Macbeth ACT 1

Thunder and lightning. Enter three Witches WITCHESPATHETIC FALACYThe state of nature reflects the events going on in the story
When the battle’s lost and won 2ND WITCHJUXTAPOSITION
Who like a good and hardy soldier fought MALCOMSIMILEcomparison suggesting that the captain exceeded expectations by going to great lengths to save Malcom.
As two spent swimmers, that do cling togetherAnd choke their art. SERGEANTSIMILEComparing two sides of battle to two swimmers who could not kill each other because of exhaust.
For brave Macbeth–well he deserves that name–Disdaining fortune, with his brandish’d steel,Which smoked with bloody execution,Like valour’s minion carved out his passage Till he faced the slave;Which ne’er shook hands, nor bade farewell to him,Till he unseam’d him from the nave to the chaps,And fix’d his head upon our battlements. SERGEANTIMAGERY & SIMILEdescribing Macbeth using language of sense experience, describing his steel sword, and what he had done.
As whence the sun ‘gins his reflectionShipwrecking storms and direful thunders break,So from that spring whence comfort seem’d to comeDiscomfort swells SERGEANTSIMILEcompares Macbeth’s heroic defense against Macdonwald’s forces to a sun break in a storm. The sun can “stop” the shipwrecking storms and direful thunders, such as Macbeth’s strength.
Till that Bellona’s bridegroom, lapp’d in proof,Confronted him with self-comparisons,Point against point rebellious, arm ‘gainst arm ROSSALLUSION & METAPHORBellona is a roman goddess of war. Ross is comparing Macbeth to Bellona’s husband, and he is blessed by them
And, like a rat without a tail WITCHSIMILE
look like the innocent flower,But be the serpent under’t. LADY MACBETHSIMILE
This castle hath a pleasant seat; the airNimbly and sweetly recommends itselfUnto our gentle senses. DUNCANDRAMATIC IRONYDuncan thinks the castle is gentle and sweet, but the audience is aware that evil awaits.
This guest of summer,The temple-haunting martlet, does approve,By his loved mansionry, that the heaven’s breathSmells wooingly here: no jutty, frieze, BANQUOPERSONIFICATIONThe marlet/bird approves of the castle because of the delicate air
Except they meant to bathe in reeking wounds SERGEANTVERBAL IRONYMacbeth fought so hard like he was bathing in wounds
Into the air; and what seem’d corporal meltedAs breath into the wind. MACBETHSIMILEMacbeth comparing witches disappearance to wind
that his virtuesWill plead like angels, trumpet-tongued, against MACBETHMETAPHOR
I have begun to plant thee, and will labourTo make thee full of growing DUNCANMETAPHORHow Duncan will encourange and help his kinsmen to grow
Stars, hide your fires;Let not light see my black and deep desires MACBETHPERSONIFICATIONTelling the stars to not reveal his true intent, and the stars also symbolize FATE
See, see, our honour’d hostess!The love that follows us sometime is our trouble,Which still we thank as love. DUNCANDRAMATIC IRONYTo Lady Macbeth FAIR IS FOUL
But here, upon this bank and shoal of time,We’ld jump the life to come MACBETHMETAPHOR & IMAGERYComparing moment to a sandbar in the ocean, suggesting the insecurity he is feeling right now
To plague the inventor: this even-handed justiceCommends the ingredients of our poison’d chaliceTo our own lips. MACBETHMETAPHORMacbeth is comparing the death of Duncan to a poisoned chalice, meaning that after he kills Duncan, he might have to face the consequences, such as sipping a chalice/cup full of poison
The thane of Cawdor lives: why do you dress meIn borrow’d robes? MACBETHVERBAL IRONYWhy is he given the title when it is already used (Borrowed robe)
SCENE 1 SUMMARY – 3 Witches – Want to meet Macbeth- “Fair is foul, Foul is fair”
SCENE 2 SUMMARY – Duncan (KING)- Malcom (SON)- Lennox (nobleman)- Sergeant- Ross (thane)- A wounded captain- Captain describes brave Macbeth- Thane of Ross also praises Macbeth- Duncan says Macbeth will be Thane of Cawdor
SCENE 3 SUMMARY – 3 Witches- Macbeth- Banquo- Ross- Angus- Witches meet Macbeth and Banquo- Tell him he will be Thane of Cawdor and King- Banquo will be lesser and greater than Macbeth, not too happy, but happier etc.- Witches disappear- Ross tells that Duncan is pleased and wants Macbeth Thane of Cawdor- Macbeth is scared – Angus explains that the current thane will lose his position- All agree to meet king
SCENE 4 SUMMARY – Duncan- Malcom- Macbeth- Banquo- Duncan wants to know if thane is dead- Thane died, a traitor- All meet Duncan- Macbeth and Banquo talk about their loyalty- Duncan says Malcom will be Price of Cumberland- Macbeth thinks that is getting in his way
SCENE 5 SUMMARY – Lady Macbeth (reads long letter)- Messenger- Macbeth (Short)- Letter from Macbeth- Witches prophecy- Thinks Macbeth is not worthy, “too full o’th’ milk of human kindness” – Not wicked enough- Messenger says Duncan is going to stay a night- Lady wants to kill him- Unsex her- Make thick her blood- Breast milk for gall/poison- Tells Macbeth plan(stop her from being a woman since it is stopping her from the violent deed she wants to do)
SCENE 6 SUMMARY – Duncan- Banquo (once)- Lady Macbeth – Compliment lady for hosting- Duncan talks about air- Banquo talks about bird- All Duncan after- Talk about where Macbeth is
SCENE 7 SUMMARY – Macbeth- Lady Macbeth- Macbeth is found, alone- He doesn’t want to kill Duncan- Lady enters- She convinces that he needs to kill him- Says Macbeth is not a man if he doesn’t- Finally Macbeth is ready to kill