Macbeth Test

Duncan the King of Scotland. We should all be so lucky: he’s kind, generous, benevolent, and just a little weepier than you might expect from a noble warrior and king.
Donalbain He is the younger son of King Duncan and brother to Malcolm, the heir to the throne. Flees to Ireland after the murder of his father for refuge.
Malcolm He is the eldest son of King Duncan and newly appointed Prince of Cumberland, i.e. next in line to be King of Scotland.
Macbeth s a Scottish general and the thane of Glamis who is led to wicked thoughts by the prophecies of the three witches, especially after their prophecy that he will be made thane of Cawdor comes true. Macbeth is a brave soldier and a powerful man, but he is not a virtuous one. He is easily tempted into murder to fulfill his ambitions to the throne, and once he commits his first crime and is crowned King of Scotland, he embarks on further atrocities with increasing ease.
Banquo he is at first an ally to Macbeth (both are generals in the King’s army) and they are together when they meet the Three Witches. After prophesying that Macbeth will become king, the witches tell him that he will not be king himself, but that his descendants will be. Later, Macbeth in his lust for power sees him as a threat and has him murdered.
Macduff Thane of Fife, is a character in William Shakespeare’s Macbeth (c.1603-1607). Macduff plays a pivotal role in the play: he suspects Macbeth of regicide and eventually kills Macbeth in the final act. He can be seen as the avenging hero who helps save Scotland from Macbeth’s tyranny in the play.
Lennox A Scottish nobleman. He grows suspicious of what he sees in Macbeth, and grows increasingly sarcastic and is fearful for the fate of Scotland.
Rosse A Scottish nobleman
Fleance Banquo’s son, who survives Macbeth’s attempt to murder him. At the end of the play, his whereabouts are unknown. Presumably, he may come to rule Scotland, fulfilling the witches’ prophecy that Banquo’s sons will sit on the Scottish throne.
Siward Leader of the English army, some ten thousand strong which defeats Macbeth at the end of the play. He loses his son, Young Siward to Macbeth.
Young Siward The son of Siward, he dies fighting Macbeth
Seyton is Macbeth’s chief servant when his thanes are abandoning him. The fact that his name rhymes with ‘Satan’ may be coincidental. He helps to arm Macbeth, and reports the Queen’s death to him.
Porter a minor character in “Macbeth” who serves as the doorkeeper at Macbeth’s castle. Immediately after the murder of King Duncan, the Porter appears in response to the knock at the gate.
Old Man The anonymous old man represents experience and memory, and is at least 70 years old (“Threescore and ten I can remember well” he says in II.iv.1). He comments on the disturbances in nature on the night of Duncan’s murder, unprecedented in his recollection. He is referred to by Rosse several times as father. He wishes a blessing on Rosse as he travels to Scone.
Lady Macbeth Macbeth’s wife, a deeply ambitious woman who lusts for power and position. Early in the play she seems to be the stronger and more ruthless of the two, as she urges her husband to kill Duncan and seize the crown. After the bloodshed begins, however, Lady Macbeth falls victim to guilt and madness to an even greater degree than her husband. Her conscience affects her to such an extent that she eventually commits suicide. Interestingly, she and Macbeth are presented as being deeply in love, and many of Lady Macbeth’s speeches imply that her influence over her husband is primarily sexual. Their joint alienation from the world, occasioned by their partnership in crime, seems to strengthen the attachment that they feel to each other.
Lady Macduff Macduff’s wife. The scene in her castle provides our only glimpse of a domestic realm other than that of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth. She and her home serve as contrasts to Lady Macbeth and the hellish world of Inverness.
Gentlewoman The Gentlewoman indicates Lady Macbeth has walked in her sleep. She will not report to the Doctor anything Lady Macbeth has spoken in her somnambulistic state, having no witness to confirm her testimony. Carrying a taper (candlestick), LadyMacbeth enters sleepwalking.
Hecate The goddess of witchcraft, who helps the three witches work their mischief on Macbeth
Three Witches/ Wicked Sisters Three “black and midnight hags” who plot mischief against Macbeth using charms, spells, and prophecies. Their predictions prompt him to murder Duncan, to order the deaths of Banquo and his son, and to blindly believe in his own immortality. The play leaves the witches’ true identity unclear—aside from the fact that they are servants of Hecate, we know little about their place in the cosmos. In some ways they resemble the mythological Fates, who impersonally weave the threads of human destiny. They clearly take a perverse delight in using their knowledge of the future to toy with and destroy human beings.
Act 1 Simile and MetaphorThey are comparisons making the abstract concreteSimile: indirect comparison using like or as (weaker)Metaphor: direct comparison (stronger)
Act 2 Personification and ApostrophePersonification: we use personification to give human characteristics to inanimate or nonhuman thingsEx: I go and it is done. The bell invites me. Hear it not Duncan, for it is a knell That summons thee to heaven, or to hellApostrophe: to address a person or abstract idea directly although it is not or cannot be presentEx: Merciful powers, Restrain in me the cursed thoughts that nature Gives way to in repose
Act 3 Symbol: When we use a word, object, or image to represent another idea or conceptEx: But in a sieve I’ll thither sail, And like a rat without a tail, I’ll do, I’ll do, I’ll do. (Rat without a tail: symbol for supernatural)
Imagery Imagery: language that appeals to the senses of sight, touch, taste, smell and hearing in order to convey more abstract ideasEx: And take my milk for gall, you murd’ring ministers (taste)
Act 5 Verbal Irony: is often used in literature. Either the author or a character may say one thing and mean anotherEx: O treachery! Fly good Fleance, fly, fly, fly! Thou mayst revenge. O slave! (Verbal, Flying=free, Slave= not free)Situational Irony: occurs when a discrepancy exists between what a character says and what a character does, or a discrepancy between what a character expects to happen and what does happen.Ex: This castle hath a pleasant seat; the air Nimbly and sweetly recommends itself Unto our gentle senses (Situational because Duncan is talking about how pleasant and sweet the castle is but that is where he gets murdered)

You Might Also Like