is this Romeo is not standing up for himself
“She comes/In shape no bigger than an agate stone/On the forefinger of an alderman.” Queen Mab
“O Romeo, Romeo, wherefore art thou Romeo?” Juliet is wondering WHY Romeo is who he is- a Montague
“For naught so vile that on the earth doth live/But to the earth some special good doth give” Friar Lawrence says every facet of nature has some special, beneficial purpose, even the most vile, evil
“Gallop apace, you fiery-footed steeds/Towards Phoebus’ lodging.” (literary device, speaker, meaning) Allusion (Phoebus/Apollo myth of a sun drawn by a chariot)Apostrophe (addressing something not present) by Juliet wanting day to go away so night will arrive with Romeo
“Now old desire doth in his deathbed lie/And young affection gapes to be his heir./That fair for which love groaned for and would die/With tender Juliet matched, is now not fair” Chorus is setting the scene explaining that Romeo’s old desire (Rosaline) is dying and ‘that fair’ (Rosaline) is nothing compared to Juliet
This is why the theaters in general were moved out of London and across the river Thames.(This is NOT related to the Globe itself and being burned down) Religious leaders felt plays were immoral, unethical, bad(often plays were during church hours in the afternoon) so they were moved near the gambling dens and brothels
Name of Shakespeare’s only son Hamnet (not Hamlet)
This is the most famous nickname of Queen Elizabeth AND why it was given to her The Virgin Queen because she never married (she used her status as single to her political advantage)
This is what Shakespeare left his wife in his will AND his wife’s name AND his general relationship with his wife Second best bed in the house, Anne HathawayLikely loveless marriage (hated wife)
In Elizabethan England, this was the most popular form of public entertainment Public Executions/Hangings
Juliet’s angry cousin AND the specific name of one of his thug associates in the play itself TybaltSampson, Gregory or Petruchio(Abram in Luhrmann version)
Actually does die of a broken heart and why Lady Montague, who dies over Romeo’s exile (not death)
Demands justice for Romeo’s crime in the form of execution Lady Capulet”I beg for justice, which thou Prince must giveRomeo slew Tybalt, Romeo must not live!*Benvolio is kinsman to Romeo
Delivers the Prologue and when else the character appears during the play ChorusBefore Act 1 AND Before Act 2
Risks death to make some money AND a thematic significance of the character ApothecaryThe thematic idea of desperation driving desperate actionsGold is poisonThe more things you own, the more things own you
“What, drawn and talk of peace? I hate the word/As I hate hell, all Montagues, and thee” Tybalt in the opening brawl when facing Benvolio.Tybalt is confused why Benvolio has a sword out and talks of peace, and Tybalt claims to hate peace and his enemy. Violent character shows.
“We talk here in the public haunt of men/ Either withdraw unto some private place/Or reason coldly of your grievances/Or else depart here all eyes gaze on us” Benvolio when trying to calm down Mercutio and Tybalt before their fight.Benvolio is saying that they are too openly fighting and they need to solve their matters calmly, or go somewhere private. It shows his peace-loving character again.
“Stop thy unhallowed toil, vile Montague./Can vengeance be pursued further than death?/Condemned villain, I do apprehend thee./Obey and go with me, for thou must die” Paris when approaching Romeo at the Capulet tomb thinking Romeo is a grave robber.Paris is asking Romeo what further horror he can commit to his ‘enemy’ beyond death and trying to arrest Romeo to punish him. It is ironic because Paris blames Romeo for Juliet’s current condition, but it’s really Paris’ fault Juliet is ‘dead’
Romeo says this is the specific problem with his relationship with Rosaline She has decided to remain chaste and become a nun (will “open her lap to saint-seducing gold”)
Shakespeare’s scenes often begin with characters giving this information AND why Time of day, physical setting because no special effects/lighting in his theatre and all plays were in the afternoon
Identify two reasons why Shakespeare likely started the play (the opening scene of 1.1 after the prologue, not the prologue itself) the way he did 1.) Dirty jokes quiet the crowd2.) Violence excites the crowd and settles them down and is easy to understand and follow3.) People coming in late won’t miss important stuff4.) Shows the depth of the feud that even the low-level thugs hate each other
The morning after Romeo and Juliet sleep together, initially Romeo claims he hears this bird, but Juliet hears this bird AND why the difference Romeo hears the lark because it is the morning and it is singing, but Juliet wants to hear the nightingale because she wants it to be night still
This is the main reason behind Mercutio’s delivering of the Queen Mab speech, besides just to entertain his friends He initially wants to convince Romeo that dreams are meaningless because Romeo admits to having a bad dream.Ultimately, he convinces himself that dreams are really nightmares and a tragedy will unfold if Romeo had a dream about it.
