Ricart Macbeth Act 3-5 Test Review

ACT 3 Scene 1
In the short soliloquy that opens Act III, what does Banquo reveal about Macbeth? What does he decide to do? He reveals that he suspects Macbeth has played a foul game in acquiring the throne, but realizes the witches also prophesized that he would father a line of kings. He decides not to say anything else about it.
Now that he is king, to what will Macbeth turn his attention? What might he be concerned about? Macbeth will now turn his attention to killing Banquo. He realizes that if the witches’ prophecies are true, then his reign will be handed over to Banquo’s sons, and it would have been all for nothing. He is concerned about losing his throne to Banquo’s son(s)
When Macbeth says, “Upon my head they placed a fruitless crown and put a barren scepter in my gripe,” to what realization has he come? Macbeth may be King, but Banquo’s descendants will dominate the throne. Macbeth sees himself as a barren, without heirs, and that his crown has no meaning. He is just wearing the crown for short-term but Banquo’s line will be king for longer. This makes him feel insulted and worried
How and why does Macbeth arrange Banquo’s murder? Macbeth sees Banquo as a threat. He hires murderers and convinces them that Banquo wronged them. Lady Macbeth is not involved
Act 3 Scene 2
When Lady Macbeth says “Nought’s had, all’s spent, Where our desire is got without content: “Tis safer tobe that which we destroy Than by destruction dwell in doubtful joy,” what does she reveal about their feeling after Duncan’s murder? Lady Macbeth says that she feels nothing is gained if a person attains what they want but is still not content.She feels it would probably be better to be the person who is murdered than the killer because they are now tortured by anxiety and paranoia
How is Lady Macbeth involved in the murder plot against Banquo? What can you infer about Macbeth’s development as a tragic hero? Lady Macbeth is not involved in the murder plot against Banquo. This means that Macbeth is no longer the “valiant knight” in the beginning, he is evil, paranoid and worried all the time. This will only lead to the catastrophe.
Act 3 Scene 3
Who escapes the murderers? What does this mean for Macbeth? Fleance, Banquo’s son escapes the murderer. This means Macbeth will continue to be paranoid that his son may attempt to find out more about the murder of his father or attempt to take the throne.
Act 3 Scene 4
Describe what happens in Scene 4 when Ross, Lennox and the other lords invite Macbeth to share their table. What does Macbeth do? What does Lady Macbeth do? Macbeth sees Banquo’s ghost and speaks to him and starts yelling. Lady Macbeth tries to cover for Macbeth by saying that he customarily has fits, and he’s a little sick/tired (as a child he’s always been like that) then she hurriedly dismisses the guests.
The ghost of Banquo sits in Macbeth’s seat, but only Macbeth can see him. Are we to believe Banquo’s ghost is there or that Macbeth is losing his mind? Because none of the other characters can see the ghost, we are to interpret that it is a hallucination and product of his guilt (he’s losing it!) Either way, the appearance of the ghost is a representation of the toll his sins have taken on him.
After his vision of Banquo’s ghost, Macbeth acknowledges that “blood will have blood.” What does he mean? that the blood of a murder victim will seek out the blood of their murderer, and thus a murder will always be brought to light
At the end of the scene Macbeth states, ” I am in blood stepp’d in so far that should I wade no more, returning were as tedious as go o’er.” What does this mean? Macbeth is saying that he is stuck, he can neither go back nor forward. He is forced to stand his ground and continue killing at that point
What does Macbeth resolve to do at the end of the scene? He decides to continue with killing, and his next victim will be Macduff.
Act 3 Scene 4
Who is Hecate? What is Hecate’s plan for Macbeth and what does this reveal, if anything, about how the play will end? Hecate is the goddess of Warcraft, boss of the witches. Hecate’s plan is to trick Macbeth with illusions and make him feel his fate is safe when it’s not.
What does Hecate symbolize? Hecate symbolizes superior evil and how bad things are going to get worse.
Act 3 Scene 6
What opinion do Lennox and the other lords hold of Macbeth and the way he rules? What words reveal this? Lennox and the other lords believe he is a tyrant. They disagree with the way he is ruling and feel that he is making their country suffer.
Where has Macduff gone and for what reason? England
Act 4 Scene 1
Why has Macbeth gone to visit the witches? For Macbeth, seeing the witches again is important because i will help him determine whether Fleance is a threat to his throne. He needs to know if Fleance will really take hi kingdom and if there are any other threats. After all, everything the witches have told him so far have been true.
What are the witches’ predictions for Macbeth? The witches complete their magic spell and summon forth a series of apparitions. The first is an armed head that warns Macbeth to beware the Thane of Fife (Macduff). The second apparition is a bloody child, who tells him that “none of woman born / Shall harm Macbeth”. This news comforts Macbeth’s spirits. The third apparition is a crowned child with a tree in its hand, who says that “Macbeth shall never vanquished be until / Great Birnam Wood to high Dunsinane Hill / Shall come against him” . This cheers Macbeth even more, since he knows that nothing can move a forest.
