Macbeth Test

The number “3” keeps occurring throughout Macbeth in various ways. Identify 5 examples from the play where things occur in groups of 3. In the play the number 3 is an important number and we see that there are 3 witches, Macbeth killed 3 people in the same night, the witches approach Macbeth with 3 names, he has felt guilty (envisioned things) 3 times and 3 apparitions. 3 murderers, 3 prophesies.
The third witch’s attendant, Harpier cries “Tis time, Tis time.” What is it time for? It is time to make their poison/brew in the cauldron, which will affect Macbeth.
Use your senses and imagine the brew that is being concocted. Using the descriptions given in scene I, list the ingredients. How do you imagine the brew would smell, taste, look? The ingredients include a toad, a snake, a frog’s tongue, fur from a bat, a dog’s tongue, a lizard’s leg, an owl’s wing, a scale of a dragon, a wolf’s tooth, a Jew’s liver, a goat’s bile, a Turk’s nose, a Tartar’s lips and the finger of a baby. I would imagine the brew to smell horrid/disgusting and also taste disgusting as well. Not only that but it would disgusting with the ingredients that it is made from.
Analyze the lines that begin “I conjure you by that which you profess…” spoken by Macbeth. What images are described? What is the effect? Macbeth says that he doesn’t care what their powers effect as long as he gets the answers he wants. He doesn’t care if they unleash violent winds that tear down churches, make waves overwhelm ships which kill the sailors, flatten crops and trees, make castles fall down on their inhabitants’ heads, make palaces and pyramids collapse, and mix up everything in nature.
What are the 3 apparitions and what do they symbolize? Apparition #1- Armed, helmeted head; Beware Macduff Apparition #2- Bloody child -No man born of a woman can harm Macbeth. Apparition #3- A crowned child holding a tree. Macbeth will be fine until the forest (Birnam wood) spreads to Dunsinon hill- Macbeth sees that he will rule for a long time
What is the first prophesy? The first prophesy is for Macbeth to beware of Macduff.
The second apparition claims that “none of woman born shall harm Macbeth.” How does Macbeth interpret this prediction? Macbeth interprets this as him being invincible seen everyone is born from a woman. False security.
What is the third prophesy? The third prophesy says that nothing will happen to Macbeth until the woods comes to the castle so once again a false sense of security is put upon Macbeth.
Why won’t the spirits reveal Banquo’s destiny? The spirits won’t reveal Banquo’s destiny because they believe that he has seen enough but they show him anyway.
What vision does Macbeth see (detailed in stage direction)? What does this vision tell him? The vision is the descendants of Banquo as king’s, a long line in fact and some of them rule more than just one country.
Find an example of alliteration. “For the blood-bolter’d Banquo”
At the close of scene I, Macbeth speaks of killing Macduff and his family. How does his attitude toward murder differ from earlier in the play when he murdered Duncan? He does not think of the pros and cons he just wants to go for it. He doesn’t care as much because crime has come easier for him now. Also highlights that Macbeth has lost it.
In the beginning of the scene, Lady Macduff (Wife) makes references to birds. How does this use of imagery both highlight her noble intentions and yet suggest she will be powerless against the murderers? She uses the reference of birds because a mother bird will do anything to protect her babies even if they’re destined to lose. Although she knows they will be killed she is still going to try her best to protect them from the murderers.
Why is Ross so hesitant to speak plainly to his cousin (Lady Macduff)? Ross doesn’t trust himself with her because he has feelings for her. Also he can’t speak/ tell her too much because that will put her in danger.
Macduff’s son asks, “What is a traitor?” Then, 8 lines later, he makes a mature observation about liars and fools. Why is this unusual pairing of ideas significant? It is unusual because he says that honest men who hang dishonest men and not honest themselves. The liars can get rid of all the good men because there are more liars then honest men.
Who sent the Messenger? Why do you think Shakespeare included this brief warning in the form of a messenger? Lennox or Lady Macbeth could have warned them and the messenger was included to show that more people are becoming suspicious of Macbeth even people that are close to him. Makes the suspense greater.
How do Lady Macduff’s ideas about herself compare with Lady Macbeth’s? Lady Macduff needs a man as support while Lady Macbeth is very independent.
How do Malcolm and Macduff’s attitudes differ? Malcolm and Macduff’s attitudes differ because Malcolm is more hesitant compared to Macduff who is ready to go fight Macbeth. Not only that but Malcolm did not trust Macduff right away but Macduff easily trusted Malcolm. Malcolm takes his time to make a plan.
What is ironic about Malcolm’s comment to Macduff that Macbeth “has no touched you yet…”? Malcolm’s comment is ironic because the audience knows that Macbeth has killed Macduff’s family so it has touched him but he just doesn’t know it yet.
What evidence is there that young Malcolm is wise and shrewd? Malcolm is seen as wise and shrewd because he doesn’t easily trust and puts Macduff through a test to see if he is trustworthy. This is wise because we have seen previously what happens if you trust too easily for example Banquo. He takes his time, doesn’t rush into anything, he makes a careful plan. Malcolm has been gathering an army the whole time he has been in England.
Summarize the test that Malcolm gives Macduff. Malcolm tells Macduff maybe its better that Macbeth is king. Macduff asks why and Malcolm tells Macduff a bunch of flaws that would make a bad king. Even after this Macduff says he will be better than Macbeth. After Macduff says this he has passed Malcolm’s test and is now trusted.
