Macbeth Test

Dramatis Personae characters in a play
First Witch Graymalkin (cat), one of the weird sisters, going to curse a sailor cause his wife wouldn’t give her nuts, had a pilot’s thumb
Second Witch Paddock (toad), one of the weird sisters, was killing swine
Third Witch Anon, tells Macbeth that he’ll be king
Duncan King of Scotland, killed by Macbeth, not able to tell when people are lying
Malcolm Son of Duncan, named Prince of Cumberland, tells soldiers to each grab a tree branch, escapes to England, rightful heir to the crown
King of Norway who was fighting Scotland
Original Thane of Cawdor Committed treason. Macbeth then became Thane of Cawdor. Will be executed
Sergeant Tells Duncan of Macbeth’s wins in battle, he talks to Duncan but needs to be treated for his wounds
Macdonwald A traitor to King Duncan. Macbeth unseams him from the nave to the chops.
Lennox Nobleman of Scotland, loyal to Duncan
Macbeth Thane of Glamis, Thane of Cawdor, King – murderer; overly ambitious, gets increasingly paranoid, killed by Macduff, turns down way to not die
Banquo Macbeth’s best friend, all his sons will be kings, suspects Macbeth, killed by hired murderers, his ghost shows up later in the play
Ross Macbeth’s cousin. Scottish nobleman who eventually turns on Macbeth. In Scottish army with Agnus. Talks with Old Man of the strange happenings, including horses eating each other.
Angus Nobleman of Scotland and supporter against Macbeth
Lady Macbeth Macbeth’s wife who is the true mastermind behind Duncan’s murder, she accuses him of not being a man, can’t murder Duncan but makes fun of Macbeth for not being able to do it, sleepwalks due to guilt, killed
Fleance Banquo’s son, escapes murderers, will become king, leads Banquo by torch rather than Macbeth leaving by imaginary dagger
Porter speaks in prose, imagines that he’s opening the door for people going to hell
Macduff A Scottish nobleman hostile to Macbeth’s kingship from the start. The crusade’s mission is to place the rightful king, Malcolm, on the throne, but Macduff also desires vengeance for Macbeth’s murder of Macduff’s wife and young son, kills Macbeth and brings his head out, born through c-section, thane of fife, gives Macbeth the option to live
Donalbain Duncan’s son, escapes to Ireland
Old Man Talked to Ross about an owl killing a falcon and Duncan’s horses turning cannibal
First Murderer Tells Macbeth that the murder was successful
Second Murderer accepts the third murderer right away
Third Murderer added later, only says Macbeth to show why he’s there
Ghost of Banquo (not different character but I deem it as important to know about) Who enters and sits in Macbeth’s place at the banquet, shows up with the 8 kings
Hectate The goddess of witchcraft, who helps the three witches work their mischief on Macbeth
Lord talks to Lennox about how the throne should be Malcolm’s
First Apparition Armed head, tells Macbeth to beware of Macduff
Second Apparition Bloody child, tells Macbeth that no man that is woman born will harm Macbeth
Third Apparition a child that is crowned with a tree in his hand, tells him that Birnam wood to high Dunsinane hill shall come against him
Eight Kings representation of Banquo’s sons being king
Lady Macduff Macduff’s wife, gets murdered by the first murderer
Son of Macduff One of the Macduff children who are murdered on Macbeth’s orders, has an intellectual conversation about his father with his mom
Messenger (Lady Macduff) Tells Lady Macduff to leave
Doctor says that Lady Macbeth needs a priest rather than a doctor
Gentlewoman Attending on Lady Macbeth, tells the doctor that she won’t repeat what Lady Macbeth said because no one else was there
Mentieth Scottish nobleman who reports the nearness of rebel forces and their burning desire for revenge.