What does Macbeth ask the witches? What do they respond? Macbeth asks if Banquo’s children ever rule Scotland. The witches now show Macbeth a procession of kings, the eighth of whom holds a mirror in his hand, followed by Banquo. As Banquo points at this line of kings, Macbeth realizes that they are indeed his family line.
In what way do these predictions differ from the first prophecy? In the first prophecy, there are no apparitions
What does Macbeth plan to do at the end of the scene? Macbeth resolves that he will henceforth act immediately on his ambitions. He was right about being worried about Macduff so he believes that he should just act on his thoughts:. The first step will be to kill Macduff and kill Macduff’s wife and children.
Act 4 Scene 2
What does Lady Macduff think of her husband’s decision to leave to England to seek help? What does she call her husband? Lady Macduff is angry because her husband does not put his family first, and that he has left them. She calls him a traitor and a coward.
How do Lady Macbeth and Lady Macduff contrast each other? Lady Macduff is mad because her husband does not put his family first, however Lady Macbeth (in act 1)persuades her husband to put his ambition above all other matters, including his conscience. When the murderers come, Lady Macduff says, “Do I put up that womanly defense, / To say I have done no harm?, which is another implicit shade at her husband for putting her in a position to defend herself (instead of him defending her), and is also once again a contrast to Lady Macbeth who refuses any sort of “womanly defense,” being, within the terms of the play, very “manly” in her violence. She can defend herself.
What happens to Lady Macduff and her son? Lady Macduff and her son are killed.
Act 4 Scene 3
Why has Macduff gone to talk to Malcolm? Macduff has gone to talk to Malcolm because he wants to bring him back to become king.
What vices does Malcolm claim he suffers from? Malcolm says that he is more greedy than Macbeth, that he will take advantage of any woman near him, and that he has none of the graces that would be considered necessary for a “good” king.
What is Macduff’s reaction to Malcolm’s statements about his own character? Macduff suggests that Malcolm’s better qualities would out-weight those vices. After Malcolm’s last statement he suggests that he’s not fit to be king or to even live.
What is Malcolm’s reaction to Macduff’s love for his country? Malcolm realizes that Macduff does indeed love his country and wants the best for it. That is when he admits that all of his “vices” were fake and that he had never even said a lie before.
What news does Macduff receive towards the end of the scene? Ross at first hides the death of Macduff’s family to assure that Macduff will return to Scotland to help take over the country from Macbeth. After he agrees, he shares with him that his wife and child have been murdered.
How does he take the news? Macduff loves his family very much and is very upset. Macduff blames himself for their deaths; he was not there to protect them, and they were murdered only because he had aligned himself with the forces working to bring down Macbeth. He also agonizes thinking about the terror-filled final moments of their lives
What do Malcolm and Macduff plan to do at the end of the scene? Malcolm and Macduff plan to kill Macbeth
Act 5 Scene 1-8
Why, according to the doctor, is Lady Macbeth walking in her sleep? He says she is troubled by many hallucinations that keeps her from sleeping.
Why do you suppose Shakespeare has Lady Macbeth walk in her sleep? How is this scene related to the remarks that Macbeth makes about sleep in Act 2, Scene 2 just after he kills King Duncan? In Act 2, Scene 2, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth both say they have trouble sleeping. Shakespeare may have added this scene to show how Lady Macbeth has lost her mind as well, not just Macbeth
Macbeth was known as brave in the beginning. By act 3 they call him a tyrant, what do they call him in Act 5? They call him a crazy old man. A fallen king. He is a laughing stock
When does Lady Macbeth die? How? Lady Macbeth dies before Macbeth receives the news that the forests are moving. Macbeth wishes she would have decided to kill herself later because he’s dealing with a war and doesn’t have time to mourn. It is revealed that she killed herself because of her mental illness.
What is Macbeth’s plan for dealing with the attacking troops? Why has he been forced to choose this plan? He plans to let the troops storm the castle and fight them there. Many of his men have gone over to the other side to fight with Malcolm and Macduff
What changes in his personality does Macbeth describe in Scene 5? Nothing scares him anymore, he has done so many wrong deeds that he is unfazed by the screech of a woman.
