Romeo and Juliet Background Notes

how many words did Shakespeare create? over 500
why are his plays popular? 1. awesome use of language2.unforgettable characters3. multi-faced plots
when and where was Shakespeare born? April 23, 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon (England)
when did Shakespeare die? April 23, 1616 (on his birthday)
Was he ever married? If so, to who? married to Anne Hathaway, who was 7 or 8 years older
Did Shakespeare have kids? yes1. Susanna (7 months after marriage)2. twins Judith and Hamnet(Hamnet died at 11)
When and where did Shakespeare relocate to? London in late 1580s
What theatrical group did Shakespeare join? Lord Chamberlain’s men(became Royal Company called King’s Men)
Where did Lord Chamberlain’s men perform? The Rose & The Theatre
What happened with the Theatre? although LC’S men owned the theatre, their was dispute over the land
What did LC’s men do to fix this? in the middle of the night, bit by bit, Shakespeare and his friends disassembled the Theatre and moved it acorss the river to the other side of town
What was this new theatre called? in 1599, the Globe opened in Southwork, London
How many plays and sonnets did Shakespeare write? 37 plays which were tragedies, comedies and historiesabout 154 sonnets
How many stories high was the globe? 3 stories high
How was the seating? the yard (standing room only like floor tickets) were for paupers and 1 centthe galleries were higher up and for richer cost 2 cents
Why was the theater open? light, light, light!
Why were plays in the afternoon? light, light, light!
who were the actors? only men
What did the flag on the roof represent? the type of play being performed
how many people did the Globe seat? up to 3,000
how was the Globe destroyed? the roof caught and ifre and the globe burned down
what were the dimensions of the globe? 5 ft high 44 ft wide 26 ft deep
When was the globe rebuilt? 1991
Why was Romeo & Juliet not an original story idea? 1st source: Greek ROmance Ephesiaca2nd source: Italian novella by Masuccio3rd source: 1562 poem by Srthur Brooke called “The Tragicall Historye of Romeus and Juliet”
Shakespeare’s version of R&J 1. written around 15952. one of his 1st tragedies
What does the prologue automatically tell the reader/audience? 1. TRAGEDY (Romeo and Juliet will die)2. star-crossed lovers from feuding families3. constantly aware of forbidden love & tragic death
What were Romeo and Juliet victims of? 1. bad timing2. misunderstandings3. hatred4. mistakes5. violence
What is a “Shakespearean Tragic Hero”? 1. central flaw meets w/ disaster/grave misfortune2. downfall is result of fate’s itnervention and/or character flaw (hamartia)3. the TH is noble stature & good guy4. the downfall always seems worse than the character deserves5. TH should have recognition of downfall6. audience should experience purging through TH’S suffering
How many lines are in a sonnet? 14
What is a Shakespearean sonnet? 1. written in Iambic Pentameter2. 3 quatrains and a rhyming couplet3. rhyme scheme : ABAB CDCD EFEF GG

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