Romeo and Juliet and Intro to Drama

drama works where actors play roles and present storylines through dialogue, actions, and gestures
3rd person dramatic What point of view is drama told from?
play written for the express purpose of performance/ audience gain information about the performance from the performance
acts and scenes What are plays divided into?
scripts feature lists of characters and stage directions (written in italics) which require the reader to pause and visualize the setup
monologue an extended speech by one character (could involve one character addressing a second character)
soliloquy an extended speech by one character, alone on the stage/used to express the private thoughts of one character
aside a character’s direct address to the audience, which is not heard by the other characters
sonnet a Shakespearean, or English, poem consisting of 14 lines, each line containing 10 syllables and written in iambic pentameter
comedy dramatic works which use humor to explore various themes and characters/ usually end on a happy note
tragedy treat serious subjects and often focus on the tragic hero’s character/usually end with death
historical focus on kings or famous historical figures
irony an expression that usually signifies its opposite
situational irony an event that is deliberately contrary to what one expects and is often amusing as a result
verbal irony a contradiction between what is said and what is meant
dramatic irony playwrights use this when they allow the audience to know more than the characters do about a specific situation or
situational, verbal, and dramatic What are the three types of irony?
satire social criticism that is cloaked in comedy and used to ridicule social institutions and figureheads (Shakespeare used to point out flaws of society?
farce comedy that lapses into ludicrous, improbably plots, mockery, and even slapstick (usually comedic part of the play)
tragic flaw character defect that causes the downfall of the protagonist of a tragedy
hubris excessive pride or self-confidence; arrogance
dramatic foil a character who by contrast helps to accentuate another character’s opposite personality
Stratford-upon-Avon Where was Shakespeare born?
37 plays and 154 sonnets How many plays and sonnets did Shakespeare write?
Anne Hathaway Who did Shakespeare marry?
“England’s national poet”, “The Bard of Avon”, or “The Bard” What are Shakespeare’s nicknames?
three How many children did Shakespeare have?
Susanna, Judith, and Hamnet What were Shakespeare’s children’s names?
Coat of Arms “not without right”/ Shakespeare’s father was a great politician, highly respected for his just behavior/ always wrote with purpose
Robert Greene’s Who’s criticism was the first mention of Shakespeare’s name in the arena of theater?
“Lord Chamberlain’s Men” What was the name of Shakespeare’s troop?
“The Globe”/ LCM What was the name of Shakespeare’s theatre and who built it?
The Globe balconies around the stage for wealthy members of society, a small landing behind the stage as well (for the balcony scene in Romeo & Juliet), and a door behind the stage to keep costumes and props/ The wide-open portion in front of the stage with no seats was called the pit; the poor individuals who stood in this section during the play were referred to as “groundlings.”
five acts with five-six scenes per act What is the structure of Shakespeare’s plays?
act five Which act is known as the “death scene” in Shakespeare’s plays?
the chorus Who says: “Two households, both alike in dignity(In fair Verona, where we lay our scene),From ancient grudge break to new mutiny,Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean.From forth the fatal loins of these two foesA pair of star-crossed lovers take their life;Whose misadventured piteous overthrowsDoth with their death bury their parents’ strife.The fearful passage of their death-marked loveAnd the continuance of their parents’ rage,Which, but their children’s end, naught could remove,Is now the two hours’ traffic of our stage;The which, if you with patient ears attend,What here shall miss, our toil shall strive to mend.”
Romeo Who says: “Here’s much to do with hate, but more with love.Why then, O brawling love, O loving hate,O anything of nothing first create!O heavy lightness, serious vanity,Misshapen chaos of well-seeming forms,Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health,Still-waking sleep that is not what it is!This love feel I, that feel no love in this.”
Lady Capulet Who says: “What say you? Can you love the gentleman?This night you shall behold him at our feast.Read o’er the volume of young Paris’ face,And find delight writ there with beauty’s pen.Examine every married lineamentAnd see how one another lends content,And what obscured in this fair volume liesFind written in the margent of his eyes.This precious book of love, this unbound lover,To beautify him only lacks a cover.The fish lives in the sea, and ’tis much prideFor fair without the fair within to hide.That book in many’s eyes doth share the gloryThat in fold clasps locks in the golden story.So shall you share all that he doth possessBy having him, making yourself no less.”
Romeo and Mercutio Who says: “Nay, gentle Romeo, we must have you dance. Not I, believe me. You have dancing shoesWith nimble soles. I have a soul of leadSo stakes me to the ground I cannot move.:You are a lover. Borrow Cupid’s wingsAnd soar with them above a common bound. I am too sore enpierced with his shaftTo soar with his light feathers, and so boundI cannot bound a pitch above dull woe.Under love’s heavy burden do I sink.And to sink in it should you burden love—Too great oppression for a tender thing.”
Romeo Who says: “I fear too early, for my mind misgivesSome consequence yet hanging in the starsShall bitterly begin his fearful dateWith this night’s revels, and expire the termOf a despised life closed in my breastBy some vile forfeit of untimely death.But he that hath the steerage of my courseDirect my sail. On, lusty gentlemen.”
Romeo and Juliet Who says: “If I profane with my unworthiest handThis holy shrine, the gentle sin is this:My lips, two blushing pilgrims, ready standTo smooth that rough touch with a tender kiss.Good pilgrim, you do wrong your hand too much.Which mannerly devotion shows in this;For saints have hands that pilgrim’s hands do touch,And palm to palm is holy palmer’s kiss. Have not saints lips, and holy palmers too? Ay, pilgrim, lips that they must use in prayer.Romeo: O then, dear saint, let lips do what hands do.They pray: grant thou, lest faith turn to despair. Saints do not move, though grant for prayers’ sake.Then move not while my prayer’s effect I take.”
Juliet Who says: “My only love sprung from my only hate!Too early seen unknown, and known too late!Prodigious birth of love it is to meThat I must love a loathed enemy.”
Juliet Who says: “‘Tis but thy name that is my enemy.Thou art thyself, though not a Montague.What’s Montague? It is nor hand, nor foot,Nor arm, nor face, nor any other partBelonging to a man. O be some other name!What’s in a name? That which we call a roseBy any other word would smell as sweet.So Romeo would, were he not Romeo called,Retain that dear perfection which he owesWithout that title. Romeo, doff thy name,”

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