Romeo and Juliet

How old is Romeo? 15-17
What does Romeo’s name mean? pilgrim to Rome
impetuous acting or done quickly and without thought or care
What is Romeo’s tragic flaw? impetuous
What do they suffer and die for? romantic love
introvert a shy, reticent, and typically self-centered person
fatalistic believes that fate – the stars – control his life
What is Benvolio’s name meaning? good-will
Who was Benvolio’s uncle? Lord Montague
How is Benvolio related to Romeo? he is his friend
What is Benvolio’s role in the play? peacemaker; though he is ineffective
Who is the antagonist? Lord Capulet and Lady Capulet
Who is the villain of the story? Tybalt
aloof not friendly
pragmatic dealing with things responsibally
How old is Juliet? 13
What is Tybalt’s nickname? “Prince of Cats”
How is Tybalt related to Juliet? he is her cousin
unconditional not subject to any conditions
cynical distrustful of human sincerity or integrity
Who does the Nurse live with? the Capulets
Who is Prince Escalus? ruler of Verona, Italy ; role in the story is peacemaker
Who is Mercutio named after? the god Mercury
What kind of god is Mercury? the messanger god
As Mercutio’s name implies, he is…? a messanger
extrovert an outgoing, overtly expressive women
Who is Mercutio related to? The Prince
How is he related to Romeo? he is his friend
Who is Count Paris? a young nobleman, a relative of the Prince
What is his role in the story? he is Juliet’s suitor; he has her parents blessing to marry her
Who is Friar Laurence a foil to? Nurse
Who is Friar Laurence? Franciscan priest, lives in a cell (simple room) that is connected to the church
Who is he a confidante to? Romeo
What is his viewpoint on marriage? sees it as a way to end the feud
What is his role in the story? peacemaker
What does Benvolio tell Mercutio that Tybalt has sent to Romeo’s father’s house? a letter
What does Mercutio realize the letter is? a challenge to a duel
Why does Mercutio think that Romeo is psychologically unfit to fight Tybalt? he is too beaten up by love for Rosaline (dramatic irony)
Who are Romeo and Juliet’s two accomplices? Nurse and the Friar
What time does Juliet send Nurse to find Romeo? 9
What time is it now? 12
How many hours have passed? 3
How many times does Juliet ask the Nurse what Romeo says? 6
What does Act II end with? the marriage of Romeo and Juliet
How does Shakespeare convey the temperature? “The day is hot, the Capulets abroad”
How does the temperature affect everyone’s mood? “For now, these hot days, is the mad blood stirring”
What kind of irony is Mercutio using when he suggests that Benvolio likes to quarrel? verbal
Why is the irony? In Act 1, Benvolio tries to keep the peace between the servants
“Thou wilt quarrel with a man for cracking nuts having no other reason but because thou has hazel eyes.” “Thou hast quarreled with a man for coughing in the street because he hath wakened thy dog that hath lain sleep in the sun.” Mercutio is jokingly talking about Benvolio, but what character does this really apply to? Tybalt
Why? his temper
Tybalt arrives looking for Romeo. Romeo arrives soon after. What was Romeo doing? marrying Juliet
Tybalt insults Romeo: “thou are a villain.” Romeo says: “I see thou knowest me not.” Why is this an example of a double entendre? Tybalt thinks Romeo is saying you don’t understand me; Romeo means: Tybalt doesn’t know they are related by marriage
Why is Tybalt able to stab Mercutio fatally? Romeo is standing in between them
What is Mercutio’s curse? “a plague on both your houses”
Why does he curse both houses? both houses caused the feud
Mercutio says about his wound: “No, tis not so deep as an well nor so wide as a church-door; but “tis enough, twill serve.” The wound will serve to do what? kill him
What is Mercutio’s pun in “Ask for me tomorrow and you shall find me a grave man”? Grave=burying place for the deadGrave=serious
What is the climax of the story? Romeo kills Tybalt
If Romeo had done nothing – not avenged Mercutio’s death – then what would law have done? Tybalt would have been executed
But because Romeo kills Tybalt, what happens? the law applies to him
What does Romeo blame his predicament on? fate
What is the Prince’s punishment? exile
Why doesn’t the Prince execute Romeo? Mercutio is his nephew; 2 people have already died
Is Juliet’s long speech on page 796 a monologue or soliloquy? soliloquy
“Hood my unmanned blood bating in my cheeks, With thy black mantle.” What does mantle mean? a cloak
For Romeo and Juliet, what is the night protection against? daytime; the feud; the law; arranged marriage
What kind of imagery does Juliet use to describe Romeo? light
“Give me my Romeo and when he shall die, Take him and cut him out in little starsAnd he will make the heaven so fineThat all the world will be in love with night And pay no worship to the garish sun.” What does this foreshadow? their suicides
“O serpent heart, hid with a flow’ring face!” This is a metaphor; what does Juliet mean? Romeo’s heart is a serpent; Romeo’s face is a flower
What oxymorons does Juliet use? “Fiend angelical!” “Dove-feathered raven!” “Wolvish-ravening lamb!”