Identify 2 elements of the extended metaphor Romeo uses when approaching the Capulet tomb 1. The tomb is a maw/stomach with a mouth, 2. Juliet is the dearest morsel, 3. Romeo is more food to cram inside
“O Brawling love, O loving hate. . . O heavy lightness, serious vanity… feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire” Oxymoron because Romeo is explaining the conflicting emotions that love creates- both great joy and great misery
“O serpent heart hid with a flow’ring face!/Did ever dragon keep so fair a cave?/Beautiful tyrant, fiend angelical!/Dove-feathered raven, wolvish-ravening lamb!..” Juliet is talking about Romeo as someone who is very beautiful on the outside, but evil on the inside. Uses oxymorons to show her conflicting emotion bc she just heard that Romeo played Tybalt.
“Had she affections and warm youthful blood/She would be as swift in motion as a ball.” Nurse is sheJuliet says this when waiting for Nurse to return with news of the wedding time
“Death, that hath sucked the honey of thy breath/Hath had no power yet upon thy beauty.” Romeo is commenting upon how Juliet still looks alive and warm and red; the irony is that she is still alive, and is slowly warming up again.This is dramatic irony
Shakespeare was a part-owner of this theatre The Globe Theatre
Name the 3 categories of Shakespearean plays Tragedies, comedies, histories
During Shakespeare’s time, heroic female characters were played by these people AND younger female characters were played by these people Heroic women- well-trained, adult malesYoung girls- boys not gone through puberty
Scholars believed that Shakespeare wrote most of his plays in pubs for this reason Free lighting and cheap meals
In Elizabethan England, girls were legally allowed to marry at this age 12
This is the name of the poor people who watched Shakespeare’s plays Groundlings or Stinkards
Loses two cousins as a result of the feud and identify them by name Prince Escalus (Mercutio and Paris)
Identify and explain two significant ideas and connections behind the name Mercutio Mercurial- always changing, fickle and his character reflects thisMercury- messenger god, implies quickness of wit and action; also a well-liked god Mercury- planet, implies fastest rotation around sun, like his characterMercury- element, liquid metal- quicksil
Described by several as a ‘man of wax’ AND why this reference is made Paris, because he is so attractive he is like a wax model as Mrs. Capulet and Nurse discuss
Fails to deliver an important message AND why, specifically Friar JohnHe was in a house that was believed to be plague-infested, so he was quarantined. He did not have the plague himself.* Balthasar does NOT fail to deliver a message!
Has lost a daughter and a husband AND identify names, if applicable NurseDaughter is SusanHusband is unnamed
“Therefore love moderately. Long love doth so/Too swift arrives as tardy as too slow” Friar Lawrence when warning Romeo and Juliet to go slow after their wedding.Friar says successful relationships develop slowly and that those that are too fast are just as bad as those that are too slow. It is true to his character of going slow.
“I’ll look to like, if looking liking move/But no more deep with I endart mine eye/Than your consent gives strength to make it fly.” Juliet when stating her obedience to Lady Capulet . Juliet suggests that she’ll look at Paris if her mom wants her to, but won’t flirt beyond what her mom allows her to. It shows her initial obedience, which changes by the end of the play.
“I’ll go along, no such sight to be shown/But to rejoice in splendor of mine own” Romeo when convinced by Benvolio to crash the Capulet party. Romeo says he’ll go to the party, not to look at others, but at his own target, Rosaline. This sets up the situational irony of him actually ‘seeing’ Juliet there instead of Rosaline.
