Macbeth Acts II and III

Macbeth’s Castle Inverness
Macbeth’s hallucination he sees a dagger in front of him, which he’s trying to grab just like the one he’s already holdingLarge drops of blood appear on itHe’s about to kill Duncan, and this hallucination makes him start questioning his sanity
“dagger of the mind” Macbeth is imagining/hallucinating a dagger
When the bell rings, Macbeth does it? murders Duncan
Lady Macbeth says “That which hath made them drunk hath made me bold” She got the guards drunk (talking about alcohol)She thrives on evil, and might be a bit drunk
What did Lady Macbeth leave conveniently next to the guards? The bloody daggers
Why didn’t Lady Macbeth kill Duncan herself? He looked like her father while he was asleep
Macbeth is unable to say “Amen” Duncan’s sons were praying, and he, most in need of blessing, couldn’t say Amen with themHe’s really just hearing them mumble in their sleep, but he’s freaking out and thinks they know
A voice speaks to Macbeth. What message is spoken? Sleep no more! Glamis hath murdered sleep, and therefore Cawdor shall sleep no more: Macbeth shall sleep no more.He’s haunted and paranoid about the murder, and might never sleep again
Lady Mac gives Macbeth several instructions for covering up the crime -daggers must lie by the servants-smear guards with blood-wash blood off
Lady Macbeth and Macbeth differ in their reactions to murder Macbeth – freaks out due to guilt, thinks will never sleep againLady M- thinks only of advancing the cause, the dead can’t hurt anyone
The porter’s thoughts on drinking and what it does to a man Drink provides sleep, urine, and nose-paintingAlcohol increases desire, but ruins the “performance”
The next morning, Lennox reports that “the night has been unruly” Great winds blew down chimneys and fires out, earthquake, owls calling all night, screams of death heard
What do they find when they go to wake the king? The king torn apart in his bed, stabbed brutally
Macbeth says he himself murdered the guards because he was angry that they murdered Duncan, so he did it out of love for Duncan
Lady Macbeth faints Help me hence, ho/Look to the ladyDistracting from Macbeth, who’s going on and on and might implicate himselfGets her out of the room, and makes it look like this is the first she’s heard of the death
Malcolm and Donalbain decide They need to get away so they won’t be murdered too. Malcolm will go to England and Donalbain to Ireland
Macbeth says, “Let’s briefly put on manly readiness…” He’s going to go put some clothes on, they’ll all put on brave faces, and meet in the hall
In Scene iv, Ross and the Old Man talk about super freaky stuff happening in nature in the last few hours, and one thing on Tuesday -though it is day, it is dark as night-On Tuesday, a falcon at the peak of its flight was killed by an owl-Duncan’s beautiful and strong horses went wild and broke out of their stalls. They would not obey anyone, as it at war with men, and then ate each other.
Malcolm and Donalbain are now suspects because They fled, making it look as though they bribed the guards to kill their father so they could have more power
Macbeth is on his way to __________ to ___________ Scone, be crowned king
How did the idea of killing Duncan come about and who’s to blame? -Idea came from prophecy by the witches that became true-Lady Macbeth encouraged the murder, inciting Macbeth to act-Ambition grows in Macbeth as his rise in power continues, making him overcome his more kindly nature-Idea of power made him do it-You can blame witches, Macbeth, Banquo, and esp. Lady Macbeth
Two types of conflict and examples from Act III Internal: within a character-Banquo-MacbethExternal: between characters, outside-Macbeth and kingdom-imagined conflict b/t Macbeth and Banquo-Macbeth and Lady Macbeth-Macbeth and supernatural world
“Reasons” for murdering Banquo and Fleance -Banquo can’t be intimidated and acts wisely-Macbeth fears only Banquo, and even his guardian angel fears Banquo-Macbeth doesn’t want to have done all this for Banquo’s kidsTo murders:-kept them from what they wanted/riches-Banquo slandered them
He can’t kill them himself because They have shared friends that can’t be estranged and Macbeth can’t look bad.
Macbeth’s thoughts on sleeping: Better to be dead than to be having these horrible nightmaresDeath is all that can bring peaceHe can’t sleep because of the voices and the guilt
“And make our faces vizards to our hearts, Disguising what they are.” Explain. We must put up a facade so no one knows what we truly think and experience. (don’t let Banquo/feast guests)
Banquo’s murder Macbeth doesn’t tell Lady-third murderer comes along-Banquo and Fleance get off their horses and talk-Murderers kill only Banquo-Banquo tells Fleance to run and avenge him
“Ay, my good lord: safe in a ditch he bides.With twenty trenched gashes on his head, The least a death to nature.” He is safely dead, stabbed in the head 20 times, the smallest cut of which could have killed him.
“There the grown serpent lies; the worm that’s fledHath nature that in time will venom breed,No teeth for the present.” Fleance isn’t a danger now, but he will be later when he comes to avenge his father in the future.
Who is the snake? The worm? What will the worm do in the future? Snake – BanquoWorm – FleanceFleance will come back with power and avenge his father
Someone is sitting in Macbeth’s chair Banquo’s ghost
Macbeth’s reaction to Banquo’s ghost: -fearful/freaks out-shouts that he didn’t do it
Lady Macbeth tries to cover for Macbeth Says he’s had fits from his youth, it will end soon…
Macbeth complains that in the good old days, “that, when the brains were out, the man would die, and there an end; but now they…” rise againit used to be that people stayed dead, but now there’s all this nonsense with people coming back as ghosts
Macbeth: “I have a strange infirmity…” Trying to keep up Lady Macbeth’s story
Macbeth would rather be approached by a __________, _________________, or a ___________ than see this _________ bear, rhinoceros, or tiger than see Banquo’s ghost
Lady Macbeth: “You have displaced the mirth, broke the good meeting with most admired disorder!” Lady Macbeth telling off Macbeth that he’ll blow their cover unless he pulls it together and acts like a man
“It will have blood, they say: blood will have blood…”What is he talking about?What does this foreshadow? -killing leads to more killing-those who live by the sword will die by the swordMacbeth just has to keep on killing.This foreshadows the war and his own death.