Caithness Scottish noble
Seyton an officer of Macbeth, tells Macbeth that his wife died,
Siward Earl of Northumberland, general of the English forces
Soldiers told to all have a branch in hand (Birnam Wood coming)
Young Siward Siward’s son, slain by Macbeth in combat
So characters are done, time for scene summaries so that we can figure out those quotes and plot questions
Act 1, Scene 1 Summary- Three witches are going to meet Macbeth once the conflict is over, fair is foul and foul is fairCharacters- The weird sisters
Act 1, Scene 2 Summary- Duncan learns of the success on the war front and names Macbeth the thane of Cawdor, Macbeth forces the King of Norway to retreat to Saint Colme’s inch and give $10,000. The original Thane of Cawdor will be executed for treason.Characters- Duncan, Sergeant, Malcolm, and Ross
Act 1, Scene 3 Summary- Witches tell Macbeth and Banquo their prophecies, and one comes trueCharacters- Witches, Macbeth, Banquo
Act 1, Scene 4 Summary- Duncan names Malcolm the Prince of Cumberland. Macbeth thinks of killing some more. Duncan says that he can’t differentiate truthful and deceitful people.Characters- Duncan and Macbeth
Act 1, Scene 5 Summary- Lady Macbeth is given a letter by Macbeth, She decides that they must figure out a way to kill Duncan.Characters- Lady Macbeth, Macbeth
Act 1, Scene 6 Summary- Lady Macbeth welcomes the King to the castleCharacters- Lady Macbeth, Duncan, Banquo
Act 1, Scene 7 Summary- Macbeth goes through all the reasons to not kill Duncan, but Lady Macbeth convinces him that he shouldCharacters- Lady Macbeth, Macbeth
Act 2, Scene 1 Summary- Macbeth runs into Banquo and Fleance on his way to the King’s room; soliloquy about Macbeth and his dagger.Characters- Banquo, Fleance, Macbeth
Act 2, Scene 2 Summary- Lady Macbeth and Macbeth argue about the afterwards of the killing; Lady Macbeth frames the soldiers. They both seem like they’re feeling guilty.Characters- Macbeth, Lady Macbeth
Act 2, Scene 3 Summary- Everyone reacts to the death of Duncan. Macbeth kills the guards, and Malcolm and Donalbain decide to run away.Characters- Porter, Macbeth, Macduff, Donalbain, Lennox, Malcolm, Banquo
Act 2, Scene 4 Summary- They discuss unnatural things in nature. The horses start eating each other. It is dark out when it shouldn’t be. A falcon was killed by an owl.Characters- Ross and Old Man
Act 3, Scene 1 Summary- Macbeth meets with the murderers about killing Banquo, and Macbeth and Banquo are starting to question each other. Characters- Banquo, Macbeth, Lady Macbeth, Murderers
Act 3, Scene 2 Summary- Lady Macbeth and Macbeth argue over what to do with Banquo. Macbeth is now in power instead of Lady Macbeth.Characters- Lady Macbeth, Macbeth
Act 3, Scene 3 Summary- The murderers kill Banquo, but Fleance escapes.Characters- Banquo, Murderers
Act 3, Scene 4 Summary- Macbeth and Lady Macbeth and Dinner guests meet up. Macbeth learns that Fleance escaped. He sees Banquo’s ghost, and everyone thinks he has gone insane. Lady Macbeth yells at him to get his act together.Characters- Macbeth, Lady Macbeth, Murderer 1, Ghost of Banquo (doesn’t talk)
Act 3, Scene 5 Summary- Witches meet an angered HectateCharacters- Hectate
Act 3, Scene 6 Summary- Lennox and another Lord have a conversation which shows that they have seen through Macbeth’s lies and know that he is responsible for the murder of Banquo and King Duncan. They also wish Macduff well, because he has gone to England for help in freeing Scotland from the tyrant Macbeth.Characters- Lennox, Lord
Act 4, Scene 1 Summary- Macbeth meets up with the three witches, who call on the Apparitions to give Macbeth three pieces of information. Eight kings appear, which represent Banquo’s sons. Lennox tells Macbeth that Macduff left and Macbeth says that he’ll kill Macduff’s family.Characters- Macbeth, the witches, The Apparitions, Lennox
Act 4, Scene 2 Summary- Lady Macduff finds out that her husband left her and her children where they will likely die. Her son and Lady Macduff discuss traitors and how everyone who lies is a traitor but then the traitors are dumb. Lady Macduff and her son get killed by the first murderer.Characters- Lady Macduff, Son, Ross
Act 4, Scene 3 Summary- Malcolm is trying to decipher whether Macduff is loyal to Macbeth or Scotland. Malcolm says that he would be a bad King to test Macduff’s loyalty. Then, Malcolm refutes it all and says that actually he’ll be a good king and they decide that they should attack Macbeth because Macbeth’s army will join. Macduff learns that his family was murdered.Characters- Malcolm, Macduff, Ross