“From forth the fatal loins of these two foes/A pair of star-crossed lovers take their life/Whose misadventured piteous overthrows/Doth with their death bury their parents’ strife” Chorus in opening prologue.Chorus explains the premise of the entire play, that two children from enemy families fall in love, kill themselves, and end the feud. It is in Shakespearean sonnet form.
“My naked weapon is out. Quarrel, I will back thee.” Sampson at the opening brawl.Sampson takes his sword out of the sheath and it is ‘naked’ OR he is making an inappropriate pun, which Shakespeare often included for the entertainment of the masses.
This is the primary reason Friar Lawrence agrees to marry Romeo and Juliet AND the ultimate irony of this He hopes to end the feud between the familiesIrony: the marriage does end the feud, in a way(tragedy quickly unfolds due to marriageand their deaths end the feud)
During their first exchange at the party, Romeo compares himself and Juliet to these two things Romeo = Pilgrim, Juliet = Saint/Shrine
Romeo and Juliet’s first exchange at the party is written in this form (specific) Shakespearean sonnet
Identify 3 of the 5 fears Juliet has before taking Friar Lawrence’s potion 1. Potion won’t work and she’ll wake up2. It really is poison because Friar trying to kill her3. She’ll wake up and suffocate4. She’ll wake up and go crazy in the tomb, including haunted by Tybalt’s ghost5. She’ll club her brains out with a bone
Before entering the Capulet tomb, Romeo tells Balthasar these are the two reasons he is going into the tomb and why does he then threaten Balthasar He is going to look at Juliet once more and remove a ring he gave to Juliet.He threatens Balthasar to get him to leave him alone so he can kill himself. This relieves Balthasar of any responsibility for Romeo’s suicide.
At the beginning of the play, this is the action Sampson uses to show his contempt for the Capulets He bites his thumb at them
“My master is the great rich Capulet, and, if you be not of the house of Montagues, I pray come and crush a cup of wine.” The servingman is speaking with a Montague, making it dramatic irony. It is important as it introduces the inciting incident of the party.
“O sweet Juliet/Thy beauty hath made me effeminate/And in my temper softened valor’s steel!” Romeo blaming Juliet for taking away his fury and rage which prevents him from standing up to Tybalt (leading to Mercutio’s death)
“O God, I have an ill-divining soul!/Methinks I see thee, now thou art so low/As one dead in the bottom of a tomb. . . O Fortune, Fortune, all men call thee fickle. . . Be fickle, Fortune/For then I hope thou will not keep him long/But send him back” Juliet, uses apostrophe (O Fortune), personification (Fortune),There is also irony and foreshadowing because the next time they see each other they are dead in a tomb
In Elizabethan England, this was the most important subject of study for young boys Latin
In the first balcony scene, Juliet warns Romeo against swearing his love in this manner and why Not to swear his love upon the moon because the moon is always changing
“Put this in any liquid thing you will/And drink it off, and if you had the strength/Of twenty men, it would dispatch you straight” Apothecary, explaining the drugs he’s selling to Romeo. It is ironic because the poison is very fast-acting which causes Romeo to die just before Friar arrives. (fate)
Identify the form of entertainment that involved bears and dogs Bear baiting
In Shakespearean plays, high class characters typically spoke in this. Blank verse (unrhymed iambic pentameter)
In Shakespearean plays, low-class characters typically spoke in this. Prose(non-poetic language)
Apostrophe when poet addresses an abstract idea of absent person or thing (reflection)
Shakespeare Birth April 23, 1564
Shakespeare Death April 23, 1616
Other two daughters Susanna and Judith
Situational Irony when a situation is contrary/opposite to what was expected
Dramatic Irony when the audience knows info that the characters do not know
Allusion reference to famous person, place, thing
Paradox a statement self-contradictory or absurd but contains truth (nobody goes to the mall bc it is crowded)
Oxymoron two contradictory words put together to produce a rhetorical effect “seriously funny”

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