Hamlet Test Act 1-3

Sonnets and Drama The most popular literary works of the time period were the ___ and the ____. Playwrights turned away from religious subjects and began writing more complex and sophisticated plays.
Ancient Greece and Rome Drawing upon the classical models of ancient ____ and _____, playwrights reintroduced tragedies and dramas.
Tragedies and dramas Playwrights reintroduced ____ and ______ through the influence of ancient Greece and Rome
(1564-1616)154 Sonnets37 Plays William Shakespeare (___-___)was an author of _____ sonnets and ____ plays
First Folio1623 He wrote plays to be preformed onstage and did not publish editions for the reading public. The first published edition of his work, called the ________ was issued in _____ by two members of his theater company.
TragediesHistoriesComediesRomances Shakespeare’s’ plays include ____, ____, ____, and ____.
The Lord Chamberlain’s MenLondon Theater company of which Shakespeare was the principal playwright and part owner. It was one of the most successful theater companies in____
It was unseemly for women to be associated with the theater Why was the company sponsored by the Lord Chamberlain during the reign of Elizabeth I?
The King’s Men When King James I took the throne in 1603, he assumed sponsorship of the company, and it became known as _____.
The Globe Theater The theater built in 1599 on the south bank of the Thames River by The Lord Chamberlain’s Men. It was where most of Shakespeare’s plays were performed.
Its structure was circular, open to the sky, and lined with galleries. Describe the structure of the Globe
the plays were performed in broad daylight Because the Globe had no lighting, _______________
Create the illusion of time and place for the audience There were no sets, so the words of the play had to ____
DID NOT Shakespeare (DID/DID NOT) invent the character or the basic plot of the play for Hamlet.
DanishTwelfth Hamlet was a figure from _____ legend dating back to the _____ century.
Ur-HamletThomas Kyd The immediate source for the play is thought to be a lost play now known as _______, believed to be written by _____.
Many questions about the play continue to fascinate readers, making Hamlet not only a revenge tragedy but also a mystery. What makes Hamlet so popular yet so puzzling?
Moral and ethical delays, the rightness of revenge, how to achieve an ethical life, how to live in a world where tears of sorrow, loving smiles, and friendly words are all suspect because all are “actions a man might play” What deeper issues does Hamlet address?
1. Meanings of words have changed2. Some of his vocabulary is no longer in use What are two reasons that Shakespeare’s words can be confusing?
1. He frequently shifts his sentences away from “normal” English arrangements (Puts verbs in front of noun)2. He makes systematic use of inversions3. Delays basic sentence elements4. He omits words and parts of words that English sentences normally require What are four reasons that Shakespeare’s sentence structure can be confusing?
The contrast between Greek/Roman and Christian beliefs What contrast/complexity is evident in works from Shakespeare’s time due to the revival of classical works?
Poor on ground with no chairs, if it rained oh wellRich could be higher in chairs or had a private showing Describes what a public theater was like in Shakespeare’s England.
1. First or bad quarto- Written by actors from memory, half as long2. Second Quarto- Believed to be more correct3. Folio- 1623, Shakespeare’s works compiled after his death What are the three printed versions of Hamlet? Which is/are used to form the modern play?
Blank Verse ____________-unrhymed iambic pentameter- was invented during the English Renaissance to reflect natural speech rhythms
IambPenatmeter An _____ is a metrical foot consisting of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable, and the term _____ means that there are five such feet to the line.
SentencesLines To read blank verse, you must focus on _____ and not on ___. To make sense of Shakespeare’s sentences, you must follow them past the line endings to the sentence endings.
Metaphorical Language Language that goes beyond literal images to introduce perceptions and comparisons that are unusual, unpredictable, and surprising. It compresses thought, promotes understanding, shapes responses.
SimilesMetaphors ______ compare, _______ equate.
Metaphor A figure of speech in which one thing is spoken of as if it were something else. Through this association of two dissimilar things, a comparison is suggested or implied. Literally means “the carrying out of a change”
Conceit An unusual and surprising comparison of two very different things. This is a special kind of metaphor or complicated analogy.
Simile A figure of speech that compares two apparently dissimilar things by using the key words “like” or “as” to highlight the hidden similarities of the things being compared. Literally means “the showing of similarity or oneness”
Personification A figure of speech in which a non-human subject is given human characteristics
Pun The simultaneous use of two different senses of the same word for expressive or humorous effect
Allusion A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art.
Classical A _____ allusion is one derived from Greek and/or Roman culture.
Antithesis The direct juxtaposition of structurally parallel words, phrases, or clauses for the purpose of contrast
Motif A symbol or ides that recurs in varying forms throughout a literary work
Soliloquy A long speech in a play or in a prose work made by a character who is alone and thus reveals his private thoughts and feelings to the audience and reader.
Aside A brief comment made by a character, apparently unheard by the other characters, which reveals his private thoughts or feelings to the audience or reader.
Protagonist The main character in a literary work around whom the story revolves.
Antagonist A character or force in conflict with the main character, or protagonist, in a literary work.
Foil One character who sets off another by contrast
1. Action vs. Inaction2. Appearance vs. Reality3. Women4. Religion, Honor, and Revenge5. Poison, Corruption, and Death List the main themes in Hamlet:

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