Act 5, Scene 1 Summary- Lady Macbeth is sleepwalking due to her overwhelming guilt over Duncan’s death. The doctor and gentlewoman are there to listen to what she says; the doctor believes that she needs a priest rather than a doctor.Characters- Doctor, Gentlewoman, Lady Macbeth
Act 5, Scene 2 Summary- The Scottish lords discuss Macbeth’s tormented soul. The lords decide to follow Macduff.Characters- Menteith, Angus, Caithness, Lennox
Act 5, Scene 3 Summary- Macbeth relies on the prophecies to make his decisions. He talks to Seyton and the doctor.Characters- Macbeth, Seyton, Doctor
Act 5, Scene 4 Summary- The lords get ready to fight. Malcolm has all the soldiers grab a branch such that the wood can come to Dunsinane. Characters- Malcolm, Menteith, Siward, Macduff
Act 5, Scene 5 Summary- Macbeth has Seyton investigate the crying out and finds out the Lady Macbeth died. His famous “Tomorrow speech”. Birnam Wood is coming towards the castle.Characters- Macbeth, Seyton, Messenger
Act 5, Scene 6 Summary- Malcolm tells the men to put down the branches and then the attack against Macbeth begins. Characters- Malcolm, Siward(7-9), Macduff (10-11)
Act 5, Scene 7 Summary- Macbeth kills young SiwardCharacters- Macbeth, Young Siward, Macduff, Siward
Act 5, Scene 8 Summary- Malcolm and Siward had little issues capturing the kingdom. Macduff and Macbeth do battle. Macbeth boasts that he cannot be harmed by “one of woman born,” but Macduff replies that he was “from his mother’s womb / Untimely ripp’d.” They fight on and Macduff kills Macbeth. Siward is told of Young Siward’s death. Malcolm is declared King. Characters- Macduff, Macbeth, Malcolm, Siward, Ross
STUDY GUIDE QUESTIONS ANSWERS WOOHOOO (These are my answers so technically could be wrong)
How are the characters different from what we might expect? (1.1) They talk in unison. They look like they’re not human. They talk differently. They appear from a different part of the stage.
What special ability do they have?And what do they say that reveals this ability? (1.1) They may have the ability to tell the future. They say when the battle will be over.
Where will these characters meet next? (1.1) They will meet upon the heath before the sun sets.
Who will these characters meet in this place? (1.1) Macbeth
What are two equivocations that they say? (1.1) “When the battle’s lost and won””Fair is foul and foul is fair”
Who if Macbeth fighting against? (1.2) He is fighting against Macdonwald and the forces of Norway. The thane of Cawdor was a traitor.
What’s a thane? (1.2) Scottish title of nobility
What is the Thane of Cawdor’s punishment for treason (being a traitor) and who will benefit from this? (1.2) He will be executed. Macbeth will benefit because Duncan has declared him the new thane.
Without having met Macbeth what do we already know about him? (1.2) He is seen as a brave fighter. He is also related in some capacity to royalty.
Why is the first witch mad at the sailor’s wife and what is she going to do to “get back” at her? (1.3) The sailor’s wife wouldn’t give her nuts when she asked for it. She’s going to make her husband go insane by impacting his sleep.
The first witch says: “Though his bark cannot be lost, / Yet it shall be tempest tossed.” What clues does this give us about the witches’ power? (1.3) They cannot kill someone so they’re power is not complete.
What’s unusual about what Macbeth says when he first enters the scene? What does this suggest about the witches and Macbeth? Why might he say this after the battle? (1.3) He says “so foul and fair a day” which is similar to what the witches said earlier. They might have some influence over Macbeth. They won the war, which is good, but there was death, which is bad.
What are the three prophecies the witches give Macbeth? (1.3) He is the Thane of GlamisHe is the Thane of CawdorHe will be King
What are the three prophecies the witches give Banquo? (1.3) Lesser than Macbeth, and greaterNot so happy, yet much happierHis sons will be kings
What happens that make Macbeth think the witches can predict the future? (1.3) Ross tells him that he is now the Thane of Cawdor (he is already the Thane of Glamis)
Explain Banquo’s statement: “But ’tis strange / And oftentimes to win us to our harm / The instruments of darkness tell us truths.” (1.3) He is skeptical of evil motives. The witches are “considered evil” and gave them the prophecies.
What do the witches’ predictions make Macbeth think about doing? (1.3) He is considering murdering Duncan.
What two different choices is Macbeth talking about when he says, “If chance may crown me king, why chance may crown me without my stir” (1.3) Either I let fate make me king or I take fate into my own hands and become king
What does Macbeth want to do with Banquo when they get a chance? (1.3) He wants to discuss the witches and their prophecies.
