Macbeth Short Answers

1. Explain the importance of the repeated quote “Fair is foul, foul is fair.” Important because it is used as a motif and repeated throughout the story. It represents the theme of appearance vs. reality and how things usually turn out differently than they seem.
2. What initial impression is given of Macbeth’s character by the Captain? How does that impression change over the course of the play? Initially the captain gives the impression that Macbeth is noble, honest, and a strong leader. Throughout the story, Macbeth changes and we see selfishness and greed that starts to overtake him.
3. How do Banquo and Macbeth differ in their response to the witches’ prophecy? What might this say about what happens later in the play? When they first hear the prophecy, Banquo is very skeptical of the things the witches say, and Macbeth is very trusting of the prophecy. Later in the play, Macbeths down fall is due to his trust in the prophecy, and him misjudging it.
4. Duncan greets Macbeth in Act I, scene iv by saying “There’s no art find the mind’s construction in the face.” How does this reflect the theme of the play? when he says it he is saying that you cannot tell someone what to do by looking at their face. This quote reflects the theme Appearance vs. Reality
5. How does Macbeth react to Duncan naming Malcom as the rightful heir to the throne? What does this say about Macbeth’s character? Macbeth is angry that Duncan names Malcom the rightful heir to the thrown, because after hearing the prophecy, he believes he should be king. This shows how the prophecy changes his character, and makes him much more selfish and evil than the brave noble soldier we were first introduced to.
6. Explain the importance of Macbeth’s “vaulting ambition.” Macbeth’s vaulting ambition is his one fatal flaw. In Elizabethan tragedies The main character has one fatal flaw that they must act on. Macbeth has to act on his ambition throughout the entire play. He must make decisions but his ambition gets in the way of a clear decision.
7. In Act I, scene v, Lady Macbeth responds to the letter Macbeth sends her and assesses Macbeth and his ambition. What does she say about her husband? What do her words reveal about her character? Lady Macbeth reads the letter from Macbeth and decides immediately that Macbeth must kill Duncan. She asks the gods to cover their bad act with darkness, and that should be turned on in order to follow through with such a bad deed. He shows us that Lady Macbeth is ruthless and selfish.
8. How does Lady Macbeth change as a character throughout the play? In what way is her character dynamic? Throughout the story lady Macbeth slowly becomes crazy. The greed and ambition gets to her and she no longer control herself and life no longer makes her happy
9. Macbeth refers to Duncan visiting Dunsinane by suggesting he is there in “double trust.” Explain the double entendre and its importance in the play. Macbeth refers to Duncan visiting dunsinane in “double trust” because as a host, and Duncan’s kinsman, he should not be welcoming him into his house on it to kill him
10. How does Lady Macbeth convince Macbeth to go forward with the murder? Lady Macbeth convinces Macbeth to go through with the murder by questioning his manhood, and his love for her. She suggests that he is being cowardly by wavering in his decision
11. Who is knocking after the murder of Duncan and what is Macbeth’s reaction to the knocking? Macduff is knocking at the door in the morning when the drunk Porter opens it Duncan had previously asked me to come by in the morning and Macduff is the only one who finds Duncan dead in his room Macbeth is scared that Macduff will figure out what really happened
12. Why won’t Maceth take the daggers back to the scene of the crime? Why is it important that Lady Macbeth handles this situation? Macbeth does not want to take the daggers back to the dead body because he cannot bear to see the dead body of his king again Macbeth is scared about what he has done so Lady Macbeth must do it otherwise someone will figure out what they have done
13. What three things does drinking provoke, according to the Porter? What purpose does the scene with the Porter serve? The Porter suggests that alcohol makes your nose red puts you to sleep and makes you urinate it can also either turn on or off your lust.
14. Explain the reasons for the flight of Donalbain and Malcolm after the murder of their father, King Duncan. Donald and Malcolm fully after the death of their father because they fear their own lives at risk. They are surrounded by people who smile at them but cannot see the real truth.
15. Who is absent at the banquet and why is that absence important? Banquo was absent at the banquet because Macbeth was having him killed. his absence was important because the table is supposed to be filled by all the Nobles before everyone sits down to eat and Banquo was supposed to be at dinner but he never showed up therefore making everyone at the banquet suspicious
16. How does Macbeth act at the banquet and why are his actions important?
17. How does Lady Macbeth cover for Macbeth during the banquet? What excuses does she give?
18. Read the following lines. Identify who said these lines, and tell us why she said them. “Out, damned spot! Out, I say!… / …Yet who would have thought the old man / to have had so much blood in him?” (Act Vi).
19. How does the opening scene with the witches set a mood for the play?
20. Explain how the messages from the Apparitions came true.
21. Read the following line. Identify who said it, and tell us why he said it: “It will have blood, they say: blood will have blood” (Act III.iv).
22. What do the doctor and gentlewoman see Lady Macbeth doing? What are they noticing about her mental state?
23. What trick does Malcolm use to hide the number of men in his army? What connection does this have to the apparitions?
24. Macbeth says to Macduff, “But get thee back, my soul is too much charged with blood of thine already,” To what is he referring and why is this line important?
25. How does Macbeth die? Why is his death inevitable?
26. Discuss the relationship between Lady Macbeth and Macbeth. Who is the stronger, or better, person in the relationship—and is this constant or does this dynamic change? How does the power in their relationship shift throughout the play?

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