Hamlet Key Quotes ACT 3

Claudius: ‘He puts on this confusion/Grating so harshly all his days of quiet’ Suspects Hamlets antic disposition.
Guildenstern: ‘But with a crafty madness’ How they feel Hamlet’s madness is crafted a certain away. Well thought through.
Claudius: ‘And drive his purpose into these delights Ironic as Claudius is making way for his own doom.
Claudius: ‘We’ll so bestow ourselves that, seeing unseen’ Claudius telling Gertrude they will use Ophelia to ‘see unseen’. Parallels Hamlets plan as he uses players to show the unseen. ‘Seeing unseen’ seems ironic.
Gertrude: ‘Ophelia, I do wish/That your good beauties be the happy cause…I hope your virtues’ Seems genuinely concerned for Hamlet, however Gertrude as a woman doesn’t seem to care that Ophelia will be used like an animal.
Polonius: ‘And pious action we do sugar o’er/he devil himself’ This suggestion can be interpreted as Polonius feeling guilty for what he’s about to do, maybe a suggestion towards Gertrude as she might be aware of Claudius’s actions or a suggestion towards Claudius.
Claudius: ‘O heavy burden’ says right after Polonius talks about sugar coating. He’s got a conscience as he feels guilty.
Hamlet: ‘To be or not to be, that is the question’ Second soliloquy, walks straight into it. Questioning himself whether patient endurance of wrongs is more honourable than courageous opposition.
Hamlet: ‘Or to take arms against a sea of troubles’ Metaphor, military imagery, expresses Hamlets sense of futility.
Hamlet: ‘Pangs of despised love’, ‘In silence of office’ Diseased, corroded imagery and view of world.
Hamlet: ‘Grunt and seat under a weary life’ demonstrating physical pain of being alive.
Hamlet: ‘Thus conscience does make cowards of us all’ Losing intention to act. Reaching a conclusion however is full of doubt.
Hamlet: ‘Are you honest?’, ‘Are you fair?’ Questioning Ophelia’s innocence and virginity. Could be due to antic disposition as feels he need to show Claudius he is mad.
Hamlet: ‘Your honesty should admit no discourse with your beauty’ Suggesting you can’t be both chaste and a virgin. Either Ophelia is misunderstood or uses witty self-protection against Hamlets rudeness.
Hamlet: ‘Get thee to a nunnery’ he exhorts Ophelia to put herself away so that she may never breed sinners like Hamlet. “Nunnery” was common Elizabethan slang for “brothel,” and that therefore Hamlet’s command is ironic and even more despairing than it seems.
Ophelia: ‘O help him, sweet heavens’, ‘Heavenly powers restore him’ Shows Ophelia is concerned for Hamlet. Strong religious belief.
Hamlet: ‘I have heard of your paintings. God hath given you one face and you make yourselves another’ Suggests deception and can be seen a referral towards Gertrude however Hamlet takes all his anger out on Ophelia perhaps to do with her father’s plans.
Ophelia: ‘Blasted with ecstasy. O woe is me/T’have seen what I have seen, see what I see’ Shows Ophelia’s great sorrow as her lover has rejected her and tormented her. Use of apostrophe reveals her distress feeling of being hurt. Shows she genuinely cared for Hamlet.
Claudius: ‘He shall with speed to England’ Decision to send Hamlet to England.
Hamlet: ‘Do you think I meant country matters?’ Sexual reference
Hamlet: ‘Look how cheerfully my mother’s looks and my father died within two hours’ Mocking Gertrude. Showing his frustration.
Hamlet: ‘Madam how like you this play?’ Questioning Gertrude to perhaps see her reaction. Is not following ghost’s advice.
The mouse trap Hamlet invents a new title for his altered version of the Murder of Gonzago.
Hamlet: ‘Your Majesty and we have free souls, it touches us not’ Having a dig at Claudius. Suggesting if you have a guiltless soul this play will not play on your conscience.
Hamlet: ‘A poisons him I’th garden for his estate’ Sneaky reference to what exactly Claudius did.
Hamlet: ‘What, frighted with false fire? Sarcasm, are you scared of a gun that fired a blank. This is nothing, there’s more action coming.
Claudius: ‘Give me some light. Away’ Guilt is taking over Claudius, feel unsecure.
Hamlet: ‘I’ll take the ghosts word for a thousand pounds. Didst perceive?’ Hamlet appears to be full of euphoria and jubilance as he has got confirmation for his doubt that the ghost was actually the King and he was right. Ironic as he’s fighting deception and corruption with deception and corruption.
Guildenstern: ‘Marvellous distempered’ Guildenstern explains to hamlet how Claudius is feeling. He is extremely upset however Hamlet chooses to misunderstand and uses sarcasm by mentioning his drinking.
Hamlet: ‘Put him to his purgation’ Hamlets suggestion to attempt to treat Claudius’s ‘Choler’ by using medicine or urging confession.
Hamlet: ‘We shall obey, were she ten times our mother’ Seems ironic as Hamlet has foul mouthed Gertrude beforehand. Change of tone towards Gertrude.
Hamlet: ‘Do you see yonder cloud that’s almost the shape of a camel?’ Antic disposition is back and Hamlet is mocking Polonius as he agrees with whatever Hamlet says.
Hamlet: ‘Now could I drink hot blood’ Hamlet comes across as a man of action, energised by the confirmation that the ghost was right. Almost seems like he will do something big however, isn’t even where he’s supposed to be. Revenge is delayed, in reality sense of accomplishment is ironic.
Hamlet: ‘Let me be cruel, not unnatural/I will speak daggers to her but use none’ Uses imperative showing his authority over Gertrude as a woman as his gender allows him to do anything. However, he does not want to injure his mother physically but use words which will wound her. Perhaps touch her soul, a way of asking for truth and honesty.