What do Duncan’s lines about the first Thane of Cawdor- “There’s no art to tell the mind’s construction in the face”- tell us about Duncan’s ability to read character? (1.4) He is unable to differentiate between liars and truth tellers.
What big announcement does Duncan make and how does Macbeth react to the announcement? (1.4) Duncan names Malcolm the Prince of Cumberland, this makes Macbeth think of murdering again.
How does Lady Macbeth first hear about the witches’ prophecies and what does she see as Macbeth’s weakness? (1.5) She gets a letter from Macbeth on his way home. She believes that he his too full of human kindness to be king.
Why does Lady Macbeth want Macbeth to hurry home? (1.5) She wants to discuss killing Duncan with him.
What news does the messenger bring Lady Macbeth? (1.5) Macbeth and the King are coming to her house tonight.
Who does Lady Macbeth ask for help and what does she ask to have done? (1.5) She ask spirits to unsex her in order for her to be able to do this sinful deed. She needs her feminine emotion removed.
When Macbeth arrives, what does Lady Macbeth encourage him to do? How does he react to her idea? (1.5) He should kill him. He says that they’ll discuss this later.
When Lady Macbeth tells Macbeth to “look like the innocent flower / But be the serpent under it,” what is she telling him to do? (1.5) He needs to put up a facade around Duncan but be violent and be able to kill him.
How does Duncan feel about Macbeth’s castle? (1.6) It has pleasant air and is a nice home. He is unable to tell when he is in trouble.
How does Lady Macbeth greet Duncan? (1.6) We are so honored to have you here and your majesty loads our house.
Macbeth’s long speech is known as what type of dramatic speech? (1.7) Soliloquy
List five reasons why Macbeth convinces himself it would be a bad idea to kill Duncan. (1.7) Duncan trusts him as his kinsman, subject, and host. Duncan is a good king. It would provide the people the option that when they don’t like other people they can kill them.
What arguments does Lady Macbeth use to try to get Macbeth to kill Duncan? (1.7) He is not a man; he needs to keep his word.
What is the plan that Lady Macbeth and Macbeth devise to get away with the murder? (1.7) They’re going to frame the guards and drug them beforehand.
At the end of Act I, who seems the most interested in carrying out Duncan’s murder? (1.7) Lady Macbeth (she convinces Macbeth)
How does Macbeth first react to Banquo’s comment that he has dreamt about the witches? What else does he say that makes us suspect that his first reaction was a lie? (2.1) He says that he hasn’t even thought about them, but asks him to discuss them in further detail later.
What does Macbeth see and where is it leading him? (2.1) He sees a floating dagger, which leads him to Duncan’s room.
Why didn’t Lady Macbeth kill Duncan herself? (2.2) He reminded her of her father sleeping.
After committing the murder, Macbeth hears Duncan’s sons praying, and he gets upset because he cannot say something along with them. What can’t Macbeth say and why can he probably not say this at this moment? (2.2) He cannot say Amen because he’s committing a sinful act.
What does this voice say will happen to Macbeth now that he has killed Duncan? (2.2) He has killed sleep, and he will not sleep.
What mistake does Macbeth make that makes Lady Macbeth angry? (2.2) He didn’t leave the daggers with the guards or leave blood on them.
How does Macbeth feel after the murder and what finally forces him to stop thinking about it and go to bed? (2.2) He is guilty and hears a lot of knocking. Lady Macbeth forces him to clean off and go to bed because otherwise they’ll get caught.
Define “comic relief” and what character represents this? (2.3) The porter is an example of this. Comic relief is when a scene is funny during a relatively dark act in a piece of theater.
How is the Porter’s language different than the rest of the play? (2.3) He speaks in prose
Who is to blame for Duncan’s death (according to Lennox)? (2.3) They believe it’s Malcolm and Donalbain
What announcement does Macbeth make about Duncan’s guards? Why did he really kill them? (2.3) He killed them because he was so hurt by their actions. He needs to keep them from telling the truth of what happened.
How do the other characters react to Macbeth’s announcement? What does Lady Macbeth do to get Macbeth herself out of this situation? (2.3) They’re skeptical, so Lady Macbeth faints.
What do Malcolm and Donalbain decide to do at the end of this scene? How do you think this will impact what the other characters think about Duncan’s sons? (2.3) Malcolm leaves to England and Donalbain leaves to Ireland. They will either think they’re trying to help Scotland or that they are guilty.
What is “doubling” and when we are introduced to the “Old Man” what actor could play this role? (2.4) Doubling is when one actor plays several roles in the same play. The Old Man could have been played by the actor who plays Duncan.
