Romeo and Juliet

Flag flown during a performance at the Globe Theater
Hut the ceiling over the stage that was painted with the sun and stars
Tiring house the area behind the stage where the actors changed
Heaven the roof over the stage
Hell below the stage by the groundlings
the pit the area below the stage where the groundlings stood
height of the stage 5 feet
galleries three levels of covered seating around the stage where the working class and upper class sat
gatherers people who stood at the doorway to the theater with boxes collecting ticket money (box office)
Wooden “O” shape of the Globe Theater
Richard Burbage built theaters and was a producer as well as an actor
other theaters The Theater, Rose Theater, Swan Theater
Why were theaters built outside of the city limits? they were free from restrictions from the city’s regulations
Lord Chamberlain’s Men Shakespeare’s prominent acting company
What did the Elizabethan theater rely on instead of props and scenery? lavish costumes and the audience’s imaginations
William Shakespeare was born in… 1564
Shakespeare died on… April 23rd (his birthday), 1616
The Lost Years (1585- 1592) the period of his life where there is no documentation
Name first appeared in London 1592
Name was associated with three plays 1593
Number of sonnets 154
Main purpose for writing to make money
3 categories of Shakespeare’s writing tragedy, comedy, history
“3M” plays miracle, mystery, and morality
Why were the theaters closed in 1603? a severe plague was spreading and the theater was thought to be an easy place for it to spread
When was the Globe Theater built? 1599
When was the Globe Theater burned down and rebuilt? burned down in 1613, rebuilt in 1614
Why was the theater closed again in 1642? the Puritans closed it because they thought the theater was an impure place
When was a model of the Globe Theater built recently? Who built it? built by Sam Wanamacher in 1970
When did plays tend to start? 2:00
blank verse poetry that does not rhyme but has a musical tune to it
Iambic Pentameter a line of five beats (a foot), with each beat having two syllables. The stress is on the second syllable of each foot
prose common language with does not necessarily have a musical tune to it. It is spoken by the lower class, servants, or people in great distress
rhyming couplet used to indicate the end of a scene
sonnet poem of 14 rhymes that has a particular rhyme scheme and always ends in a rhyming couplet
dramatic foil a character who highlights or brings out the personality traits of another character
soliliquy a speech in which a character, alone on stage, expresses his or her thoughts to the audience
aside a remark made to the audience, unheard by other characters
monologue a lengthy speech addressed to the other characters on stage
conflict a struggle that propels the sequence of events
plot the sequence of events in a story
climax the point of greatest tension
dialogue speeches of the characters that tell the story
acts and scenes the basic units of drama
playwright the author of a play
script the text of a play containing both dialogue and stage directions
stage directions tell how the work is to be performed or staged. They provide details about sets, lighting, sound effects, props, costumes, and acting
sets constructions that set the scene for the drama
props moveable objects, like swords or pens, that actors use onstage
dramatic effect the vivid illusion of reality produced by all the elements of drama combined in performance
theme insight into life
tragedy a drama in which the central character or characters suffer disaster or great misfortune. This downfall usually results from fate, a serious character flaw, another contributing factor, or a combination of all three
tragic flaw a mistaken action or defect in character
chorus a group of performers who commentate on the action
comedy has a happy ending, usually after an amusing series of predicaments. Tragedy emphasizes human greatness and comedy stresses the weakness of ordinary people or society