Macbeth Act IV Study Guide

What are the witches doing at the beginning of the act? Summoning three apparitions in response to Macbeth requesting them to increase the stability of his kingship
What 3 things does Macbeth learn from the witches and apparitions and how does he react to them? He must beware of Macduff, nobody born from women can harm Macbeth, there will be 8 generations of Banquo’s children which upsets Macbeth
How does Macbeth react to Macduff’s departure? He threatens to kill Macduff’s family
How does Macduff react to the news that his family has been slaughtered? He’s greatly saddened and at first has a feminine reaction considering that Malcolm tells him to take the news like a man. Macduff then tells Malcolm to find Macbeth and avenge his family’s deaths.
What action is taken by Macduff and Malcolm? They plan to avenge the death of Macduff’s family by killing Macbeth
In Scene 1, how are the themes of betrayal and greed used? Macduff has fled to England (theme of betrayal) and Macbeth fiercely demands the witches to tell him about Banquo’s children possibly becoming kings (theme of greed)
What figurative language is used in the quote, “I think our country sinks beneath the yoke. It weeps, it bleeds, and each new day a gash is added to her wounds”(141). Explain. Personification because Scotland is being referred to as a woman who weeps and bleeds because “new gashes” (more people getting killed by Macbeth) are occurring and are being added to Scotland’s “wounds”