Macbeth Test

“Fair is foul and foul is fair.” – the witches-Anything related to goodness is also disieving/evil-purity=evil, evil=purity-Situations appear to be good but in reality are evil-All people are capable of being good and looking evil
What does the Sergeant report about Macbeth? He is brave and considered a hero
Based on what King Duncan has heard about Macbeth, what does he instruct Ross to do and why? How does this connect to the previous scene with the witches? – “Go pronounce his present death/And with his former title greet Macbeth.”- past Thane of Cawdor is being executed bc a traitor- witches have knowledge of this
Macbeth’s first line in Act 1 Scene 3 is “So foul and fair a day I have not seen.” What does this mean? – he has never seen a day so good and bad at the same time- fighting battle, lost men, 2 enemies, exhausted- won battle
What prophecies do the witches make regarding Macbeth? – live a man accursed- won’t sleep at night or day- cursed- 81 weeks of agony
What news does Ross bring to Banquo and Macbeth as they are discussing the prophecies? – King was happy to hear of successes- shocked that he fought 2 enemies and not afraid of death- messengers deliver how he defended the country
How does Malcolm describe Cawdor’s execution? How does Duncan respond? – confessed treasons- set forth deep repentance- nothing reflected so well on his life like learning it – no way to discern inner from outward
How do Duncan and Banquo regard Macbeth’s home? Duncan: pleasant location, pur airBanquo: guest of summer, delicate air
What arguments does Macbeth raise for not committing the murder? What does he mean when he says that Duncan is “here in double trust?” – he is kinsman and subject- host, so should not have to commit murder
Lady Macbeth reveals the details of the murder plot. What are they? – make him drunk while Duncan is asleep- make guards drunk to get sword to look like the soldiers killed Duncan
Why can’t Banquo sleep? – believes human nature is most evil at night- attentive>knows something isn’t right
When Banquo says he dreamed of 3 weird sisters, Macbeth responds “I think not of them.” Why is this line ironic? – Macbeth is about to kill the king and fulfill the prophecy
What is the thematic significance of the porter’s pretending to be a gatekeeper of hell? – gatekeeper of castle- confirms Macbeth’s moral wrong duty>going to hell
Who is it that discovers the king’s dead body? Macbeth
How is Macduff’s lines ironic? “O gentle lady…” – wanted to be less motherly and more tough/manly- contradicts “gentle lady”
What reason does Macbeth give for having killed the guards? – acted impulsive graz of distress and loyalty to the King- blind fury
Why does Lady Macbeth faint? – to distract others and stop people from further questioning Macbeth…change focus
What plans Malcolm and Donalbain make? Why? – Malcolm goes to England (Scotland)- Donalbain goes to Ireland- safer if not together-fear for their lives…dangerous because their father was killed
“A falcon, towering in hr pride of place/was by a mousing owl hawked at and killed”- Old Man – king’s death=unnatural- owl=Macbeth- falcon=King- normality has been destroyed
“And Duncan’s horses-a thing most strange and certain…Turned wild in nature…contending against obedience…” – Ross – Macbeth was loyal to the king and then he went bad- horses disrupted and go crazy, wild
What news does Macduff bring regarding Duncan, Malcolm, Donalbain, and Macbeth? – Brings news that sons have fled- takes attention off Macbeth- makes sons seem guilty
Where does Ross choose to go, upon hearing this news? – goes to Scone, where Macbeth is being crowned
What does Macduff determine to go? – not to go to Scone with Ross- goes to Fife because he is Thane of Fife- doesn’t trust Macbeth, doesn’t want to watch him
Banquo soliloquy act 3 scene 1 – suspects Macbeth of the murder- his ambition keeps him silent- thinks maybe what the witches predicted about himself would come true too
Macbeth admits to being afraid of only one man – Banquo because of his kingly quality- doesn’t want him to have descendants
When Macbeth meets with the murderers, he asks them if they have thought about what he told them the last time they met last time: told them that they should know it was Banquo who committed to the murder; they were thwarted and deceived
Why aren’t Lady Macbeth and Macbeth happy after he is crowned king? – slashed the snake, not killed it- desire has gone without content
Why are the murderers only successful with half of their plan? -the light of the torch went out, so the son fled- it was raining that night which caused the failure- Fleance had escaped
What does the first murderer tell Macbeth? – successfully killed Banquo but not Fleance- Macbeth says the first murderer is the best, but still worried about Fleance
What does the ghost of Banquo do? – sits in Macbeth’s place- shows how Macbeth is guilty, Banquo should have been in king’s chair
How does Lady Macbeth try to cover for her husband’s strange behavior at the feast? – explains how Macbeth has acted like this since his childhood, and that he will be fine soon
“draw Macbeth on to his confusion” – Hecate – tells the witches to meet her in hell with Macbeth- she will spend the night making something horrible happen- magic spells will trick Macbeth with illusions- he will feel overconfident in his fate
“security is mortals’ chiefest enemy” – Hecate – overconfidence is a man’s greatest enemy- death comes when a mortal least expects it – people’s desires to feel safe often leads to their downfall
Why is Macduff living in disgrace? – failed to show up at Macbeth’s feast
Where has Macduff gone? -went to English court to ask King Edward for help- to form an alliance with the people of Northumberland and their lord Siward
first apparition – an armed (helmet) head- Macduff is going to do something evil
second apparition – a bloody child- Macbeth thinks he cannot be killed (by any man born to a woman)…invincibility
third apparition – a child with a crown and a branch-don’t fear until Birnam Wood comes to Dunsinane
fourth apparition – 8 Kings with Banquo- Banquo’s descendants will be Kings- Macbeth’s paranoia
Why is Lady Macduff upset with her husband for leaving Fife for England? – makes him look like a traitor- left his wife, children, house, title is in unsafe place- doesn’t love them
“wants the natural touch; for the poor wren will fight, her young ones in her nest against the owl” – Lady Macduff – Macduff lacks natural instinct to protect his family- even a small weak bird would fight
What does Malcolm confess to Macduff? – Malcolm shouldn’t be king- no good qualities for being a king- he can hide the truth from everyone (desires)- greedy and would steal land, jewels, and houses- Macduff says that greed has lento the death of Kings
“These evils thou repeats thyself, have banished me from Scotland. …Thy hope ends here!” – Macduff – evils of which Malcolm accuses himself has driven Macduff out of Scotland forever
“Macduff, this noble pass, child of integrity, hath from my soul….” – Malcolm – this noble outburst can only be result of integrity, and has removed the doubts about Macduff from Malcolm’s soul, proving Macduff’s honor and truthfulness
Who kills Macbeth? Macduff
Who discovers Duncan’s body? Macduff
Which nation’s army invades Scotland at the end of the play? England
Who kills Lord Siward’s son? Macbeth
Where are Scottish kings crowned? Scone
Who flees Scotland to join Malcolm in England? Malcolm
Who does Duncan name as his successor? Malcolm
The 2 murderers are joined by: a 3rd murderer

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