Miscellaneous Info(from textbook) – Macbeth

The Scottish Play -if you say Macbeth backstage of the production it brings bad luck-so the cast and crew refer to it as “the Scottish play”-accidents and injuries (particularlly sword wounds) have been common throughout the plays 400 year history-the misfortunes began with the very firstperformnce in 1606, when the actor for Lady Macbeth died backstage so Shakespeare stepped in for that role-11th century Scotland
The Globe Theater -the first performance of “Macbeth” was presented in front of King James at Hampton Court Palace-however most of Shakespeare’s plays during his time were performed in outdoor public theaters-the most well known outdoor public theater was the Globe in London-the Globe was where Shakespeare and his company performed-it was a 3-story wooden structure that could hold 3,000 people-platform stage, center of the theater-the poorer people stood on the ground around the stage(groundlings)-the performers had to depend on natural lighting-Shakespeare was creative with the lighting
The Players -the actors worked in close proximity to the groundlings, who stood very close to the stage, eating and drinking-if they didn’t like certain lines or weren’t enjoying a part of the play they would let the actors know by throwing food or jeering-the rowdiness of the audience and the fact that taverns were located very close to the theaters gave the theaters and actors a bad reputation-women were not allowed to perform-boys normally played female parts
The Fate of the Globe -in 1613, the Globe’s roof caught on fire during a performance of “Henry VIII” and the theater was destroyed-it was quickly rebuilt in the same location with a tiled roof-30 years later Oliver Cromwell and the Puritans shut down the theater-the Globe rose again in the 1990s, it was rebuilt to the same size and design of the old Globe-it officially opened in 1997 and has become one of London’s most popular tourist attractions
Characteristics of Tragedy -the intentions is to exemplify the idea that human beings are doomed to suffer, fail, or die because of their own flaws, destiny, or fate-common themes are fate, ambition, loss, defeat, loyalty, impulse or desire-they can contain several themes
Renaissance Drama -in the Middle Ages,English drama focused on religion, and moral lessons-during the Renaissance, was a rebirth of dramas from ancient Greece and Rome-comedies and tragedies-comedy- didn’t necessarily mean humorous, but a happy ending-tragedy- when a tragic hero came to an unhappy end-Shakespeare also wrote histories which we made up of stories about England’s earlier monarchs
The Greek Origins of Tragedy -both comedies and tragedies were performed as part of elaborate outdoor festivals-according to Aristotle, tragedy had the audience feeling pity for the hero and fear for all of the human beings being harmed-catharsis = cleansing-hubris = excessive pride that leads the tragic hero to challenge the gods-chorus = a group of performers who stand outside the action and comment on the aspects of the play-during Shakespeare’s day the chorus consisted of one person like a narrator
William Shakespeare -in 1592 he was first recognized as an actor, poet, and playwright-he most likely arrived in London in the late 1680s to begin his career-he left his wife Anne Hathaway and their 3 children behind in Stratford-he rarely returned home over the next 20 years-he played King Duncan in “Macbeth”-in 1594 he joined Lord Chamberlains Men which was the most prestigious theater company in England-once James succeeded Queen Elizabeth I his company was know as the King’s Men-he stopped writing plays after 1613-he died on his 52nd birthday (1616)-in 1623 two theater colleagues published his plays “First Folio”
James I of England James IJames IV of ScotlandQueen Elizabeth picked him to be the King of England when she died

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