Othello video questions + study guide

Shakespeare lived and wrote during what time period? and what was it known as? Elizabethan Era [1564]
What was the English Renaissance heavily influenced by? poetry and arts
What acting company was Shakespeare a member of and where are they most known from performing? Lord Chamberlin’s men; Globe Theater
What were the theatergoers that sat in the pit called and why? groundlings; ate hazelnuts and smelled bad
Describe the Globe Theater. stage extended into audience; performances outside; 3 story; played in daytime because of the light
All of the a parts in a play during Shakespeare’s time were performed by whom? men (young boys played women)
Who often got credit from writing Shakespeare’s plays? Francis Bacon
What types of plays did Shakespeare write and what other type of writing did he do? comedies, tragedies, roman, romance, history, also wrote two book length poems and sonnets
What is the difference between poetry and prose? poetry= concentrated language; “verse”pose=language of everyday speaking
Explain blank verse and iambic pentameter. blank verse is unrhymed and usually written in iambic pentameter. Iambic pentameter is a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables and contains five “feet” per line.
Why would Shakespeare use iambic pentameter (it is not because he just did)? the rhythm represents the closeness of our speech
What are the differences between Elizabethan Drama and Modern Drama? 1. importance of words2. real life vs stage life3. symbolic art
Explain each. 1. importance of words:E: no movies, not many props, just wordsM: visual2. real life vs stage life:E: characters are only meant to be characters M: characters are made to be real people3. symbolic art:E: M:
Why were words so important in an Elizabethan Drama? set the scene and the audience listens
How can we analyze a character in a Shakespeare play? And what is not important? characters are figures that represent people 1. by what they say2.what others say about them3. what they do-what isn’t important is what information isn’t given to us
How did Aristotle label all drama including? And where did explain this? an imitation of an action (not real life); he explained it in his books, poetics.
What is the definition of symbolism according to the film? how universals are presented by particulars
What are the characteristics of a Tragic Figure? noble figures, better than us, suffer reversal of fortune, uncommon suffering, responsible for actions, enlarge us
What are the characteristics of a tragedy? extreme suffering purging of emotions imaginative decryption of the tragic figure
Why or how is a tragedy enlightening and uplifting? And what did Yates call it? the author can focus on the essentials of the story and make the experience of the tragic character our experience; a terrible beauty
What did Aristotle call a purging of emotions? Catharsis
Who wrote Oedipus Rex? And when was it written? Sophocles; 5th century
The film uses Oedipus Rex as an example of what kind of tragedy? economical presentation
Why should one care about the Oedipus Rex or any tragedy for that matter? we are exploring the depth of human suffering; Oedipus takes responsibility for his actions
What are some characteristics of Oedipus and Tragic Figures for that matter? courage integrity, endures uncommon suffering and the response to it
What is meant by an economic tragedy? nothing extra going on in the play;
What time period do the Middle Ages occupy? tragedy; AD 500-1500
What does the film call Middle Ages tragedies and how does it define them? De Casibus Tragedy. They are teaching stories rather than dramatic stories
What is De Casibus Virorum Illustrium? 1. narrative story form 2. the fall of the main character 3. taught through a moral lesson
What are the characteristics of a De Casibus tragedy? teaches a lesson, fall of main character, more of a narrative
Explain the wheel of fortune. matter of time before you fall; the wheel keeps turning; life stinks down there; characters may be at the top of the wheel and wind up at the bottom of the wheel
What were Shakespeare’s tragedies influenced by? kind of story telling during the time; theme of life as a pattern controlled by society
How many tragedies did Shakespeare write? 10
WHich of Shakespeare’s tragedies are considered good tragedies and why? Romeo and Juliet= 6 years are Titus; doomed love of the two main characters; straight tragedy;Macbeth= 1603-1606; destroys soul to gain power; examination of evil from the inside; excellent poetry; spooky and chilling playTitus Adronicus= not a good tragedy; Hamlet= most famous tragedy; thinking person’s tragedy Othello= emotional impact; heartbreak fall of a man King Lear= grand fable; fairy-tale; king kills all who are close to him; Hamlet, Macbeth, King Lear, and Othello
How are Shakespearean tragedies like Greek Tragedies? the characters demonstrate courage and integrity and also endure uncommon suffering.