What logical argument does Juliet devise that provides her some comfort? if Romeo hadn’t killed Tybalt, Tybalt would’ve killed Romeo
“Romeo is banished – to speak that word/Is father, mother, Tybalt, Romeo, Juliet all slain, all dead.” Is an example of what…? hyperbole
To Romeo, banishment is the same as…? death
Why? he sees it as him being banished from the world and separated from Juliet
Romeo mentions to Friar Laurence two ways to die: “Hadst thou no poison mix’d, no sharp-ground knife/No sudden mean of death, though ne’er so mean,” What does this foreshadow? the exact manner in which Romeo and Juliet will die
What are the three reasons Friar tells Romeo that he is lucky? “Thy Juliet is alive” “Tybalt would kill thee” “The law that threatened death becomes thy friend”
What is the Friar’s plan? 1. Ascend her chamber hence and comfort her2. Go the Mantua and live there
What day of the week does Lord Capulet promise Paris that he can marry Juliet? Thursday
“Night’s candles are burnt out” What is being compared to night’s candles? stars
The following dominate in the daytime: a. Feud b. Lawc. Juliet’s parentsHow do they serve to separate Romeo and Juliet? a. FEUD: families hate each other b. LAW: Romeo has been banished c. JULIET’S PARENTS: want her to marry Paris
Juliet says, “Indeed I never shall be satisfied With Romeo till I behold him – dead -Is my poor heart so for a kinsman vexed.” This is a double entendre. a. What does Lady Capulet hear?b. What does Juliet really mean? a. she wants Romeo deadb. her heart is dead without him
What does Juliet ask her mother to do? delay the marriage
What is her mother’s answer? she refuses
What are the six things Juliet lists she would rather do than marry Paris? O bid me leap rather than marry ParisOr walk in thevish waysOr bid me lurk with serpents Chain me with roaring bearsHide me nightly in a charnel-houseHide me with a dead man in his shroud
What is the Friar’s eight-step plan to get Romeo and Juliet together? 1. Juliet should give consent to marry Paris2. Juliet should make sure to lie in bed alone3. Juliet must drink the vial4. Juliet will continue in a state of “borrowed likeness of shrunk death” for “2 and 40” hours5. Paris and her parents will find Juliet and think she is dead6. Juliet will not be put in a coffin; she will be placed in a vault 7. Friar will let Romeo know what’s going on by sending him a letter8. Romeo and Friar will watch her wake and then they will go to Mantua
Why does Lord Capulet change the wedding date? to go to church
Why? he fears God/the Friar
How will change of date affect Friar’s plan? the letter given to Romeo
As Juliet is about to drink the vial, she delivers a long speech called a…? monologue
What is one scenario Juliet does not think of? Romeo will kill himself
As the Capulets hastily prepare for Juliet’s wedding, it is dramatic irony because the audience knows…? Juliet is already married and has no intention of marrying Paris
What does Lord Capulet compare death to? frost
What does he compare Juliet to? a flower
Romeo (in Mantua) wakes up, and remembers a dream he has had: “I dreamt my lady came and found me dead…And breathed such life with kisses in my lipsThat I revived and was an emperor.” How does Juliet revive Romeo in Romeo’s dream? by kissing him
This dream is irony of situation. Why? 1. Instead of Juliet finding Romeo dead, Romeo will find Juliet dead.2. Instead of Juliet restoring life to Romeo with a kiss, Romeo will kill himself
Who tells Romeo that Juliet is dead? Balthasar
Who does Romeo buy the poison from? a beggar
How much does Romeo pay for the poison? forty ducats
What oxymoron does Friar use to describe Juliet? living corpse
What is Paris doing at the Capulet tomb? mourning her death
What is he strewing about the tomb? flowers
Paris says about Romeo “And here is come to do some villainous shame/To the dead bodies.” Paris thinks Romeo has come to the tomb in order to…? insult Juliet and the Capulet family
Paris says to Romeo, “Stop thy unhallowed toil, vile Montague! Can vengeance be pursued further than death?” Paris thinks that Romeo’s motive is…? vengeance
What are earlier examples of Romeo’s peers that think Romeo has low motives? 1. Tybalt thinks Romeo attends the Capulet ball in order to make fun of it 2. Mercutio thinks that Romeo refuses to fight because he is scared
Romeo says, “A grave? O, no a lanthorn…” In what way is the vault that contains Juliet similar to a lantern? contains “light” (Juliet)
Romeo says about Juliet: “Death that hath sucked the honey of thy breath Hath had no power yet upon thy beauty.” What is death compared to? What is Juliet compared to? death is compared to a beeJuliet is compared to a flower
Romeo says about Juliet:”Beauty’s ensign yetIs crimson in thy lips and in thy cheeksAnd death’s pale flag is not advanced there.” What does Romeo notice about Juliet? she is still beautiful and her lips and cheeks are still red
What does Romeo do when he drinks the poison? toasts Juliet
What is this a parallel to? when Juliet drinks the potion, she toasts Romeo
What causes Friar Laurence to say to Juliet, “I dare no longer stay”? he hears a noise
How does Juliet commit suicide? with a dagger
Scourge punishment (usually a whipping)
Prince Escalus says, “And I, for winking at your discords too Have lost a brace of kinsmen. All are punished.” What relatives has Prince lost for ignoring feud? Paris and Mercutio
Enmity hatred
What are the closing lines of the play? “For never was a story of more woeThan this of Juliet and her Romeo”