MACBETH (aka “The Scottish Play”) – Act I Quiz

Shakespeare’s hometown Stratford-Upon-Avon
Shakespeare born (year) 1564
Shakespeare died (year) 1616
Shakespeare’s wife Anne Hathaway
# of children 3
Children’s names Hamnet, Susanna, Judith
Shakespeare’s theatre company The King’s Men (formerly Lord Chamberlain’s Men)
# of plays 37 plays
# of Sonnets 154 sonnets
Types of plays written by Shakespeare tragedies, comedies, histories
Couplet Two lines in which the last words rhyme, usually at the end of a scene to indicate the scene is finishing
Paradox A contradiction that proves to be true
Alliteration The repetition of initial identical consonant sounds
Antithesis A contrast or opposition of thoughts, usually in two phrases, clauses, or sentences
Metaphor An analogy (comparison) identifying one object with another and ascribing to the first object one or more qualities of the second
Simile A figure of speech in which a similarity between 2 objects is directly expressed using the words “like” or “as.”
Aside A dramatic convention by which an actor directly addresses the audience but is not supposed to be heard by the other actors on the stage
Hyperbole An extreme exaggeration
Dramatic irony The words or acts of a character may carry a meaning unperceived by the character but understood by the audience
Apostrophe A figure of speech in which someone (usually but not always absent), some abstract quality, or nonexistent personage is directly addressed as though present
Motif A recurrent repetition of some word, phrase, situation, or idea
Personification A figure of speech that endows animals, ideas, abstractions, and inanimate objects with human qualities
“Holinshed’s Chronicle” The play “Macbeth” is based on
Witch to other witches “When the hurlyburly’s done, / When the battle’s lost and won.”
Witches “Fair is foul, and foul is fair. / Hover through the fog and filthy air.”
Captain to King Duncan “For brave Macbeth–well he deserves that name–/ Disdaining Fortune, with his brandished steel…/ Till he unseamed him from the nave to th’ chops, / and fixed his head upon our battlements.”
Macbeth to Banquo “So foul and fair a day I have not seen.”
Banquo to Macbeth “So withered and, and so wild in their attire, / that look not like th’ inhabitants o’ th’ earth…/ You should be women, / yet your beards forbid me to interpret / that you are so.”
Macbeth to the witches “The Thane of Cawdor lives, / A prosperous gentleman; and to be King / Stands not within the prospect of belief, / No more than to be Cawdor.”
Banquo to Macbeth “The earth hath bubbles as the water has, / and these are of them. Whither are they vanished?”
Macbeth [Aside] “This supernatural soliciting / Cannot be ill, cannot be good. If ill, / Why hath it given be earnest of success, / Commencing in a truth? … My thought, whose murder yet is but fansastical, / Shakes so my single state of man that function / is smothered in surmise, and nothing is / But what is not.”
Malcolm to King Duncan “Nothing in his life / became him like the leaving it.”
King Duncan to Macbeth “I have begun to plant thee, and will labor / to make thee full of growing.”
Macbeth [Aside] “The Prince of Cumberland! / That is a step on which I must fall down, or else o’erleap, / for in my way it lies.”
Macbeth [Aside] “Stars, hide your fires; / Let not light see my black and deep desires: / The eye wink at the hand; yet that be / Which the eye fears, when it is done, to see.”
Lady Macbeth to herself “Yet I do fear thy nature; / It is too full o’ th’ milk of human kindness / to catch the nearest way. Thou wouldst be great, / Art not without ambition, but without / the illness should attend it.”
Lady Macbeth to herself “The raven himself is hoarse / That croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan / under my battlements.”
Lady Macbeth to herself “Come, thick night, / and pall thee in dunnest smoke of hell, / That my keen knife see not the wound it makes, / Nor Heaven peep through the blanket of the dark / to cry ‘Hold, hold!'”
Lady Macbeth to Macbeth “To beguile the time, / Look like the time; bear welcome in your eye, / You hand, your tongue: look like th’ innocent flower / But be the serpent under’t… Only look up clear. / To alter favor ever is to fear.”
King Duncan to others “The air / Nimbly and sweetly recommends itself / unto our gentle senses.”
Lady Macbeth to King Duncan “All our service / in every point twice done, and then done double, / Were poor and single business to contend / Against those honors deep and broad.”
Macbeth to himself “If th’ assassination / Could trammel up the consequence, and catch, / With his surcease, success; that but this blow / Might be the be-all and the end-all–here, / But here, upon this bank and shoal of time, / We’d jump the life to come.”
Macbeth to himself “He’s here in double trust: / First, I am his kinsman and his subject, / Strong both against the deed; then, as his host, / Who should against his murderer shut the door, not bear the knife myself.”
Macbeth to himself “I have no spur / To prick the sides of my intend, but only / Vaulting ambition, which o’erleaps itself / and falls on th’ other-“
Lady Macbeth to Macbeth “Wouldst thou have that / Which thou esteem’s the ornament of life, / And live like a coward in thine own esteem, / Letting ‘I dare not’ wait upon ‘I would,’ / Like the poor cat i’ th’ adage?”
Macbeth to Lady Macbeth “I dare do all that may become a man; / Who dares do more is none.”
Lady Macbeth to Macbeth “What beast was ‘t then / That made you break this enterprise to me? / When you durst do it, then you were a man; / And to be more than what you were, you would / Be so much more the man.”
Macbeth to Lady Macbeth “I am settled, and bend up / each corporal agent to this terrible feat. / Away, and mock the time with fairest show: / False face must hide what the false heart doth know.”
Shakespearean Tragedy classification of drama written by William Shakespeare which has a noble protagonist, who is flawed in some way, placed in a stressful heightened situation and ends with a fatal conclusion.
Tragic Hero main character whose death affects the course of the empire
Tragic Flaw Hamartia; tragic hero’s fault or defect that leads to his death
Recognition/Premonition of Doom Anagnorsis; the incident in the plot in which the main character discovers some major piece of information that profoundly affects his actions
Unity of Action beginning, middle, and end of the plot connects a series of unfortunate events that are interrelated
Emotional Cleansing Catharsis; reason we feel good about the tragic events that occurred in the play
Fate the supposed force, power, or plan which predetermines one’s destiny

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