How are Shakespearean tragedies like Middle Age tragedies? they both include extreme suffering of the main character and the fall of the main character
Why do the call good tragedies economical/ what is meant by an economical tragedy? good tragedies focus on one character and that is what economical ones do. They only include what is important and don’t include extra information in the play.
Brabantio father of Desdemona
Cassio -good and proper man-lieutenant to Othello -supposedly had an affair with desdemona
Desdemona -wife of Othello-daughter of Brabantio-young, white
the Duke -boss of Othello
Emilia -wife of Iago-good-just a tool to feed Iago’s fantasies-lady in waiting of Desdemona
Gratiano -relative of Desdemona, maybe her uncle-only appears in act 5
Bianca -comes into the story to show us jealousy-might be Cassio’s lover
Iago -pure evil, the devil-deceiving, liar-angry with Othello bc he gave the lieutenant job to Cassio
Othello -every man, good-husband of Desdemona-calm-old, black
Roderigo -coward, dumb-his money is being stolen by Iago-in love with Desdemona
Lodovico -desdemona’s cousin-comes into the story to tell Othello that he has to go back to Venice and that Desdemona’s father, Brabantio, is dead
Montano -governor of Cyprus -gets injured by Cassio during the drunken fight
act 1 scene 1 line 65:”For daws peck at; I am not what I am” -Iago-saying it about himselftalking with Roderigo-appearance vs reality
act 1 scene 1 lines 88-90: “Even now, now, very now, an old black ram is tupping your white ewe. Arise, arise! Awake the snorting citizens with the bell,” -Iago-talking about Othello and Desdemonatalking to Brabantio-animal imagery: less than human-light and dark imagery: race [white and black] and purity iago is saying othello is doing the nasty with Desdemona, Brabantio’s daughter
act 1 scene 1 lines 110-113: “You’ll have your daughter covered by a Barbary horse; you’ll have your nephews neigh to you; you’ll have coursers for cousins, and gennets for Germans.” -Iago -about Othello -talking to Brabantio-animal imagery: less than human-Iago is telling brabantio that he has animals on his family
act 1 scene 1 lines 156-157: “I must show out a flag and sign of love which is ndeed but sign. that you shall surely find him,” -Iago-about -talking to Brabantio-appearance vs reality
act 1 scene 1 lines 170-173: “Fathers, from hence trust not your daughters’ minds but what you see them act. Is there not charms by which the property of youth and maidhood may be abused? Have you not read, Roderigo,” -Brabantio-about Desdemona-saying this to Roderigo-don’t trust what girls say, just see what they do-property of youth and maidhood: virginity, purity- girls are easy, they jump into bed with men easily
act 1 scene 2 lines 20-24: “Which, when I know that boasting is an honor, I shall promulgate- I fetch my life and being from men of royal siege; and my demerits may speak unbonneted to as proud a fortune as this that I have reached. For I know, Iago,” -Othello-about himself and Desdemona-saying it to Iago-shows his pride-says that Desdemona even loves the bad parts of Othello
act 1 scene 2 lines 31-33: “Not I; I must be found. My parts, my title, and my perfect soul shall manifest me tightly. It it they?” -Othello-about himself-saying it to Iago and Cassio-pride and justice-proud but not conceded
act 1 scene 2 lines 70-71: “Run from her guardage to the sooty bosom of such a thing as thou- to fear, not to delight.” -Brabantio-about Othello and Desdemona-saying it to Othello-sooty: dirty-maybe run away from Desdemona
*act 1 scene 2 lines 98-99: “For such actions may have passage free, bondslaves and pagans shall our statesmen be.” -Brabantio-about -saying it to the officer-rhyming couplets, prose-now they’re going to the Duke because he wants the marriage between Othello and Desdemona ended
act 1 scene 3 lines 61-64: “By spells and medicines bought of mountebanks; for nature so preposterously to err, being not deficient, blind, or lame of sense, sans witchcraft could not.” -Brabantio-about Othello and Desdemona-talking to everyone present-he’s talking about how Othello is black so he uses magic and potions
act 1 scene 3 lines 91-94: “Of my whole course of love- what drugs, what charms, what conjuration, and what mighty magic (for such proceeding am I charged withal) I won his daughter.” -Othello-about Desdemona-talking to Brabantio-justice-says he never used magic to win Desdemona