What good news is revealed in the passage that begins, “Macduff, this noble passion…”? The good news that is revealed in that passage is that Macduff has passed Malcolm’s test of seeing if Macduff is trustworthy and honorable.
Why does Ross hesitate to tell Macduff the unpleasant truth about his wife and son? Ross hesitates to tell Macduff the unpleasant truth about his wife and son because the people of Scotland are ready to fight and he needs to get the news to the King. Also this news would make Macduff distraught which would be bad. His loyalty must be to his king first.
Whom does Macduff blame and why? What does he vow? Macduff blames himself because he left them without any protection. He vows to go face to face with Macbeth and kill him.
When the scene opens, the gentlewoman is hesitant to report what she has heard Lady Macbeth mutter in her sleep. Why? She is hesitant to report what she has heard of Lady Macbeth because if she tells someone what the queen is saying they will believe it to be treason. So she shows the doctor what Lady Macbeth is doing so there is a witness.
What is happening to Lady Macbeth? Lady Macbeth is sleepwalking/ talking. She is reliving the night Macbeth and herself killed Duncan. She also talks about the murder of Banquo and Lady Macduff. Her guilt is so overwhelming so she is losing her sanity.
How is she a tragic figure? Lady Macbeth is a tragic figure because the guilt has now gotten to her and it is making her insane.
Lady Macbeth says, “Wash your hands; put on your nightgown; look not so pale! I tell you yet again, Banquo’s buried. He cannot come out on ‘s grave!” To whom is she “speaking” and what does this line indicate to you? She is reliving the past so she is speaking to Macbeth and this line combines two of the murders so it reveals that Lady Macbeth is getting confused and is reaching her downfall.
Caithness makes reference to the fact that some think Macbeth is mad while others think it is “valiant fury.” Is Macbeth insane? Why or why not? Yes, I believe Macbeth has become insane because the guilt of the murders has gotten to him. I can also tell he has gone insane by the way he treats people. Finally Macbeth has turned insane because he is having crazy hallucinations.
Scene iii marks the first appearance of Macbeth since the scene with the witches in scene i of Act IV. How has his demeanor changed? Macbeth’s attitude has changed. He is no longer an honorable leader but an insane leader.
Does the soliloquy that begins, “Seyton! I am sick at heart…” evoke sympathy for Macbeth? Why or why not? Yes it does because he is beginning to feel sorry for himself and question his safety. Not only that but he questions everything he has done.
What does it indicate about Macbeth that he will don his armor before it is needed? This indicates that Macbeth is beginning to question the prophecies and starting to question his safety.
What is Macbeth’s mental state as he speaks the lines that begin “Bring it after me! I will not be afraid?” Macbeth is what I believe to be insane because all of his emotions are coming at once and it seems like he doesn’t even know what he is talking about anymore.
What is the setting of the scene? To what does this alert the audience? The setting of the scene is behind Birnam wood. This alerts the audience that they are closer to attacking Macbeth and his castle.
What does Malcolm instruct his army to do in the lines that begin, “Let every soldier hew him down a bough….”? Why is this a significant strategy (think….apparition)? Malcolm instructs his army to break off branches from Birnam wood and hold it in front of them so Macbeth’s spies will not see exactly how many men there are coming to attack.
What is Macbeth’s attitude in his opening speech of the scene? Macbeth is still very optimistic in his opening speech of the scene. He still believes that they can defeat the soldiers from England.
How does Macbeth react to the news that his wife is dead? Macbeth is not as distraught as I thought he would be when he found out his wife died. He just says that it was bound to happen someday.
What is Macbeth’s reaction to the news that the Messenger brings him? What does this reaction imply about his emotional stability? Macbeth angrily yells at the messenger when he hears the news because what the apparitions told him is coming true. He then comes to a point where he says that he is tired of living anyway.
What does Macbeth realize about the “equivocation of the fiend”? He begins to realize that what the witches/apparitions told him is a lie even though it sounded like truth.
Even though Macbeth’s demise is certain, what does he resolve to do? What does this seem to suggest about him? He resolves to continue to stand and fight which suggests that he is brave and will not give up until the end.
Is it surprising that Macbeth so easily kills Young Siward? No it is not surprising that Macbeth easily killed the Young Siward because Macbeth has been in battles before and won so he knows how to fight.
What does Macduff need to do for his own peace of mind? Macduff needs to kill Macbeth for his own peace of mind because Macbeth is the one who sent murderers to kill Macduff’s children and wife.
Why has Macbeth avoided Macduff during the battle? Macbeth has avoided Macduff during the battle because he killed Macduff’s family and he probably feels uncomfortable seeing him face to face.
What is significant about the opening exchange between Macbeth and Macduff in scene viii? This exchange between them is significant because Macbeth did not want to see Macduff but they managed to meet.
What does Macbeth finally admit in the lines that begin, “And be these juggling fiends…” of scene viii? How do these lines increase the tragic feel of the scene? Macbeth admits that he no longer believes in the witches anymore and says how they raised his hopes and then destroyed them. These lines increase the tragic feel of the scene because Macbeth told Macduff about the witches.
What do (old) Siward’s comments about the death of his son reveal about the ideals of honor in Shakespeare’s time? Siward’s comments about the death of his son reveal that in Shakespeare’s time it was an honor to die during battle.
What is the “newer comfort” to which Siward refers? The newer comfort that Siward refers to is the death of Macbeth.
What is the main message of Malcolm’s final speech? The message of Malcolm’s final speech is that now they will begin a better time in their lives with Macbeth gone and Scotland will ruled much better now.

You Might Also Like