Hamlet Acts 3-5 Review

“Goodnight sweet prince, and flights of angels sing thee to thy rest.” Horatio
What is ironic about Hamlet’s decision not to kill Claudius in Act 3? Hamlet thinks Claudius was praying, however, he was not praying after all
“Rich gifts wax poor when givers prove unkind.” Ophelia
“I have some rights of memory in this kingdom/ Which now to claim my vantage doth invite me.” Fortinbras
“Do you think I am easier to be played on than a pipe?” Hamlet
“The lady doth protest too much methinks.” Gerturde
“I must be cruel only to be kind.” Hamlet to Gerturde
What is the definition of a character foil? A character who provides contrast highlight the main character’s traits
“My words fly up, my thoughts remain below/ Words without thoughts never to heaven go.” Claudius when he’s fake praying
Name two character foils for Hamlet Laertes and Fortinbras
Name three traits of a tragic hero – noble birth or stature- willingly takes on fate- basically good in nature
What classical allusions does Hamlet make in his “Alas, poor Yorick” speech that help us view him as a teenager? Alexander the Great and Julius Caesar
Name the five acts of Shakespearean tragedy I- Introduction/ ExpositionII- Complication/ Rising ActionIII- ClimaxIV- Falling ActionV- Catastrophe
What is deus ex machina? Salvation from an improbable source
What is the deus ex machina of Act IV that serves to aid Hamlet? Pirates attack Hamlet’s ship as it heads to England
Hamlet’s Act V graveyard speeches focus on what particular aspect of death? Death is the great equalizer; all people, both great and small, will meet the same end.
Name three ways comic relief is provided in the play – Osric- The gravediggers- Polonius
Who was Yorick in life? The court jester
Hamlet reflects that, “If it be now, tis not to come; if it be not to come, it will be now…the readiness is all…Let be” (V.ii). What does he mean? Death is inevitable; it will come when it comes.
Why does Laertes become so angry with the priest who presides over Ophelia’s funeral? The priest says that Ophelia should not receive the proper funeral rites because she committed suicide.
“Was’t Hamlet wronged Laertes? Never Hamlet…Who does it then? His madness.” Hamlet
“If thou didst ever hold me in thy heart,Absent thee from felicity awhileAnd in this harsh world draw thy breath in painTo tell my story.” Hamlet begging Horatio
“There’s rosemary, that’s for remembrance. Pray you, love. And there is pansies, that’s for thoughts.” Ophelia
“To die; to sleep; To sleep? Perchance to dream! Ay, there’s the rub;For in that sleep of death what dreams may come…must give us pause.” Hamlet in the “To be or not to be” soliloquy
“How stand I then,That have a father killed, a mother stained,Excitements of my reason and my blood,And let all sleep—while, to my shame, I seeThe imminent death of twenty thousand men,That for a fantasy and trick of fameGo to their graves like beds, fight for a plotWhereon the numbers cannot try the cause,Which is not tomb enough and continentTo hide the slain? Oh, from this time forth,My thoughts be bloody, or be nothing worth!” Hamlet