act 1 scene 3 lines 104-106: “That with some mixtures powerful o’er the blood, or with some dram, conjured to this effect, he wrought upon her.” -Brabantio-about Othello and Desdemona-talking to the Duke-says Othello probably used some potions over her
act 1 scene 3 lines162-166: “She wished she had not heard it; yet she wished that heaven had made her such a man. She thanked me; and bade me; if I had a friend that loved her, I should but teach him how to tell my story, and that would woo her. Upon this hint I spake.” -Othello-about himself and Desdemona-talking to the Duke-saying Desdemona came to him first, their love wasn’t intended-Desdemona fell in love with all of him, the good and the bad (true love)
act 1 scene 3 line 169: “This is the only witchcraft I have used.” -Othello-about himself and Desdemona-saying it to the Duke-says that he used no witchcraft, potions, or magic to win Desdemona’s heart-he jut told her his stories about the battlefield
act 1 scene 3 line 171: “I think this tale would win my daughter too.” -the Duke-about Othello’s love for Desdemona-talking to Othello-the Duke says that Desdemona and Othello’s love story would probably win his daughter also
act 1 scene 3 lines 186-189: “And so much duty as my mother showed to you, preferring you before her father, so much I challenge that I may profess due to the Moor my lord.” -Desdemona-about her love for Othello-talking to her father, Brabantio-talking about her mother and how using her mother’s actions justifies her decision to lie to her father about marrying Othello-this was Desdemona’s one mistake
act 1 scene 3 lines 191-195: “Thad rather to adopt a child than get it. Come hither, Moor. I here do give thee that with all my heart which, but thou has already, with all my heart I would keep from thee. For your sake, jewel,” -Brabantio-about Desdemona-speaking to Desdemona-he’s saying that he wishes he would’ve adopted a child rather than have a child related by blood-he’s happy he doesn’t have any other children
act 1 scene 3 lines 283-285: “So please your grace, my ancient; a man he is of honesty and trust. To his conveyance I assign my wife,” -Othello-about his and Desdemona’s marriage-talking to the Duke-dramatic irony, appearance vs reality -he leaves Desdemona to Iago who he thinks is “honest and trustworthy” but in reality he is pure evil
act 1 scene 3 lines 289-293: 1.) “If virtue no delighted beauty lack, your son-in-law is far more fair thank black.” 2.) “Adieu, brave Moor. Use Desdemona well.”3.) “Look at her, Moor, if thou hast eyes to see: she has deceived her father, and may thee.” 1.) -the Duke-light and dark imagery -good; purity -black and white2.) -Senator3.) -Brabantio-about Desdemona-saying it to Othello-rhyming couplet; to draw importance to-foreshadowing; if she betrayed me, her own father, she can betray you, her husband
act 1 scene 3 lines 311-316: “O villainous! I have looked upon the world for four times seven years; and since I could distinguish betwixt a benefit and an injury, I never found man that know how to love himself. Ere I would say I would drown myself for the love of a guinea hen, I would change my humanity with a baboon.” -Iago-about all men-saying it to Roderigo-“for four times seven years” meaning he’s 28 years old-animal imagery: less than human-saying he’s found men who would change or even kill themselves for love, but has never found a man that has loved himself
act 1 scene 3 lines 321-334: “thus or thus. Our bodies are gardens, to the which our wills are gardeners; so that if we will plant nettles or sow lettuce, set -Iago-about everyone-saying it to Roderigo-extended metaphor-saying that you can change yourself or do whatever you want with yourself
act 1 scene 3 lines 336-360: [too lazy to type this] [starts on page 53] -Iago-about money and Desdemona-talking to Roderigo-Iago wants Roderigo to “put money in thy purse” so tat if he kills him, all his money will be in his pockets so Iago can steal it-Roderigo thinks the money is going to buying gifts for Desdemona, but in reality it’s going into Iago’s pockets-Iago continues to make Roderigo believe Desdemona and him have hope, maybe she’ll change her mind about Othello-frail vow: marriage -Iago vs marriage-subtle Venetian: Desdemona-erring barbarian: Othello
