Mary Shelley & Frankenstein

Interest in the common man Romantics believed in the natural goodness of humans which is hindered by the urban life of civilization.
Interest in childhood Romantics believed that the savage is noble, childhood is good, and the emotions inspired by both beliefs cause the heart to soar.
Strong senses, emotions, and feelings Romantics believed that knowledge is gained through intution rather than detuction.
Awe of nature Romantics stressed the awe of nature in art and language and the experience of sublimity through a connection with nature. Romantics rejected the rationalization of nature by the previous thinkers of the Enlightenment period.
Celebration of the individual Romantics often elevated the achievements of the misunderstood, heroic individual outcast.
Importance of imagination Romantics legitimized the individual imagination as a critical authority.
The first publication of this author’s text was listed “by anonymous” because the publisher didn’t think a book by this writer would sell. Mary Shelley
First publication of Frankenstein in 1818
How old was the author when she wrote Frankenstein? the author was 19 and published when she was 21
When and where did Shelley write Frankenstein? On a cold and rainy summer vacation in Geneva, Switzerland with soon-to-be husband, Percy Shelley and famous Romantic Poet, Lord Byron.
Who suggested the idea of writing ghost stories while on vacation with the author? Lord Byron, famous Romantic Poet
How did the author get the idea for the novel Frankenstein? – German ghost stories- Listening to the men in her group talk about scientific experiments (e.g., Darwin’s Theory of Evolution)- Dreamed about the moment the creature comes to life
In the introduction of the book, what central theme (main idea) does the author say she most wanted to address? Man trying to play God
What is the book Frankenstein’s subtitle and why? Frankenstein: The Modern PrometheusVictor Frankenstein is compared to the Greek Titan Prometheus who is credited with creating humans, giving them fire (after stealing it from Zeus), and being punished (chained to a rock, where a giant eagle pecked away at his liver each days).
Who is the explorer who rescues Victor at the beginning of the novel? Robert Walton
Where does the story begin? On Robert Walton’s ship in the Arctic
Who does Walton write to? His sister, Margaret Saville, who lives in London with her husband and children.
What is Robert Walton obsessed with? Reaching and studying the North Pole
Where do Victor Frankenstein and his family live? Geneva, Switzerland
Who is Victor’s mother (not enough to say Mrs. Frankenstein)? Caroline Beaufort
How does Victor Frankenstein’s mother die? Scarlet Fever
Who is Victor Frankenstein’s close childhood friend? Henry Clerval
Who is Victor Frankenstein’s father (not enough to say Mr. Frankenstein)? Alphonse Frankenstein
What field of study does Victor Frankenstein become fascinated with at around 13 or 14? Alchemy / Natural Philosophy
How does William die? The creature/monster strangles him in the woods outside Geneva.
Who is falsely accused, convicted, and executed for William’s murder? Justine Moritz
Where does Victor Frankenstein go to college? The University of Ingolstadt in Germany
Why doesn’t Henry attend college with Victor? His father wants him to work as a merchant in the family business
Who is the exiled and blind old man forced to live in poverty somewhere in Germany with his two children? DeLacey
Who is the main narrator in Volume II of Frankenstein? The creature/monster
How many people does the creature/monster murder? Three (William, Elizabeth and Henry)
What does the creature/monster do to help the poor family living in the cottage? Chops wood for them to cook and stay warm
What short and conceited university professor ridicules Victor Frankenstein’s previous, self-directed studies? Krempe
What Chemistry professor supports Victor Frankenstein’s pursuit of Natural Philosophy and becomes his mentor? Waldman
How does Victor’s father die? He dies from grief after Elizabeth’s murder
When Victor first leaves for the university, what is his main objective/desire? To study how to prevent death (probably due to his sorrow over his mother’s recent death)
As Victor rises to the top of his field at the university, what becomes his new/revised obsession? To discover the secret of life and create a new and noble race
Where does Victor Frankenstein collect materials to create his creature/monster? Graveyards, slaughterhouses, and disecting rooms
Why does Victor immediately run away from the creature/monster as soon as it is brought to life? He is horrified by the creature’s hideous appearance
After William’s death, where does Victor see (but not speak to) the creature/monster? In the woods outside Geneva where William was found murdered
After William is murdered, why doesn’t Victor immediately tell his family that he suspects the creature did it? Victor is afraid no one will believe him and may think he is crazy
When the creature/monster finds Victor hiking alone in the Alps, he kindly asks Victor to do what? Come to a remote cabin on the mountain and listen to his story
What bothers the creature most in the early days of his existence? Similar to a newborn infant, his senses are overwhelmed with all the new sights (light), sounds (tries to imitate the birds), and feelings (cold and hungry).