“I am in blood stepped in so far that, should I wade no more, returning were as tedious as go over…” Trying to get out of mess would be just as bad as getting in, so let’s just go deeper. Let’s take it down to hell.
Macbeth needs to talk to the witches because He’s freaking out about the future and wants to know more (Hecate predicts…)
Why is Hecate mad at the other witches? They didn’t give her credit for her prophecies, which she shaped using her dark magic.
Lennox reviews events -sums it up, Fleance, Malcolm, and Donalbain are all accused of killing their fathers-Macduff is gone to get help-Macbeth is off his rocker
Malcolm is in _______ getting help from ________________. English court, King Edward
Who has gone to get Malcolm and who else is he hoping to enlist? Macduff, Earl of Northumberland and his son, Siward
All this has caused Macbeth to prepare for war against England (and his own people!)
“That which hath made them drunk hath made me bold;” Lady macbeth
“It will have blood, they say: blood will have blood.” Macbeth
“Is this a dagger i see before me, the handle toward my hand?” Macbeth
“Ay, my good lord: safe in a ditch he bides, with twenty trenched gashes on his head. the least a death to nature.” First Murderer
“There the grown serpent lies; the worm that’s fled hath nature that in time will venom breed, no teeth for the present.” Macbeth
“Had he not resembled my father as he slept, I would have done it myself.” Lady Macbeth
“Drink, Sir, is a great provoker of three things… nose painting, sleep, and urine.” Porter
“Nought’s had, all’s spent, where our desire is got without content: “Tis safer to be that which we destroy than by destruction dwell in doubtful joy.” Lady Macbeth
“O, treachery! Fly, good Fleance. Fly, fly, fly!” Banquo
“How did you dare to trade and traffic with Macbeth in riddles and affairs of death; and I, the mistress of your charms…was never called to bear my part or show the glory of our art?” Hecate
Define/Explain: dagger of the mind Macbeth’s hallucinated dagger; floats in the air, leading to Duncan
Define/Explain: vizards masks, the Macbeths must hide what they are experiencing for the feast guests
Define/Explain: Manly readiness (put on) clothes, so they can go meet in the hall and figure our what to do
Define/Explain: Hecate goddess of evil, uses magic, angry with witches for stealing her thunder
Define/Explain: Edward King Edward of England, Malcolm’s asking him for help
Name two types of conflict and given an example of each type from Act II or Act III The two types of conflict are internal and external. One example of internal conflict is Macbeth’s inner conflict, first about performing the murder of Duncan, and then his struggle with his guilt afterward. One example of external conflict is that between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth, as the Lady is always trying to further the cause via evil, and then yells at Macbeth for not being man enough when he’s freaking out.
Murder of Duncan and the elaborate cover-up When the bell rings, Macbeth kills Duncan. However, just before this, Macbeth hallucinates a dagger leading him to the murder. Afterward, Lady Macbeth smears the guards with blood and lays the daggers next to them, and both she and her husband wash the blood off their hands. Hearing a knocking, they put on their bedclothes. Macduff and Lennox come, and they go with Macbeth to wake the king, finding him murdered. Then, Macbeth murders the guards “out of grief” and to cover up.
“Sleep no more!…Cawdor hath murdered sleep!… Macbeth shall sleep no more!” As he walks back to his bedchamber with bloody hands and an enormous cloud of guilt, Macbeth imagines a voice telling him that he will sleep no more. This occurs because Macbeth has begun a downward spiral into insanity, and is so wracked with guilt, regret, and paranoia that he will never have peace again.
The murder of Banquo: Macbeth decides he needs Banquo to die because it is Banquo’s fault he’ll have a fruitless crown, and Banquo is wise and not easily intimidated. Macbeth talks to two murderers and convinces them to kill Banquo and his son, Fleance (because of made up reasons about Banquo being unfair to them). That night, Banquo and Fleance go riding, and the murderers attack, stabbing Banquo twenty times in the head. However, Fleance escapes, with Banquo telling him to run now, but avenge him someday.
“The times has been that, when the brains were out, the man would die, and there an end; but now they rise again, with twenty mortal murders on their crowns and push us from our stools.” Macbeth complains in this quote that the dead used to stay dead, silent in their graves, but now they rise again. This happens because Banquo’s ghost shows up at the feast, sitting in Macbeth’s chair. This makes Macbeth afraid, confused, and a little angry. In fact, he says he’d rather face a tiger, bear, or rhinoceros rather than Banquo’s ghost.
Whereabouts of Malcolm and Donalbain, why fled, and what Malcolm is doing now: Malcolm and Donalbain flee to England and Ireland, respectively, because they were afraid of being murdered like their father was. Now, Malcolm is in the English Court, trying to get King Edward’s help in retaking Scotland.
“I am in blood stepped in so far that, should I wade no more, returning were as tedious as going over it” Macbeth here speaks about the awful mess he’s gotten into by pursuing his ambition and murdering. He fells that it would be just as hard to get out of this mess as it was to get in, so he might as well just go deeper. Thus, he somewhat resigns himself to more blood and murder.
Four dead people so far in Acts I-III Duncan, Banquo, Guard 1, Guard 2

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