act 1 scene 3 lines 385-406: [too lazy again] [starts on page 55] -Iago-about his plans-soliloquy: talks to himself or audience which reveals what he’s thinking about-tells us he’s using Roderigo for his money and that’s the only reason he hangs out with him-sport: fun, profit: money-he thinks Othello slept with Emilia -he knows that’s not true, but he believes it for motivation-he needs to bring both Cassio and Othello down-he’ll just start rumors that Cassio and Desdemona are having an affair-he’ll use evil ways to make his lies look true-good vs evil: hell and night-rhyming couplet at the end: show importance
act 2 scene 1 lines 121-160: [it’s too long just open your book I’m too lazy man] -conversation between Iago, Desdemona, and Emilia-Desdemona is concerned about Othello but acts like she’s happy-Iago talks about different kinds of women -says if a woman is ugly she’ll find someone who is ugly -says no man cares how smart a woman is -says an ugly and dumb girl will think she’s beautiful bc she’s dumb-Iago’s description of the perfect woman is a description of Desdemona-Iago said women are meant to do meaningless tasks and have and take care of babies
act 2 scene 1 lines 248-249: “Besides, the knave is handsome, young, and hath all those requisites in him that folly and green minds look after. A pestilent complete knave! ad the women hath found him already.” -Iago-about Cassio-saying it to Roderigo-says those who look at Cassio are envious-green: color of envy
act 2 scene 1 lines 290-316: [too lazy to type this up part 2] [it’s on page 74] -Iago-soliloquy- he can’t sleep with Desdemona so he’ll be just as happy ruining their marriage-rhyming couplet at the end: draws importance t -it’s ok to be confused, just wait for it to happen, you’ll figure out the plan
act 2 scene 3 lines 85-92: “king Stephen was a worthy peer; his breeches cost him but a crown; he held ’em sixpence a;ll too dear, with that he called the tailor lown. He was a wight of high renown, and thou art but of low degree. ‘Tis pride that pulls the country down; then take thine auld cloak about thee.” -Iago-about Othello and Cassio-to Cassio-allusion to King Stephen: his pride pulled his country down-foreshadowing: Othello’ pride an pull himself down-theme : pride
act 2 scene 3 lines 117-131: [too lazy to type it ] [starts on page 84] -conversation between Montano and Iago-about Cassio-Cassio is drunk here-allusion to King Caesar: he was betrayed and stabbed in the back by his friend and so Cassio and Othello by Iago -dramatic irony-Iago lies to Montano by telling him that Cassio gets drunk every night-Montano says that they should tell Othello about Cassio
act 2 scene 3 lines 253-256: “Reputation, reputation, reputation! O, I have lost my reputation! I have lost the immortal part of my life, and what remains is bestial. My reputation, Iago, my reputation! -Cassio-about his reputation-to Iago-Cassio’s pride is wounded-immortal: God like quality-repetition of the word “reputation”-calls himself a beast, animal imagery
act 2 scene 3 lines 271: “speak parrot! and squabble! swagger! swear!” -Cassio-saying it to Iago-alliteration, the letter “S”-animal imagery: less than human
act 2 scene 3 lines 297-320: [too lazy ] [starts on page 90] -conversation between Cassio and Iago-allusion to the Hydra: mythology creature with many heads -animal imagery: less than human -simile-line 304: appearance vs reality and dramatic irony-Iago tells Cassio to go to Desdemona and ask her to help him get his job back
act 2 scene 3 lines 330-357: [too lazy] [starts on page 91] -conversation between Cassio and Iago-line 330: appearance vs reality and dramatic irony-Iago is pure evil-Iago acts good just like the devil to make you think he’s good, in reality he’s pure evil-iago will use Desdemona’s goodness against her
act 3 scene 1 lines 42-43: “I never knew a Florentine more kind and honest.” -Casio-about Iago-saying it to Iago-he doesn’t know anything about the real Iago
act 3 scene 1 lines 45-52: “The general and his wife are talking of it, and she speaks for you stoutly. The Moor replies that he you hurt is of great fame in Cyprus and great affinity, and that in wholesome wisdom he might not but refuse you; but he protests he loves you, and needs no other suitor but his likings to take the safest occasion by the front to bring you in again.” -Emilia-about Cassio-saying it to Cassio–Emilia tells Cassio that Desdemona is already talking to Othello about him getting his job back-tells him to just be patient