According to the Old Man’s report strange things occurred in nature on the night that Duncan was murdered. List them. (2.4) It was dark during the day. The horses started eating each other. An owl killed a falcon.
Who is now King of Scotland? (2.4) Macbeth
What is Banquo thinking about in terms of the witches’ predictions and the recent events? (3.1) He is worried that Macbeth has done something stupid, but also wonders why he has not received his prophecies.
What event do Macbeth and Lady Macbeth ask Banquo to attend? (3.1) A dinner with other lords
What questions does Macbeth ask Banquo when he learns that Banquo may not be able to attend the function? (3.1) Ride you this afternoon?Is’t far you ride?Goes Fleance with you?They’re all questions you ask when you want to know exactly where someone will be (planning to kill him)
What is unusual about Macbeth’s treatment of Lady Macbeth in 3.1? (3.1) He is in charge and won’t tell her his plans instead of vice versa
What does Macbeth decide he needs to do to protect his throne? Who does he enlist to help him? (3.1) He needs to kill Banquo and his son. Two murderers
How does Macbeth convince the murderers to kill Banquo? (3.1) He tells them that Banquo is the reason they’re suffering. He’s their mortal enemy.
In whose place would the Macbeth’s rather be in? Why? (3.2) They would rather be Duncan (dead). Then, they wouldn’t have to live with their guilt
What does Lady Macbeth try to encourage Macbeth to do? (3.2) She tries to get him to leave well enough alone and not kill Banquo.
When Lady Macbeth learns of Macbeth’s latest plan, how does she react? Who do you think is most responsible for this plan and how is this different than before? (3.2) He must leave this talk and plan. He is control rather than Lady Macbeth telling him what to do.
How many murderers are in this scene and how is this different than before? What are the murderers discussing? (3.3) There are three rather than two. They’re trying to determine if the third is truly there with the same orders.
During the murder attempt, who manages to escape? (3.3) Fleance
Where does the scene take place? (3.4) At the castle, at a dinner party with a bunch of other nobles.
Who comes first to see Macbeth and what news do they bring? (3.4) The first murderer tells him the Banquo is dead but Fleance escaped.
Who is the “unexpected guest” at the feast? (3.4) The ghost of Banquo shows up.
How does Lady Macbeth attempt to explain her husband’s behavior? (3.4) She says that he has a rare medical condition and has fits sometimes.
How is dramatic irony used with the appearance of the guest? (3.4) The audience can see it and knows about the death of Banquo but the members of the nobility cannot see it and do not know of Banquo’s death.
What does “Blood will get Blood” mean? (3.4) The blood of one murder will seek out the blood of another murder. What goes around comes around
Who is missing at the celebration and how does Macbeth react to his/her absence? (3.4) Banquo is missing, he says that he hopes that they’re okay.
What is different about this scene? Why could this be? (3.5) It isn’t written in the normal iambic pentameter and it includes music. It shows that another writer could’ve written this section.
Who is Hecate and why is she angry? (3.5) She is the leader of the witches. They did not tell her that they were going to talk with Macbeth and now she feels that they will not benefit from his actions.
List the four things Lennox retells according to the way Macbeth presented the information. (3.6) Macbeth cared for Duncan, but he is dead.Macbeth was friend’s with Banquo but he walked out too late and Fleance killed him.Malcolm and Donalbain killed their father. Macbeth killed the two guards out of rage.
Where is Malcolm when all of this is going on and who has gone to look for him? (3.6) He is in the English court trying to get help to defeat Macbeth. Macduff went to fine him and awake Siward
Where does this scene take place and who are the main characters in the scene and what are they doing? (4.1) A cavern with the three witches brewing something
How is Macbeth’s treatment of the witches different than before? (4.1) He’s more forceful and demanding.
When Lennox arrives and tells Macbeth that Macduff has fled to England, what does Macbeth say he’ll do? (4.1) He’s going to kill Macduff’s family
What is the new location and characters this scene introduces? (4.2) It’s the Macduff castle and Lady Macduff and her son
What comment does Lady Macbeth make about birds and what does she mean? (4.2) “For the poor wren, the most diminutive of birds, will fight, her young ones in her nest, against the owl” She is saying that instead of fleeing without his family, Macduff should’ve stayed and fought Macbeth or brought them with.
