Literature: “The Crucible”

Why did the Salem settlement need a theocracy? Why had the settlers begun to turn toward individualism? (A theocracy is a system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god.) Salem needed a theocracy to become more united and to have a sense of freedom. The settlers began to turn toward individualism because Parris talked too much about Hell and not enough about God; also, he was very greedy.
How does Miller characterize Parris? How does Parris feel about his parishioners? Parris is characterized as a self-centered, greedy, egotistical, and arrogant person who only cares about himself. Parris thinks his parishioners are there to support him.
Why is Thomas Putnam willing to speak of witchcraft? How does Mrs. Putnam know what Ruth was doing in the woods? Putnam is willing to speak of witchcraft because he wants their land. Mrs. Putnam knows about Ruth in the woods because she sent Ruth to contact her dead babies’ spirits.
Why does Abigail “admit” that Tituba and Ruth were conjuring spirits? Why is Abigail afraid the others will confess what they were doing in the woods? How does Abigail treat the other girls? How does she treat her uncle? Abigail admits Tituba and Ruth were conjuring spirits so that she will appear as an innocent victim. Abigail is afraid that if the other girls confess, it’ll ruin her reputation, and she’ll be exposed as a liar.Abigail is abusive and manipulative towards the girls and her uncle since she thinks she’s a “gift to the world.”
What are Abigail’s feelings towards John Proctor? Why is she antagonistic toward Elizabeth Proctor? Why has she been asked to leave her home? Why does she tell John what happened to Betty? Abigail has a crush and more towards John Proctor.Abigail is antagonistic towards Elizabeth because she’s the wife of John.Elizabeth asked Abigail to leave the Proctor household because she knew John and Abigail were having an affair.”Betty is silly and scared.”
Why do Proctor and Rebecca speak out against Hale’s coming? Why has Proctor set himself against Parris? How does Rebecca’s departure affect those waiting at the bedside? NO OUTSIDERS. Proctor doesn’t like Hale’s coming because he thinks Hale is taking it out of control. Rebecca doesn’t like it either because she thinks the girls are just messing around.Proctor sets himself against Parris because he doesn’t like Parris’s preachings; plus, everyone knows that Parris is a self-centered, greedy person.Rebecca seems to be haughty (better than them) but not.
Why does Abigail accuse Tituba? Why does Hale believe Abigail rather than Tituba? How does he lead Tituba into naming names? Why do Abigail and Betty name names? Abigail accuses Tituba to get blame off of her. Hale believes Abigail over Tituba because she’s a “victim.” However, Hale shows compassion towards Tituba.Hale leads Tituba into naming names by putting words in her mouth and kind of giving her a way out. Abigail and Betty name names to completely get the blame off of them and to focus it on the others.***Tituba is a scapegoat for Abigail.

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