In the speech in Scene 5 that begins “Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow,” how does Macbeth describe life? What metaphors does he use? ” All of our yesterdays have lighted fools the way to dusty death. Out, out brief candle, Life is but a walking shadow, a poor player that struts and frets his hour upon the stage and then is heard from no more. It is a tale told by a fool, full of sound and fury, signifying nothing.” Life candle,walking shadow, tale told by a fool, an actor** finish explaining
What does Macbeth mean when he says that life “is a tale told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, signifying nothing”? Life is
How are the prophecies proclaimed by the three apparitions in Act 4 fulfilled in Act 5? beware Macduff, Macduff kills Macbeth. No man born of woman can harm macbeth. Macduff was torn prematurely from his mother’s womb. Macbeth will not be defeated until Birnam Wood comes to Duncinane. Malcolm’s army carried tree branches in front of them as they approached the castle making it look like the woods were moving
At the end of the play, what has become of Macbeth? Who becomes king? Macbeth is killed by Macduff. Macdufff beheads Macbeth then crowns Malcolm as king
“Then, prophetlike, They hailed him father to a line of kings. Upon my head they placed a fruitless crown And put a barren scepter in my grip, Thence to be wrenched with an unlineal hand, No son of mine succeeding. If ‘t be so, For Banquo’s issue have I filed my mind; For them the gracious Duncan have I murdered;” Macbeth says this; has to do with his comments on the prophecy that he and Banquo have received from the witches. Although they have predicted that Macbeth will be king. Banquo, the witches say, will never be king, but his children will sit upon the throne. In other words, Macbeth may become king, but Banquo’s descendants will dominate the throne. Therefore, Macbeth sees himself as barren, or without heirs, and that his crown has no meaning. Banquo will be “father to a line of kings.” His destiny is proclaimed greater than Macbeth’s short-term wearing of the crown. He feels insulted and betrayed by the prophecy of the witches.
“Nought’s had, all’s spent, Where our desire is got without content; ‘Tis safer to be that which we destroy Than by destruction dwell in doubtful joy.” Lady Macbeth says this; They got what they wanted (Duncan dead) but they are not content. They say it is better to be killed than to live with the anxiety and guilt.
“O, full of scorpions is my mind, dear wife!” Macbeth says this; his mind is poisoned from all the killing
“It will have blood; they say, blood will have blood” Macbeth says this; talking to Lady Macbeth; killing leads to more killing
“I am in blood Stepp’d in so far that, should I wade no more, Returning were as tedious as go o’er” Macbeth says this talking to Lady Macbeth; he’s so deep in the situation that he needs to keep going than to stop or go back
“From this moment The very firstlings of my heart shall be The firstlings of my hand” Macbeth says this; he says that whatever he thinks he shall act out upon. He has been right about his “predictions” therefore he shouldn’t have to think twice about killing someone.
“Out, damned spot! out, I say!—One: two: why, then, ’tis time to do’t.—Hell is murky!—Fie, my lord, fie! a soldier, and afeard? What need we fear who knows it, when none can call our power to account?—Yet who would have thought the old man to have had so much blood in him?” Lady Macbeth says this; The ‘spot’ she is talking about is the imaginary blood she sees on her hands from the murders and other crimes she and her husband have been involved in. She then says that ‘hell is murky,’ which means that she already is in ‘hell’ or something like it, and she knows it is gloomy, or murky.
“Foul whisp’rings are abroad. Unnatural deeds Do breed unnatural troubles. Infected minds To their deaf pillows will discharge their secrets. More needs she the divine than the physician.” The doctor says this; he believes rumors of evil deeds are circulating, he suspects something about Lady Macbeth. He believes she needs a priest more than a doctor.
“I have liv’d long enough: my way of life Is fall’n into the sear, the yellow leaf; And that which should accompany old age, As honour, love, obedience, troops of friends, I must not look to have; but, in their stead, Curses, not loud but deep, mouth-honour, breath, Which the poor heart would fain deny, and dare not.” Macbeth says this; The upcoming battle will either make Macbeth secure (cheer me ever) or dethrone (disseat) him. He bitterly compares his life to a withered (sere) leaf. He cannot look forward to old age with friends and honor, but only to curses and empty flattery (mouth-honor, breath) from those too timid (the poor heart) to tell the truth.
“Canst thou not minister to a mind diseased, Pluck from the memory a rooted sorrow, Raze out the written troubles of the brain And with some sweet oblivious antidote Cleanse the stuff’d bosom of that perilous stuff Which weighs upon the heart?” Macbeth says this; He wants his wife to get better because he loves her, she’s the only one left and he feels that he’s put all of those memories inside of her. The choices that they have made and he’s causing that sickness on her. He wants the doctor to somehow cure her and get her rid of the memories.
“She should have died hereafter; There would have been a time for such a word. Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow, Creeps in this petty pace from day to day To the last syllable of recorded time, And all our yesterdays have lighted fools The way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle! Life’s but a walking shadow, a poor player That struts and frets his hour upon the stage And then is heard no more: it is a tale Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, Signifying nothing.” Macbeth says this; he wishes that she would have died at a later time because he does not have time to mourn for her. Life is meaningless. Life is like a shadow (something you can not hold on to). It’s like an actor because you never enjoy life and once it’s over its too late. he realizes his life means nothing. There’s nothing left, he ruined everything. This is when he becomes the tragic hero

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