What do Lady Macduff and her son discuss? How do we know the Macduff’s son is pretty smart? (4.2) The discuss lying. Lady Macduff says that any liar is a traitor and should be hung, but her son responds that the liars are dumb then because they far outnumber the truth tellers and should just overtake them. He is talking about advance concepts at a young age.
What happens to Lady Macduff and her son? Why do you think this happens? (4.2) They are killed by one of Macbeth’s murderers. Macbeth is becoming more paranoid and believes he must kill any perceived threat.
Who are the first two characters on stage and what are they discussing? (4.3) Malcolm and Macduff are discussing the next steps in their battle against Macbeth. Malcolm is trying to test Macduff’s loyalty so we says why he would be a bad king (lying) but then refutes it once Macduff proves his loyalty.
At first, does Malcolm say that he would be a better ruler than Macbeth or a worse ruler? (4.3) Worse
What conclusion does Malcolm eventually reach? (4.3) Macduff is loyal to Scotland not Macbeth or Malcolm.
What news does Ross bring and how eager is he to share it? (4.3) He must tell Macduff that his family has been killed. No, he uses equivocation and runs around the subject.
When Malcolm encourages Macduff to seek revenge, what observation about Macbeth does Macduff make? Why would Macduff point this out? (4.3) Macbeth’s time is up. It gives justification for killing him
How is Macduff’s response to this injury different than what any other male character would do? (4.3) He is emotional while the other male characters tell him to man up and fight for revenge.
What is Lady Macbeth doing at night and why does she have this problem? (5.1) She is sleepwalking due to her guilt. She is getting up and acting like she is washing her hands and is unable to clean a spot. She cannot get her hands clean. She is crying and cannot clean her conscience. Then goes back to bed.
What specific scene from the play is she reenacting? (5.1) Act 2, Scene 2
Why wouldn’t the gentlewoman have told anyone about this sooner? (5.1) Fear and there was no other witness
Where will the group of soldiers meet Malcolm and Macduff and their troops from England? (5.2) Birnam Wood
What does Angus say about Macbeth’s soldiers? (5.2) They are not loyal to Macbeth because they like him; they’re only acting under him because they’re afraid.
What news does the messenger bring Macbeth and how does Macbeth treat him? (5.3) There are ten thousand soldiers. He is rude and doesn’t believe him.
Why would Macbeth treat the servant this way? (5.3) He is not happy and he is taking the words of the apparitions at face value
Who is Macbeth’s head servant? (5.3) Seyton
What does Macbeth ask the doctor? What’s unusual about the way he asks this? (5.3) How is his patient. The patient is his wife and he’s very matter of fact about it
How would you describe the relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth at this point in time? (5.3) It is tense and distant.
Who is in charge of this scene and what is his first major order? (5.4) Malcolm is in charge and tells every soldier to cut down a tree branch.
What does Malcolm say and what does he mean about people serving Macbeth? (5.4) The only people who are fighting for him are forced to and don’t really have their hearts in the game.
Why isn’t Macbeth afraid when he hears the women scream? (5.5) He’s too used to horrors.
What news does the head servant bring and how does Macbeth react? (5.5) He tells him that his wife has died. Macbeth says that she would have died eventually.
What information does the other messenger bring? (5.5) Birnam wood looked like it was moving
Who is most interested in killing Macbeth and why does this character think they have to be the one to kill Macbeth? (5.7) Young Siward because he must prove himself.
Why does Macbeth refuse to fight Macduff? (5.8) He doesn’t want to kill another person
What does Siward want to know about his son’s death? (5.8) If he was killed from the front or back.
How did Lady Macbeth die? (5.8) She committed suicide
equivocation the use of ambiguous language to conceal the truth
Hamartia tragic flaw which causes a character’s downfall
Anagnorisis recognition or discovery on the part of the hero; change from ignorance to knowledge; continues to keep going in old ways
Peripeteia reversal of fortune
iambic pentameter The pairing of one unstressed and one stressed syllable makes an iamb. The rhythm created by using them is called an iambic rhythm. He uses 5 of these per a line, which makes it 5 iambic feet. Since there are 5 feet the resulting meter is pentameter. Thus, Shakespeare is using iambic pentameter.
Rhymed verse Consists of a verse with end rhyme and iambic pentameter
Blank Verse unrhymed iambic pentameter
Prose the ordinary form of written language, no rhythm or meter
tetrameter 4 feet per line
Soliloquy A long speech expressing the thoughts of a character alone on stage
Monologue A long speech made by one performer or by one person in a group.
Aside a line spoken by an actor to the audience but not intended for others on the stage or maybe for only one other character

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