act 3 scene 3 lines 26-28: “With Cassio’s suit. Therefore be merry Cassio, for thy solicitor shall rather die than give thy cause away.” -Desdemona-about Cassio-saying it to Cassio-says that when she goes to bed with Othello she’ll talk about Cassio-foreshawoding: rather die than give up on getting Cassio his job back
act 3 scene 3 lines 70-73: “Or stand so mamm’ring on. What? Michael Cassio that came a-wooing with you, and so many a time, when I spoke of you dispraisingly, Hath taken your part- to have so much to do” -Desdemona-about Cassio-saying it to Othello-nagging Othello about Cassio-says they’re best friend and that Cassio supported their marriage
act 3 scene 3 lines 91-92: “But I do love thee! and when I love thee not, chaos come again.” -Othello-about Desdemona-saying it to Desdemona-foreshadowing: when Othello stops loving her evil will come-chaos=evil-good vs evil: love and chaos
act 3 scene 3 lines 121-127: [too lazy] [starts on page 111] -conversation between Othello and Iago-line 121: dramatic irony: about Iago: we all know he is the “false disloyal knave” but Othello doesn’t -line 127: situational and dramatic irony-Iago continues to lie to convince Othello he’s good
act 3 scene 3 lines 146-148: “(As I confess it is my nature’s plague to spy into abuses, and oft my jealousy shape faults that are not), that your wisdom yet” -Iago-about himself-says it to Othello-by nature he’s jealous-when he’s jealous he makes up lies and creates problems
act 3 scene 3 lines 165-170: “O, beware my lord, of jealousy! It is the green-eyed monster, which doth mock the year it feeds on. That cockold lives in bliss who, certain of his fate, loves not his wronger; but O, what damned minutes tell he o’er who dotes, yet doubts- suspects, yet strongly loves!” -Iago-saying it to Othello-“green-eyed monster”: color imagery and animal imagery -less than human -personification of green-jealously eats you up, eats on pride-jealously mocks the people it feeds off of
act 3 scene 3 lines 189-192: “For she had eyes, and chose me. No, Iago; I’ll see before I doubt; when I doubt, prove; and on the proof there is no more but this- away at once with love or jealousy!” -Othello-about Desdemona-saying it to Iago-Iago is starting to tell Othello that Desdemona is cheating on him with Cassio-Othello says that he must see proof to believe it
act 3 scene 3 lines 206-208: “She did deceive her father, marrying you; and when she seemed to shake and fear your looks, she loved them most.” -Iago-about Desdemona-saying it to Othello-Iago is telling Othello that Desdemona lied to her father, so what why wouldn’t she lie to her husband too?
act 3 scene 3 lines 279-289: [too lazy] [starts on page 115] -conversation between Othello and Desdemona-line 285: the “pain upon his head” is the crazy ideas put into his head by Iago about Desdemona and Cassio-Desdemona loves Othello very much so she is very concerned about him-line 287: “your napkin is too little” meaning her love is too little, he pushes her love and handkerchief away-foreshadowing: the pushing away of the handkerchief foreshadows the love of Othello and Desdemona being gone-handkerchief: symbol of Othello and Desdemona’s love -Othello let it fall to the ground, pushing away their love
act 3 scene 3 lines 336-341: [too lazy] [starts on page 117] -conversation between Othello and Iago-Othello says that he wishes he knew nothing about this than to know anything about it-ignorance is bliss-all the pioneers could’ve slept with Desdemona but it would be ok as long as he didn’t know
act 3 scene 3 lines 384-390: “I think my wife be honest, and think she is not; I think that thou art just, and think thou art not. I’ll have some proof. Her name, that was as fresh as Dian’s visage, is now begrimed and black as mine own face. If there be cords, or knives, poison, or fire, or suffocating streams, I’ll not endure it. Would I were satisfied!” -Othello-about Desdemona and the affair-saying it to Iago-Othello is struggling with who to trust, Desdemona or Iago-allusion to Dian: Roman goddess -“fresh vs begrimed and black”: purity vs dirtiness-lines 384-385: appearance vs reality
act 3 scene 3 lines 397-405: [too lazy, again] [starts on page 119] -conversation between Othello and Iago-Iago says to Othello it’s hard to show him that Cassio and Desdemona are having sex -it’s hard bc they’re not doing the nasty with each other -animal imagery: less than human -goats, monkeys, wolves: very sexual animals
