Romeo and Juliet Act 1, Scene 1

Shakespearean sonnet a sonnet form developed in 16th-century England and employed by Shakespeare, having the rhyme scheme a b a b c d c d e f e f g g Also called Elizabethan sonnet, English sonnet
iambic pentameter a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable
Quatrain a stanza or poem of four lines, usually with alternate rhymes.
Couplet — a pair of successive lines of verse, especially a pair that rhyme and are of the same length.
Prologue an introductory scene, preceding the first act of a play, opera, etc.
Rhyme scheme the pattern of rhymes used in a poem, usually marked by letters to symbolize correspondences, as rhyme royal, ababbcc.
Comic relief an amusing scene, incident, or speech introduced into serious or tragic elements, as in a play, in order to provide temporary relief from tension, or to intensify the dramatic action.
Pun the humorous use of a word or phrase so as to emphasize or suggest its different meanings or applications, or the use of words that are alike or nearly alike in sound but different in meaning; a play on words.
classical allusion a passing or casual reference; an incidental mention of something, either directly or by implication:
Extended metaphor a metaphor introduced and then further developed throughout all or part of a literary work, especially a poem
Soliloquy an utterance or discourse by a person who is talking to himself or herself or is disregardful of or oblivious to any hearers present (often used as a device in drama to disclose a character’s innermost thoughts):
Monologue a part of a drama in which a single actor speaks alone; soliloquy.
Aside a part of an actor’s lines supposedly not heard by others on the stage and intended only for the audience.
Oxymoron — A rhetorical device in which two seemingly contradictory words are used together for effect: “She is just a poor little rich girl.”
Foreshadowing to show, indicate, or suggest in advance
a sonnet The prologue of Romeo and Juliet is what kind of poetry?
14 lines How many lines does a sonnet have?
abab cdcd efef gg Using letters, what is the rhyme scheme?
Quatrain It has three (4 lines)
Couplet It has one (2 lines)
Iambic pentameter What is the meter? (rhythm)
Star Crossed lovers Because R & J are fated to die, in the prologue they are called
Feuding and Not allowing them to get married to each other. What are the two families doing that causes their children’s death?
Two Hours How many hours does the play take, according to the prologue?
Double entendre When Gregory and Sampson play with the different meanings of the word that sounds like collar, of what literary term is this an example?
It is against the law to start a fight in the streets Why are the two concerned about who starts the fight?
Biting his thumb What gesture does Sampson perform that causes trouble?
Benvolio Which member of the Montague side tries to keep peace?
Tybalt Which member of the Capulet clan wants to fight?
Fountains of each others blood What image does the Prince use to describe the blood being shed?
Be put to death What is the penalty for the next person who starts a fight? Be
Three How many fights does the Prince say have been started?
hissed In Benvolio’s speech to Lord Montague about the fight, he declared that a swordcut the air and the air did what in scorn?
False (T/F) Both of the women of the opposing houses eagerly push their men into the fray. (fight)
Tears like drops of morning dew and sighs like cloudy days What is the metaphor the Lord Montague uses to describe Romeo and his depression?