What are the first two things the creature/monster learns about fire? Brings warmth but also hurts him–later learns it makes some foods taste better
What happens to the creature/monster when he innocently enters a village in search of food? The villagers scream and throw stones at him
Where does the creature/monster find shelter? In a hovel/hut attached to a poor family’s cottage. (He peers at them through a whole in the wood.)
How does the creature/monster learn to SPEAK? He listens to the DeLacey family interact.
How does the creature/monster learn to READ? He listens as Felix teaches Safie to read–learns about the history of the human race.
After telling Victor his story, what does the creature/monster demand that Victor do for him? Create a female companion for him
How does the creature/monster learn he is ugly? Sees his reflection in a pool of water
How does the creature/monster learn about how he was created? Finds Victor’s journal in the pocket of his cloak and reads it
Why does the creature/monster decide to reveal himself to the old blind man? He is lonely and because the old man is blind, he thinks he won’t be prejudiced by his looks
What does the old man’s family do when they return and find the creature in their cottage? Safie screams and runs away, Agatha faints, and Felix beats the creature with a stick
What does the creature do when the DeLacey family flees? He burns down their cottage and vows revenge against his creator (Victor)
What injustice happens to the creature in the woods as he travels to Switzerland to find and confront Victor? He saves a girl from drowning and is shot in the shoulder by her father
What does the creature want when he first sees and stops William? He wants the boy to be his companion–thinks the boy is too young to fear his looks
Why does the creature/monster kill William? William says his father is “the magistrate, Mr. Frankenstein” and the creature thinks he is talking about Victor, his creator and enemy
Who wrote “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner”? Samuel Taylor Coleridge, who is the co-founder of the British Romanticism literary movement along with William Wordsworth, who wrote “Tintern Abbey”
What thoughtless act does the ancient mariner regret? Shooting an albatross with his bow and arrow for no reason
What two similar themes are found in both Frankenstein and “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner”? – Love all creatures (great and small)- Consequences of thoughtless behavior
Who is accused of murdering Henry Clerval? Victor Frankenstein
What is the verdict at Victor’s hearing/trial in Ireland? Not Guilty / Found Innocent
Where does Victor go to create a female monster? The remote Orkney Islands in Scotland
What does the creature/monster say to Victor when he destroys the unfinished female creature? “I will see you on your wedding night.”
What did the creature want most from humans? Friendship / Companionship
Where does Robert Walton find Victor Frankenstein in the beginning of the novel? Stranded on a block of ice in the Arctic
Who nurses Victor back to health when he falls sick with fever right after creating the monster? Henry Clerval
What happens to Victor after he sees Henry’s dead body? He falls into a long, feverish illness.
Who kills the creature/monster? No one. Walton finds the creature/monster grieving over Victor’s corpse. With his creator dead, the monster’s revenge is complete, though unsatisfying. He exists the ship and plans to kill himself.
When Victor first gets sick, what does he ask Robert Walton to do for him? Find and kill the creature/monster for him. When Victor is close to death however, he changes his mind and begs Walton to find joy and live a happy life with his loved ones.
What does Robert Walton do after Victor dies on his ship? Walton heads back home to England
A reference to a well-known figure from the Bible, Greek Mythology, or a famous literary figure is called a literary ________. allusion
Robert Walton’s voyage and letters to his sister are an example of a ________ story/narrative that sets the stage for another story. frame story/narrative (a story within a story)
Who was Mary Shelley’s mother? Mary Wollstonecraft (vindication of the rights of women)
What was the relationship between Percy Shelley and Mary Shelley? Percy was already married, but fell in love with Mary in 1814 and eloped
What happens to Percy’s previous wife? In Dec. 1816, she commits suicide
What do Percy and Mary do as a result of Harriet’s death? Get married in order to get custody of Percy and Harriet’s children
What later happens to Percy? He dies while sailing in Italy
What of Percy was not burned in the funeral pyre? His heart; it was snatched and later burned in Rome
What was another popular novel of Mary’s? The Lost Man

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