climax of the story! [begins at the next term!] -the climax happens when Othello picks his side: Desdemona or Iago aka good or evilhe chooses IAGO [EVIL]
act 3 scene 3 lines 448-450: “Arise, black vengeance, from the hollow hell! Yield up, O love, thy crown and hearted throne to tyrannous hate! Swell, bosom, with thy fraught, for ’tis of aspics’ tongues!” -Othello-light vs dark imagery-Othello has chosen his side, he chose Iago [EVIL]
act 3 scene 4 lines 28-33: Des: “Is true of mind, and made or no such baseness as jealous creature are it were enough to put him to ill thinking.”Em: “Is he not jealous?”Des: “Who? He? I think the sun where he was born drew all such humors from him.” -conversation between Emilia and Desdemona-Desdemona thinks there’s no way Othello could be jealous -dramatic irony: bc Othello is, in fact, jealous
act 3 scene 4 lines 39-48: [starts on page 129] [we can open our books we’re big kids now] -conversation between Othello and Desdemona-synecdoche: Othello uses Desdemona’s hand instead of Desdemona to speak [aka subtweeting her, in modern terms]-hand: love, sex-Othello thinks that her hand seems different, sweaty, moist, hot -she must be guilty of something, like cheating-Desdemona says that hand gave him her heart-Othello says that the hands of older people give their heart [love] and then sex, but the “new heraldry” just does the nasty
act 3 scene 4 lines 105-107: “They are all but stomachs, and we all but food’ they eat us hungrily, and when they are full, they belch us.” -Emilia-about men and women-saying it to Desdemona-extended metaphor: tenor: men and women, vehicle: stomachs and food-Emilia is saying that men use women and when they’re done with them they just throw them away
act 3 scene 4 lines 160-164: Em: “But jealous souls will not be answered so; they are not ever jealous for the cause, but jealous for they are jealous. ‘Tis a monster begot upon itself, born on itself.”Des: “Heaven keep that monster from Othello’s mind!” -conversation between Emilia and Desdemona-Emilia says that the monster [i’m guessing jealousy] eats on jealous souls without a cause-Desdemona wants jealousy to get away from Othello
act 4 scene 1 lines 185-186:”no, my heart is turned to stone; i strike it, and it hurts my hand.” -othello-about himself -conversation between othello and iago -verbal irony-how he has changed and his heart is hard (no feelings)
act 4 scene 2 lines 17-19: —–
act 4 scene 2 lines 71-72: “Was this fair paper, this most goodly book, made to write ‘wh*re’ upon? What committed?” -Othello-about ?-saying it to Desdemona
act 4 scene 2 lines 91-92: “that have the office opposite to Saint Peter and keep the gate of hell!” -othello-to desdemona -situational and dramatic irony-shows othello’s change and hatred toward desdemona
act 4 scene 2 lines 125-127: “hath she forsook so many nobles matches, her father and her country, all of her friends, to be called wh*re? Would it not make one weep?” -Emilia -about desdemona -says this to Iago-gives reason to desdemona’s sadness and grief
act 4 scene 2 lines 130-147: [too lazy] [on bottom of page 159-160] -conversation between Emilia, iago, desdemona -about Othello-dramatic and situational irony-shows iago’s manipulation, desdemona forgives the man who has done it, exemplifies desdemona’s goodness
3 ways Desdemona shows her goodness 1. can’t even say the word wh*re2. she’d forgive the man that started all these problems3. blames herself for everything going on
act 4 scene 2 lines 160-163: “and his unkindness may defeat my life, but never taint my love. I cannot say ‘*****.’ It doth abhor me now I speak the word; to do the act that might th’ addition earn not the world’s mass of vanity could make me.” -desdemona -to emilia and iago-dramatic irony-desdemona forgives him and tells the others of her faithfulness and how this affects her
act 4 scene 2 lines 196-200: “I tell you ’tis not very well. I will make myself known to Desdemona. If she will return me my jewels, I will give over my suit and repent my unlawful solicitation; if not, assure yourself I will seek satisfaction of you” -Rodrigo-says it to Iago-literary element?-shows Roderigo is standing up for himself and wanting to do what is “right”
