Mendelssohn Overture to A Midsummer Night’s Dream

Felix Mendelssohn dates? 1809-1847
Mendelssohn first and second religion? Changed as it made his work more popular. Jewish, Christian
Wrote OMND aged ___? 17
Mendelssohn revived interest in which composer? Bach
Founded the __________ conservatoire in what year? Leipzig, 1843
Why was Mendelssohn unpopular in the beginning? x3 Jewish, Conservative, Wagner’s influence
Concert overture – new _________ genre romantic
Concert overtures based on the style of overtures to romantic _____? But were piece in their ____ ______. operas, own right
Concert overture features? x5 independent, 1 movement, part of concert, instrumental, had a plot
First main composer of concert overtures? Weber
Concert overtures evolved into …? symphonic poems (Liszt)
Mendelssohn had a very ______ upbringing, he was taught ____, _____________, _______ etc. (Explains conservatism/values of conservatoire.) classical, form, counterpoint, fugue
Mendelssohn = ______ between the war of the romatics. – _____ before war was in full flow Bridge, died
OMND year composed? 1826
OMND form? Sonata
Sonata form sections? Exposition, development, recapitulation
Mendelssohn met ____ in 1821 – influence Weber
Expos – P theme represents? Key? Fairies, E minor
Expos – S1 theme represents? Key? Lovers, B major
Expos – S2 theme represents? Key? Donkey, B major
Dev – P1 key? B minor
Expos and recap opening chords key? E major
Recap S1 S2 and closing material key? E major
Coda themes and keys x3 Fairies em, Lovers E, Closing chords E
OMND romatic features? x5 Programmatic, lush lovers theme, instrumentation, P in Em and S in dominant major (not relative major), coda after recap feels like end.
OMND classical features? x5 periodic phrasing, sonata form, rhythm, simple harmony, I-V relationship.
Programmatic music allows for _____________ from the norm and prioritises _____ over _______. – not “high art” deviation, story, music