Julius Caesar Act II Reading and Study Guide

Taper Candle
Tyranny State of oppressive rule
Lest For fear that
Anachronism An object that is not in the correct time period
Examples of anachronisms A doublet and a clock
Complication Events that contribute to the rising action
Personification Giving human qualities to inanimate objects
Example of personification Yawning graves
Irony the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning
Dramatic irony Difference between what the reader/characters know
Example of dramatic irony Decius dismisses Calpurnia’s Dream as foolish and untrue and Brutus goes along with it
Situational irony Difference between what is expected and what actually happens
Verbal irony The difference between what is said and what is meant
Aside Remark intended for audience to hear but unheard by other characters
Example of aside Brutus: That every “like” is not the same, O Caesar,The heart of Brutus earns to think upon.Meaning: everyone who seems a friend is actually an enemy, Caesar
Example of irony Cassius suggests also killing Marc AntonyBrutus immediately dismisses this idea as “too bloody” they will be seen as “butchers”. Brutus compare Caesar to the head of the body and Antony to a limb, saying the limb can do little once the head has been cut off. This eventually leads to the war between Cassius/Brutus and Antony/Octavian: Battle of Actium, their deaths
Scene 1: According to Brutus, why is it necessary that Caesar be killed? Caesar: poisonous adder, baby adder to be killed before he hatches, once he climbs to the top of young ambition’s ladder he will scorn those of his previous rank
What actions does Lucius perform that help the plot unfold? Gives Brutus the forged letter, taper, the date (Ides of March), lets the conspirators in
What is Brutus’s internal conflict Whether or not Caesar should die
Why does Brutus disagree about taking an oath He thinks that in a matter so serious their word is enough
Why does Metellus think it would be a good idea to ask Cicero to join the conspiracy? Cicero is older and therefore wiser
Why does Brutus say Cicero shouldn’t join the conspiracy? Cicero is a leader and not a follower he is stubborn and will not easily go along with the orders of others
What does Brutus say about killing marc Antony Brutus says that they would be butchers and that Antony is a limb of Caesar and is useless without Caesar
What reason does Cassius give for why Caesar may not come out of his house today Caesar is superstitious about the omens
By what method does Decius say he will use to get Caesar out of the house? He will flatter Caesar
Why is Portia worried about Brutus She says he looks sick and worried and she saw the disguised conspirators
How does she prove her strength to Brutus She stabs herself in the thigh and bears the wound silently
Scene 2: why does Calpurnia want Caesar to stay home She had a bad dream and saw it as an omen
Calpurnia’s dream Blood pouring from Caesar’s statue that the citizens bathe in
How does Decius interpret Calpurnia’s dream Decius says it means Caesar’s blood will be the “reviving blood of Rome” (revives Rome): verbal irony
What arguments does Decius use to change Caesar’s mind about going to the Capitol Men will laugh at Decius if he goes back with no reason Men will think Caesar is cowardly Can’t not show up to his own coronation, wife’s dream not credible
Scene 3: what does Artemidorus plan to do He plans to give a letter to Caesar warning him about the danger
Why is Portia so nervous She is worried about Brutus because he left looking ill
What does Portia want Lucius to do Run to Capitol and check on Brutus and the other men/Caesar
What does the soothsayer tell Portia Something bad might happen/he will talk to Caesar in a empty and open place (crowded in the narrow road=Caesar suffocated to death)
Cowards die many times before their deaths.The valiant never taste of death but once.Of all the wonders that I yet have heard,It seems to me most strange that men should fear,Seeing that death, a necessary end,Will come when it will come. CAESAR TO CALPURNIA it means: cowards never really live in the first place because they never take risks, the brave die once for taking a risk (did everything they could to really live) No point in being afraid of death, it will happen to everyone

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