act 4 scene 3 lines 26-33: Em: “come,come! You talk.Des: “my mother had a maid called Barbary. She was in love; and he she loved proved mad and did forsake her. She had a song of ‘Willow’; an old thing ’twas; but it expected her fortune, and she died singing it. That song to-night will not go from my mind; I have much to do but to go hang my head all at one side and sing it like poor Barbary. Prithee dispatch.” -Desdemona-a maid named Barbary-to Emilia-foreshadowing-talks about a woman who shares the same fate as Desdemona does and can’t get the song out of her head (hints her death)
act 4 scene 3 lines 60-102: [too lazy] [starts on page 168-169] -Emilia and desdemona -unfaithful women-dramatic irony -desdemona mentions her faithfulness showing Emilia (+audience) that she is pure
why is it men’s fault that women cheat, according to Emilia and Desdemona 1. they get jealous and hit their wives2. they sleep with other women3. women learn from them and end up doing the same things as them; they teach women how to do wrong
summary of act 5 scene 1 -Iago has to get rid of both Roderigo and Iago or just one of them to make him happy and keep his plan a secret -if Roderigo lives he’ll want his money back and may tell everyone his plan -if Cassio lives he may talk to Othello and they’ll figure out that the whole affair rumor was a lie-Othello wanted to kill Desdemona with poison, but Iago convinced him to choke her instead bc Othello couldn’t run away from that, must commit to the act and take responsibility for it-Roderigo is killed, Cassio injured
summary of act 5 scene 2 -Othello doesn’t think killing his own wife is wrong, guiltless-Desdemona is choked to death by Othello in her bed-Othello turns himself in-Emilia gets everyone into the room to see Desdemona’s dead body-Gratiano, a relative of Desdemona’s comes in, says at least her father is dead so he won’t have to see this-Emilia realizes that she gave Desdemona’s handkerchief to Iago, the guilty man, which was the only “proof” of the not-so affair-Emilia started to tell everyone about the plan, but then Iago killed her-Othello is taken into custody by the officers, but before he goes he stabs Iago-Iago doesn’t die, he just bleeds-Othello apologizes to Cassio as he is given the job of Othello-line 248: allusion to Judas: betrayed the good man, Jesus -Judas=Othello, Jesus=Desdemona-Othello kills himself
purpose and necessity of war War:-keeps othello and desdemona together-gets everyone to Cyrus (island, isolated)-bigger war is replaced by smaller war between people
plot elements ? can someone fill this one up for me lol
Cassio’s downfall Iago brings Cassio down with these steps:1. get Cassio to say something innapropriate about Desdemona in locker room talk2. get him drunk! -Cassio is a proper man so he won’t do anything stupid sober, so Iago must get him drunk bc even Cassio knows he isn’t good with alcohol -after all this Cassio gets into a fight w/ roderigo and Montano -Roderigo ran away bc he has no balls and Montano gets injured-after this Othello fires him, but he still loves Cassio
build-up of the lie of Iago -Iago subtly brings up the topic of Desdemona and Cassio extremely often so that it will start to get into Othello’s head-the ideas keep bulding up in Othello’s head and soon he can nolonger think about anything else, but Desdemona and Cassio’s affair-the jealousy blinds Othello
rhyme Are sounds that are the same or similar
alliteration Repetition of initial consonant and vowel sounds
instances of animal imagery and how and what they’re used for -used to make someone less than human-compares a character to an animalEx: iago calls othello an old black ram
repetition Repetition of any sound, word, line, or stanza within a poem
metaphor/extended A comparison of two different things {extended}
personification make something human; type of metaphor that gives an otherwise inhuman thing human characteristics
synecdoche When a part is used to represent the whole or the whole is use do represent a part
dramatic irony Creates drama/suspense; when the audience knows something the character doesn’t
verbal irony Sarcasm; what is said is not meant
irony of situation Circumstance in the story violates expectation of character/audience or both
foreshadowing Something in the story that “hints” it will happen again;increases suspense and anxiety
allusion reference to something outside of the story; something that the audience knows
soliloquy An act of speaking one’s thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers
theme Subject of discourse, discussion, meditation, or composition; the topic
Symbolism Something that has literal and figurative meaning, something that stands for itself