Claudius: ‘Nor stands it safe with us’, ‘The terms of our estate may not endure/Hazard so near us as doth hourly grow’ Claudius’s plan to send Hamlet to England with R&G. Constantly using personal pro nouns implying how Hamlet is a danger to everyone in Denmark and how everyone dislikes him. Far from the truth.
Rosencrantz: ‘Or it is a massy wheel/Fix’d on the summit of the highest mount’ This relates to idea of Denmark being rotten as at the time the belief was that the King was responsible for God’s mandate. Meaning after od king was almost looked up to as god. So if King didn’t anything wrong it would contaminate the whole nation.
Claudius: ‘O, my offence is so rank, it smells to heaven’ Finally, we as audience get to hear Claudius’s thoughts. He comes across as guilty and desperate for forgiveness. Guilt is taking over corruption. Overpowering nature of his crime.
Claudius: ‘My stronger guilt defeats my strong intent’ Almost paralysed by a sense of guilt. There’s a parallel with Hamlet as conscience does make cowards. His thoughts are stopping him.
Claudius: ‘O, what form of prayer/Can serve my turn? ‘Forgive me my foul murder?” Rhetorical question, shows he’s aware of how bad his sins are. Even forgiveness can’t save him.
Claudius: ‘My crown, mine own ambition and my queen…retain th’offence?’ Claudius tries to justify his crime and also comes across as not genuinely asking for forgiveness. His hunger for power is still there. Cant repent as he is selfish.
Hamlet: ‘Why this is hire and salary, not revenge?’ Hamlet is about to kill Claudius however assumes that as he is praying he will go to heaven and by doing this Hamlet will betray his father by sending his murderer to heaven. Paying for his deed rather than punishing him.
Hamlet: ‘When he is fit and season’d for his passage?’ Hamlet suggesting how can he take Claudius’s purging soul when it is ready to enter heaven. Justification for no action.
Claudius: ‘My words fly up, my thoughts remain below. Words without thoughts never to heaven go’ Shows how Claudius does not genuinely feel guilty for anything. Also can be seen as a slight similarity between Hamlet and Claudius as Hamlet has all these plans and thoughts but doesn’t actually do anything.
Hamlet: ‘You are the queen, your husband’s brothers wife’ Dark humour by Hamlet again suggesting his disgust for his mother. Gertrude is defined by her associations with men.
Hamlet: ‘You go not till I set you up a glass’ Hatred towards mothers. Suggesting she is two faced, duplicity is ironic on the whole as suggests the state of Denmark.
Hamlet: ‘A rat! Dead for a ducat, dead’ Hamlet kills Polonius and the animal imagery of rat links very well with Polonius as he is always wanting attention and is metaphorically ‘squeaking’.
Hamlet: ‘A bloody deed. Almost as bad, good mother/As kill a king and marry with his brother’ Hamlets hatred for his mother’s action is screaming through this. A sarcastic tone has been used to mock her. However, her reaction almost declares her innocence.
Hamlet: ‘Makes marriage vows/As false as dicers’oaths’ Image of gambling linked to relationship is pretty much representative of most characters. Polonius, Claudius, perhaps Gertrude as well.
Hamlet: ‘Here is your husband, like a mildew’d ear/Blasting his wholesome brother’ Hamlets describes Claudius as a mouldy ear of corn infecting his brother. This also links to the idea of massy wheel as Claudius is an infection infecting the whole state and thus something is rotten in the state of Denmark.
Hamlet: ‘What devil was’t…you at hoodman blind?’ Dark religious imagery, suggesting evil spirits have blinded Gertrude.
Gertrude: ‘Turn’st my eyes into my soul/And there I see such black and grained spots’ Gertrude comes across as innocent but guilty at the same time. She understands she has sinned by marrying Claudius however whether she was part of the plan to poison King Hamlet is still not very clear. Ambiguous character.
Hamlet: ‘Rank sweat of an enseamed bed/Stew’d in corruption’ Vivid imagery of Denmark, the thrown and the incestuous relationship. Hamlets disgust comes to its climax with a pun as stew’d also refers to a brothel.
Hamlet: ‘Cutpurse of the empire and the rule’ Claudius is the worst of kings, a thief of the throne, who took the precious crown from a shelf and put it in his pocket.
Hamlet: Bring me to the test/And I the matter will re word, which madness will gambol from’ Suggesting to Gertrude that this is not madness. He challenged her to test her and he will reiterate all he has said which is something a lunatic could not do. Showing Gertrude perhaps that this is only his antic disposition inorder to take revenge from Claudius.
Hamlet: ‘Ulcerous place/Whilst rank corruption, mining all within’ Suggesting how he knows that Gertrude is all rotten inside. Diseased imagery.
Hamlet: ‘Confess yourself to heaven/Repent what’s past’ Shows his strong religious belief and perhaps sympathy for mother. Wants her afterlife to be good not dammed.
Hamlet: ‘I must be cruel only to be kind’ Way of justifying Polonius’s murder? Or shows that he genuinely cares for his mother and is taking the ghosts advice by making her feel guilty sop she can repent and not physically hurting her.
Hamlet: ‘I essentially am not in madness/But mad in craft’ Here we learn that his antic disposition is real. Hamlet isn’t actually mad, this is a plan to take his father’s revenge or a cover up for his delayed revenge.
Hamlet: ‘Oh, ’tis most sweet/When in one line two crafts directly meet’ Line seems very ironic as Hamlet is fighting deception and corruption with deception and corruption. He’s in the same position as Claudius now as he is a murderer as well.

You Might Also Like